0
votes
0answers
6 views

Consonantal innovations in Hungarian

The Hungarian language seems to have many phonetic features uncommon in other Uralic languages- for example, phonetic voicing in its stops and sibilants and the presence of a labiodental fricative ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

English verbs - how many types/classifications?

I've been looking at English to help my teen out, readying for college. Didn't realise how little I knew. In this specific case, I'm stuck with the large number of types of verb - finite/infinite, ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Word elements relating to ancient deities

Are there word elements, including suffixes, from Old English or other languages that have been linked to their ancient deities and the people that served them, to which these elements are still in ...
2
votes
0answers
17 views

What are f0 candidates stacked horizontally in all .pitch files in Praat, like this one?

Why is it that if I zoom into a .pitch file in Praat, a see those little numbers in vertical lines? What is the meaning of those suboptimal values? I guess the best candidate, in pink, is what prat ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

How can I detect Formants programatically

I have used Praat to manually find formants of vowels in a word. Can we do this programmatically (automatically)? Also, I looked at speech recognition tools like CMUSphinx. Didn't find them useful ...
3
votes
0answers
43 views

What is the consensus regarding the term “gliding vowel”?

I write educational resources about Japanese. In my explanations, I try to avoid using overly technical terms so as to avoid scaring my readers, who tend to be people without a linguistic background. ...
-2
votes
1answer
48 views

Why is October the tenth month even though Octo means eight?

And it's not only that! Novem is Latin for nine, and Decem is ten, and yet the months are eleventh and twelfth respectively. What's the origin of that? Why are the months called the way the are ...
3
votes
2answers
47 views

What is the word class of the first part of a partitive genitive?

I'm trying to determine the part of speech in the following example: German: Mario Götze ist einer der besten Fußballspieler der Welt. (partitive genitive) English: Mario Götze is one of the ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Etymology of Agamemnon and Priam

What is the etymology of the names of the kings from the Iliad? Besides these two, I would be also interested in the etymology of the names of the other heroes from the book, such as Hector and ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Have the spelling systems of lingua francas historically been less phonetic than those of native languages?

Lingua francas exist because they allow people with different native languages to communicate, with an emphasis on flexibility to the detriment of rigor. Were a lingua franca's spelling made strictly ...
-2
votes
0answers
33 views

If a cell is a property of a table, does that make a parcel of land within a border a property of that border? [on hold]

I Got in debate with someone who tried convincing me that a property within a border isn't a property of that border, is that true?
1
vote
1answer
42 views

If we can talk of “speech error”, what do we call “narration error”?

Try as I might, I cannot find a term that technically describes errors in re-telling a story, sometimes known as Chinese whispers or by other similarly idiomatic expressions. I would have thought ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Language Education App + Translation

I have recently asked a question which stated: I am helping with the translation of a Japanese language application (Japanese to English), particularly with the conversations, each pertaining to ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

What, if any, prosodic information can be gleaned from a study of a waveform?

Can any sort of prosodic information (e.g. rhythm, intensity, pitch) be seen/understood just from a waveform alone (without reference to e.g. spectrograms)?
4
votes
1answer
59 views

Why is it possible to identify a language without hearing the words?

I have noticed that often while walking in the street in a foreign country, I will be able to recognize that someone nearby is speaking a language I'm familiar with without actually being able to make ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

Nouns and Interrogative Complements

In English, there are many different verbs which can combine with clausal complements. These verbs can be further sub-categorised as to whether they embed a propositional that-clause, or an embedded ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Berber ( Tamazighet )

I am interested in North Africa Languages, mostly, Berber, and I started reading about the grammar, and I found many holes! it's like uncompleted job, and I have this question if you can help me. Is ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Does your dominant language proficiency determine the degree of possible proficiency in L2?

People who aren't english native speakers often tell me that their English is better than their native tongue, which is kinda odd since they use their native tongue most of the time. Because of ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Subject/Complement Agreement. How to describe problem with “The thing is the objects.”

In http://ell.stackexchange.com/questions/29140/is-or-are-the-only-thing-that-i-want-you-to-hit-right-now-is-are-the-books/29170#29170, I provided the following, problematic, wording (especially bold ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Do Germanic languages have partitive case?

Finnish, among a few other languages, is known for its partitive case. I have been told that in some Germanic language, partitive case is required whenever SV-order is absent. SV-order is absent, ...
3
votes
2answers
76 views

Georgian minimal pairs with p' t' k'

Does anybody know any minimal pairs for /p'/ and /p/, /t'/ and /t/ or /k'/ and /k/ in Georgian (or any other indigenous caucasian language)? I'm writing a seminar paper about ejectives in caucasian ...
-1
votes
0answers
20 views

What does Sanskrit word Bhunjitha mean? [closed]

It is used like so - 'tena tyaktena bhunjitha' I can't find the meaning of bhunjitha in any of the Sanskrit-English dictionaries. Please help.
3
votes
3answers
133 views

Do native speakers of different languages make different mistakes in English?

Do native speakers of different languages make different mistakes when speaking in English? For example, do native speakers of Japanese make different mistakes than native speakers of Russian when ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Linguistic consultants

I'm writing an article that benefitted from a native-speaking linguistic consultant. I have several linguistic consultants, but this gal in particular really did a lot. She even helped train the other ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

In alphabetic languages written right-to-left, are the characters within a word written in the same direction?

