1
vote
2answers
110 views

Are there minimal pairs between normal length and long vowels in English?

Are there minimal pairs between vowels of normal length such as a and vowels of long length such as aː?
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Is the Schwa in English rounded or unrounded?

Wikipedia says that in principle the Schwa sound can be both rounded and unrounded. Can it be both in English, or does English always does one or the other?
0
votes
0answers
6 views

Are there any publicly available spell checking corpora?

I need some corpora that contain sentences with misspelled word(s) in order to evaluate the performance of my own spell checking approach. So, the corpora should define the right word alongside the ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Do “shew” and “eschew” come from the same root?

If so, are they antonyms or did one undergo a lexical shift to become the other? Also, is the /es-/ prefix used as a negator in any other English words, or is this case an exception?
2
votes
2answers
41 views

Is there a difference between the terms `plosive` and `stop`?

A sound like the voiceless retroflex stop get's sometimes called a stop and sometimes a plosive. Are the terms completely synonymous or do they have a slightly different meaning?
-1
votes
0answers
19 views

Portuguese one-word translation for “sore”

In english, I guess "sore legs" means that your legs muscles have lactic acid in it due to intense activity, so they hurt. Is there a one-word-translation for that?
-3
votes
0answers
23 views

How can a word be vague and precise?

Source: p 288, Understanding Semantics (2 ed, 2013) by Sebastian Löbner   Vague concepts are not deficient. On the contrary, the meaning of big is quite precise. Its flexibility is due to its ...
1
vote
0answers
11 views

How does flexible and context-dependent Categorisation not imply fuzzy Category Boundaries?

Source: p 283, Understanding Semantics (2 ed, 2013) by Sebastian Löbner   [Continued] Likewise, the category VASE is defined by the feature that vases are for putting cut flowers in. Thus, the ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Why aren't derivative features included in the definition of a prototype?

Source: p 283, Understanding Semantics (2 ed, 2013) by Sebastian Löbner   Another criticism concerns the nature of the features chosen for the tests. It is questionable if the shape criterion ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

What does the text on this building say?

A friend of mine spotted this while waking around Amsterdam. I don't recognize the script and can't make sense of it so I thought I'd ask for your help. What's that text between XXXVII and ANNO? ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Pitch-Accent languages like Ancient Greek sometimes acquire a dynamic component. Any papers on this change?

This is kind of the opposite of tonogenesis. All languages with stress use a combination of pitch, force and duration to represent a stressed syllable. Some use only (or primarily) pitch. What ...
0
votes
3answers
45 views

How to learn computer syllabification of IPA?

As in title. Lets say we have uhm anything (hollywood): /hɑˈliwʊˌd/ now how to make algorithm that will find all syllables in this IPA transcription: /hɑˈliwʊˌd/ => /hɑ.li.wʊd/ We can do ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

In what language was this following scripture written? What does it mean?

I was having a chat with someone and I was wondering whether this text (that seems to regard the White Ship incident) were written in some form of English, or possibly in Latin or French. Sorry for ...
-2
votes
0answers
25 views

Looking for Ancient Illyrian Word for 'Freedom' [on hold]

What is the Ancient Illyrian word for 'freedom'?
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Is “focus on verbs” a well-known aphorism in linguistics?

In a technical mailing list where I participate, someone asked: A famous linguist once said that "to understand a new language, that you should focus on the verbs first." Who said that? One ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

Why doesn't English have contracted forms for past tense verbs?

In English, we contract things like "They are" to "They're." As far as I know, for indicative moods, this is only done for present and future tense verbs. Why is it not done for past tense (I know ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Derivational morphanalyzer for English

I am looking for a derivational morphoanalyzer for the English language. I came across one by Xerox. Does anyone know of any other such analyzer? I am not interested in inflectional morphanalyzers.
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Are all grammar formalisms either dependency or constituency grammars?

Can a grammar formalism be something that's neither a dependency grammar nor a constituency grammar?
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Lexical Distance, is there a table?

I was looking (for a statistics project) to the Lexical Distance between languages and I came across this post Worldwide map or data for linguistic distance? I was wondering if there is any ...
-1
votes
0answers
26 views

Consonant pairs [on hold]

I want to create a list of 10 pairs of consonants based on linguistics, logic, and intuition, regarding the sound of the letters, the shape, or other criteria. The logic need not apply to all letter ...
6
votes
0answers
101 views

Why do some German words have 'th' instead of 't' in their older spelling?

My guess is that it was used to distinguish aspiration (as opposed to 't' in words of Latin/ Old French origin, which was not aspirated?). I'm pretty sure German lost its dental fricative to d pretty ...
2
votes
2answers
65 views

Are There Ancient Greek Words Descended From Sumerian?

Does the lexicon of Ancient Greek contain words believed to be of Sumerian origin? If so, can some estimate of their number be provided? Thanks
3
votes
2answers
61 views

Is it harder for a student to express himself/herself originally in a logographic language?

