0
votes
0answers
29 views

“Cloth” lexical set: Is there a complete description of the possible conditioning environments?

This question is about speakers without the cot-caught merger (so, speakers who pronounce words such as “lot,” “cot,” “swat" with a distinct vowel from words such as “thought,” “caught,” “water.”) ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Do languages affect the focus of a society/civilization?

As I have come into contact with different languages in life I began to wonder whether some languages are more geared toward science, efficiency, literature or whatever. It seems like certain ...
1
vote
2answers
56 views

What, precisely, is a phoneme?

I'm currently enrolled in an introductory linguistics course at my school, and I am having a hard time pinning down what phonemes are. My text defines phonemes as: "A distinctive structural element ...
2
votes
4answers
60 views

Is there an easy way to type IPA?

I'm currently using http://ipa.typeit.org/full/ but it takes forever. Is there an easy way to type IPA? I've found this list of unicode keyboards over here ...
0
votes
1answer
15 views

What is the difference between Silesian Polish and neutral/standard Polish?

I would like to know what are the distinctive sounds of Upper Silesian Polish. Not the dialects, but the regular official language spoken by an upper silesian person with his regional accent. Do they ...
-2
votes
1answer
39 views

What does this mean in arabic? (picture) [on hold]

A friend of mine got an arabic tatoo or something, and I want to surprise her that I know what it means. Can you please tell me
2
votes
2answers
66 views

What's the term for the use of “this” in “there's this guy called John, who…”?

What's the term for the use of "this" in "there's this guy called John, who..."? Here, the "this" is used like an "a", not literally "this". I'm not sure if there's a term for this.
1
vote
1answer
60 views

how to produce pharyngeal sounds?

i just started self-studying arabic and i'm having trouble producing some of the sounds, specifically ض (ḍad), ظ (ẓa), ص (ṣad) and ط (ṭa). all four are pharyngealized fricatives/plosives and although ...
-3
votes
0answers
41 views

Did I write this gramatically correct? [on hold]

I am interested in applying to the opening of .....
0
votes
0answers
13 views

suggest studies or books on: relationship between level of literacy and English conversations

I'm looking for books or articles or studies on the relationship between the level of literacy(I mean in the general sense, like illiterate, graduate, post-graduate...) and English conversations. How ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Acquiring Arabic [on hold]

Do you know some sources of adapted literature in selectable (by mouse) format? Like this but for learners of Arabic.
3
votes
0answers
45 views

declining numerals in Old English

Disclaimer : this thread is perhaps off-topic. I thank you for your indulgence since I couldn't ask such a question on http://english.stackexchange.com/ . I read in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, in ...
-2
votes
0answers
35 views

Clarify the Front - Back & Close - Open position & other positions in between in IPA vowel chart?

See the IPA vowel chart A front vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages. The defining characteristic of a front vowel is that the tongue is positioned as far in ...
-1
votes
1answer
47 views

So, if we fix our mouth & tongue in a particular position then we can make ONE & ONLY ONE distinct vowel sound right?

Ok see the following IPA vowel chart Let say to make the long /i/ sound then the front of the tongue need to be as front as possible in the mouth and as close as possible to the roof of the mouth. ...
-1
votes
0answers
32 views

English Etymology for Two Purposes

I'm considering jumping into a large-scale survey of English etymology for two reasons: First of all, I'm interested in going a lot deeper in certain fields which have a high memorization burden for ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Finding segments in Praat textgrids

I need to find the second to last segment in a segment tier (1) within a word on the word tier (3). So far, I have: # Find the word in the word tier n = Get number of intervals: 3 for i to n label$ ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

What's the linguistic term for the process of turning a noun to article+[measure word]+noun?

What's the linguistic term for the process of turning a to ' + [measure word] + ' (<> indicates necessary element, and [] optional) in general? What I mean is for example English: apple -> an ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

sign languages and mute people

Wikipedia has a lot of information about sign languages spoken around the world and references them as being spoken by deaf people. What I don't understand is, why wouldn't such languages also be used ...
-1
votes
0answers
45 views

Word stress syllable [on hold]

Is there anyone to help me to answer this question. Stress the following according to the American structuralist tradition: follow permit potato
0
votes
0answers
52 views

Can someone explain this sentence from Dartmouth's German page?

Was perusing the page (you can find it here), I came across the paragraph "That said, word order is a complex aspect of language, never wholly mastered by non-native speakers. What is the idea ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

phonetic transcription of english prefixes and suffixes [migrated]

[EDITED TO FIT WITHIN OBSCURE REQUIREMENTS] I'm looking at the pronunciation of English words in British and American. And I've realised that though many dictionaries include inflected forms, they ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

The process of language acquisition

As far psycholinguistics is concerned, what does the concept of language acquisition means that is to say first language acquisition for child? Starting from this definition: language acquisition is ...
0
votes
2answers
60 views

Syntax - difference between modifiers and complements in NPs?