In alphabetic languages (broadly speaking - anything other than a logographic script) which are written right-to-left, are the characters within a word written in the same direction as the words, or ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

So the Finnish language can destroy people verbally, or…? [closed]

Due to the recent passing of my grandmother I've been thinking more and more of something she said when I was a little child. She said something like "The Finnish language can utterly destroy a person ...
1
vote
2answers
54 views

University Level Hieroglyphics Material

What educational material can you recommend me for learning (Egyptian) Hieroglyphs given the following goals and background. Goals: I must have an understanding of the the geographical and spatial ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Are there any words that have changed usage/meaning multiple times (multiple semantic shifts) from 1850s to present time

I am interested in semantic shift undergone by words, and I am aware of classic examples like 'gay', which has shifted in meaning since the 1900s. However, are there any words that have actually ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Free list of emotional valence of words

Facebook recently reported a controversial experiment in which they found that if people use read words with positive emotional valence in their facebook news feed they will themselves use more ...
4
votes
0answers
100 views

Is it obvious that the difference between French/German is much larger than between Mandarin/Cantonese?

In another Linguistics.SE question, an answer makes this claim: The difference between French and German is so much larger than between Mandarin/Cantonese that one would be hard pressed to say ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

Why are functional/logic programming languages like Prolog or Haskell popular with computational linguistics and AI?

This may be the wrong place to be asking this, but I'm not entirely sure what kind of advantage using a language like Prolog gives you over an Object-Oriented language like Python. Also, is there a ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Looking for a Morphology Database

This is my first StackExchange post, so please let me know if I need to add additional information. I am looking for a comprehensive database that has words broken down by their morphology. For ...
10
votes
2answers
301 views

Why do so many languages have a phase like “so-so”?

Many languages seem to have some sort of repeating and/or singsong equivalent of the phrase so-so: Arabic: نصف نصف (nisf nisf) Chinese: 馬馬虎虎 (mǎma hūhu) Greek: έτσι κι έτσι Hebrew: ...
0
votes
2answers
77 views

Which languages have three noun classes corresponding to men, women and a third gender?

Which languages have three noun classes corresponding to men, women and a third gender? Where can I find lists like this?
1
vote
1answer
60 views

List of French minimal pairs

I recently asked a general question about minimal pairs (i.e. words that differ by one phoneme) and got a link to a website that provides a comprehensive list of English minimal pairs. Is there a ...
-1
votes
0answers
39 views

What is it about language that causes people to cloud their judgement of a thing with society definitions for things? [closed]

A few examples of this are: multi-meter oscillo-scope car length When I speak to people I know that I'm using the right definitions for words, but many people think they're the wrong word. Why do ...
3
votes
2answers
89 views

What's the opposite of a pejorative suffix?

Many languages have a suffix (or some other alteration) that gives a pejorative meaning to a word. For example, in Spanish: pájaro "bird" + -aco → pajarraco "big, ugly bird" What do you call a ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Any difference between natural and programming languages?

First of all, as a native German speaker, I apologise for my incorrect use of the English language. After thinking about some different languages and wandering astray on this exact Stack Exchange, I ...
2
votes
0answers
56 views

In the Minimalist Program, can valued uninterpretable features still act as goals before they are deleted?

the title pretty much says it, if deletion happens with shipping to the interfaces SEM/PHON, can a valued, uninterpretable feature still be a goal for another probe of this feature? In a DP, maybe as ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

What currency does the term “flip sense verb” have in linguistics?

In a recent comment on the question Ergative Verbs and some discussion about them, jlawler introduced a term I had not previously encountered: The rose smells good is completely different; this ...
2
votes
1answer
30 views

Probabilities for 2-grams are higher than 1-grams in arpa file produced by kenlm

I'm using the 1 billion word language corpus to build a model with 1 and 2-grams. When using the lmplz program that comes with kenlm, I noticed that the arpa file seems to have higher probabilities ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Origin of world languages

I am currently setting to investigate on a subject in the history of languages, but as a self-taught outsider I am stuck before finding out some key words to start searching the Web. I want to ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

Ergative Verbs and some discussion about them

I know what ergative verb is - Consider the following sentences - I opened the door. The door was opened (by me). The door opened. The verb open is a transitive verb in sentence #1, ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

Which English phonemes can be distinguished via lip-reading?

Is there a comprehensive list about which phonemes in the English language can be distinguished via lip-reading and which can't?
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Resource for German minimal pairs

I recently asked a general question about minimal pairs and got a link to a website that provides a comprehensive list of English minimal pairs. Is there a similar list for German minimal pairs?
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Uvular harmony?

I'm working on a conlang at the request of a script-writer who wants something very accurate. No problem for me since I spent a lot of time describing minority languages. The point is, the producers ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Is the semantic component of a generative grammar especially difficult to incorporate in psycholinguistic proccessing models?

It is often said that it is difficult to match up the structure rules of a grammar with psychologically realistic models of competence. I was wondering if the semantic component was especially ...
-1
votes
0answers
27 views

Why does praat stop running whenever I press the tab button?

I would really appreciate if you could tell me why does praat stop running everytime I press the tab button.
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Can any Praat scripts perform real-time analyses?

It seems that all Praat scripts operate on recordings. Is there any such thing as a script that performs an analysis "on the fly"?
0
votes
2answers
123 views

“Those who” vs “Them who”

I have asked this question in ELL site, but as I haven't received any answer from grammatical point of view, I am asking the same question here. Please help. I pity those who lost their money in ...

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