I do not speak any logographic language, contemporary or otherwise, but I have students whose original languages are written logographically. I was trying to imagine summarizing, rewriting and ...
-1
votes
0answers
26 views

research on idioms

Hello dear colleagues, One of my requirements on final semestar of my BA in linguistic is to create a research proposal on idioms, implicit vs explicit learning in SLA, therefore I read alot of ...
2
votes
0answers
56 views

Syntax: VP subject internal null V head from Carnie's book

I'm going to try to ask this question in a way it doesn't look like a homework assignment, which is not, because previous message was classified off-topic. I'm reading Carnie's book, and he just ...
2
votes
1answer
26 views

Is there a programmatically accessible/structured (JSON, XML, etc) dictionary that includes IPA

Thus far I have the CMU Pronouncing Dictionary, which uses a custom set of phonemes represented in ASCII text. Just the words and pronunciations is nice, but it would be great to have actual IPA ...
3
votes
1answer
139 views

Grammatical gender

I'm not asking about the origin of grammatical gender. I am asking where is the earliest example of the term "gender" used to describe classes of nouns. I'm wondering who first decided to name ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Standard Deviation Of Fundamental Frequency Of Males and Females [closed]

I know that it fundamental frequency is usually considered to be normally distributed, and that females have a higher variance in their distribution than males. What is the variance of the fundamental ...
2
votes
2answers
31 views

Dataset of special noun phrases

I'm looking for a dataset of noun phrases that are special in a particular way. I'm not able to pinpoint the key features of these noun phrases that distinguish them from other ones, however. Here are ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Named Entity Recognition on Upper Case Text

How to extract entities from upper case text. I use - http://corenlp.run/ with test data - I KNOW TOM LIVES IN LONDON. LONDON - Location TOM - not identified relation not identified with test ...
-1
votes
1answer
60 views

How are brothers and sisters not KINDS of siblings?

Source: Understanding Semantics (2 ed, 2013) by Sebastian Löbner [p 217, Definition 9:] A set of expressions is a taxonomy if and only if: (i) they form a conceptual hierarchy in terms of ...
-1
votes
0answers
37 views

Why is the order of Containment/Inclusion for Meaning and Denotation reversed?

Source: p 205, Understanding Semantics (2 ed, 2013) by Sebastian Löbner [p 20, Definition 1 :] The meaning of a content word (noun, verb, adjective), is a concept that provides a mental ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

What would the correct D-structure tree look like?

I've been trying to determine the correct D-structure tree to account for the following two sentences: [All the students must be sleeping.] and [The students must all be sleeping.]. I'm especially ...
1
vote
4answers
103 views

why there are many different ways to pronounced a phoneme?

A phoneme may be pronounced in different ways, depending on its position in the utterance, and still remain the same phoneme. Why?
1
vote
2answers
66 views

Are there names for the individual diphthongs?

I could say aɪ is the diphthong made up of the open front unrounded vowel and the near-close near-front unrounded vowel. Is there a shorter name for that diphthong and other similar diphthongs?
1
vote
2answers
81 views

Are there any languages besides Korean where vowel harmony is used semantically?

Korean has an interesting feature, in that mimetic words and colours can be altered by changing their vowels from one vowel harmony grouping to the other. The two groupings are called yin vowels and ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Where can I find a vowel analyzer app or program?

I'm looking for a smartphone app or computer program that will listen to me pronouncing a vowel and will tell me where exactly the vowel is located in the IPA vowel chart. Does anyone know of apps or ...
1
vote
3answers
124 views

Languages where numbers are read out in a mixed-up fashion

The German number system has the peculiarity that the ones are read out before the tens. For example: 634542 = Sechshundertvierunddreißigtausendfünfhundertvzweiundvierzig = "six hundred ...
-1
votes
2answers
25 views

Do Word Formation Rules have to do only with polymorphemic words? [on hold]

Word Formation Rules are responsible for the existence of well formed words. Are simple words (single, free morphemes) the result of word formation rules?
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Overt prestige and covert prestige vs convergence and divergence

Hi I've been reading a lot about overt and covert prestige from Labov's experiments in the department stores and convergence and divergence from Howard Giles' Communication Accommodation Theory and ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

What do the 'Perfect' and 'Perfective' Aspects share or have in common?

[ Source: ] At this point I’ve established that the perfect and the perfective are two separate concepts. However, there’s a conceptual relationship between these two even if there’s not an ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

How does 'Theme/Patient' differ from 'Experiencer'?

Source: p 123, Understanding Semantics (2 ed, 2013) by Sebastian Löbner To me, the Description and Examples for Thematic/Semantics Roles appear 100% interchangeable: so what are the ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Why was the prefix 'anti-' chosen for the terms 'antipassive' and 'anticausative'?

Source: Understanding Semantics (2 ed, 2013) by Sebastian Löbner [p 137:] The antipassive in English consists of demoting the direct object argument by omitting it. It removes the THEME/PATIENT ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Arabic sin and shin sounds in Classical times

What sounds did س and ش‎ make in (early) Classical Arabic? I have heard that maybe they were not [s] and [ʃ]. Is that a widely accepted truth? If that's true, what is the evidence for that?
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Which book(s) can you recommend to understand the different schools of linguistics? [on hold]

I'm looking for a good book or books that explain the different schools of linguistics such as structuralism, functionalism and formalism. Thank you
0
votes
0answers
22 views

How can I build a NLIDB application? [closed]

Hello guys and thanks in advance for taking time to look at my question. So, to keep this short, I want to build a NLIDB application which is going to take a user request, formulated in his natural ...
3
votes
1answer
51 views

The semantical change of сарай - “saráj” (rus., ukr.) vs. sister and donor languages: pl. 'seraj', srb-cro. 'saraj'

Much like (eng.) saray, the words derive themselves from Ottoman Turkish latinized: saray ("palace", "mansion", "castle"), which itself is derived from Persian سرای ("hall", "dwelling", "mansion", ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Phonology - elements and features

What are the disadvantages of Element Theory in phonology? In other words, why is the theory of binary features still commonly held, even though aspects of it, such as its binarity, are untenable? Are ...
2
votes
0answers
30 views

Finding the corresponding noun given an adjective

I am developing a Question and Answer system in the Dutch language. In order to get an answer from the system I send a query to DBPedia which either returns me answer or does not. Sentences like: ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Guessing if a string of Latin alphabet characters is likely to be a word

I have text from documents that were OCR'd. As some of the original document images were poor quality, some of the extracted text is garbage. Here's an example of a line of garbage. j-uti- l-rt.i ...

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