Here are two NPs: their incredible story of the trip in space (complement) the noisy yellow airplanes that scared the children in the yard (post modifier) Why is it that certain nouns takes ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

I am looking for Danish/Dutch/English/Finnish/French/German/Italian/Norwegian/Spanish/Swedish/Turkish sms corpora

for my dissertation I am looking for sms corpora. I am mainly interested in automatic sms notifications that are sent to users when they buy things online or pay using credit cards (confirmation ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Is it universal among languages to go up with the voice at end of questions? [duplicate]

In the languages I know (German, English, French, Portuguese), you usually go up with the voice at the end of a question. Is this an universal "feature" of languages or are there languages were this ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

How is IPrA going to change the way we transcribe prosody?

There are some proposals for IPrA (International Prosodic Alphabet, similar to IPA but for prosody). The meeting for IPrA (link to UCLA webpage on the topic) is planning to be held in BU in mid 2016. ...
1
vote
2answers
75 views

The drop/weakening of “h” sound in General American English

I noticed that the speakers with the General American accent occasionally weaken the "h" sound in words like "had" e.g. "You had this and that." becomes kind of like "You ad this and that." (I can't ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

Is there a common method of transcribing prosody?

I've seen diacritics corresponding to tones (in tonal languages), but asides from that I haven't come across a system for transcribing prosody in my studies. Is there a popular convention people use?
1
vote
0answers
58 views

What are some languages that have largest set of characters?

What are some languages that have largest set of letters (like alphabet or kanji) aside from Chinese and Japanese?
1
vote
0answers
72 views

What are these letters in medieval arabic script? [closed]

This question is not about translation, but about linguistic paleography. What are these letters of text written in red ink and what is their meaning? I can't find these first two letters shape in ...
1
vote
0answers
58 views

Is this letter ق pronounced almost same in Arabic and Persian?

In Persian langauge there are two letters which have same pronounciation when spelled with vowels, they are غ andق, in Arabic there is aslo a 'ق', i want to know do the two 'ق' have the same or ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

How did the letter “v” come to represent the voiced labio dental fricative?

When I learned Latin we were taught classical pronunciation. When it came to the letter "v" we were taught to pronounce it as /w/. It was also explained that many people (my parents, for example) had ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Why do they say 'un día domingo' in Spanish? [migrated]

Is there a technical linguistic term for this? It seems unusual to use two nouns, 'day', and 'Saturday', back to back. Where can I learn more about this?
0
votes
2answers
56 views

What is the most expressive language you can make using 20 words? [closed]

I am looking to create a language that has no more than 20 words. What 20 words can I use that, when combined with each other, can be used to say basic things. Example: a word for small + a word for ...
2
votes
1answer
141 views

Wraparound writing system?

I don't know if linguistics is the right place to ask about writing systems (and if not please let me know where to look) but here's the question. When reading something, I often find that when I ...
4
votes
4answers
145 views

Is honorific “uncle” common across the languages of the world?

In Russian and English (and as far as I know Chinese) it's customary for kids to use honorific "uncle" when addressing elders by name (as a kid, you'd rather call an adult "uncle John" than "John", ...
-3
votes
1answer
44 views

Adjunct vs disjunct [closed]

What is the difference between an adjunct and disjunct? How can I distinguish between the two? Please, I will be very thankful if you give me some examples.
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Bare-NP Adverbs in German

There is a special class of noun phrases in English that have the ability to function as adverbial modifiers, unaccompanied by a preposition or any other indicator of adjunct status. These are the ...
4
votes
0answers
96 views

Understanding Symbols in Chomsky's *Logical Structure of Linguistic Theory*

I've been reading Chomsky's The Logical Structure of Linguistic Theory, and have come up rather suddenly against a stumbling block. On page 133, he uses without explanation some notation that's ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

French Pronunciation Dictionary

Is there a French pronunciation dictionary on the web like CMU English dictionary? Thanks.
0
votes
2answers
119 views

Two and Three; Four and Five; Six and Seven are paired by their first letters T, F, S

What I said in the title above seems to be roughly true in the European languages that I have checked, so my question is: Could ancient Indo-European, or a precursor of it, used a suffix that meant ...
1
vote
2answers
90 views

Degree of difference between language ans its ancestor

I know that languages change over time and they also diverge, which should decrease mutual intelligibility, but usually they do so in the way that keeps bunch of languages more or less together, while ...
-2
votes
0answers
45 views

How might 'to count, reason' have evolved to mean 'a religious rite'?

This for this motivated me to research further into the etymons of the English 'rite' (⟸ Latin 'ritus'). [Wiktionary:] Possibly from Proto-Indo-European *h₂rei-. Further research revealed this ...
1
vote
2answers
87 views

Any script or character set that has upper vs. lower distinction on characters other than letters?

Scripts or character sets that have lower and upper case versions on letters are called bicameral (Roman, Greek and Cyrillic) and other scripts where there is no such casing are called unicameral. ...
3
votes
1answer
95 views

How do you draw a Dependency tree diagram of a verbless clause such as “Me too”?

In Constituency Grammar (CG), I guess that you would consider "Me" the subject and "too" the predicate. Hence, no problem drawing a tree diagram out of "Me too" in CG. On the other hand, Dependency ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Sociolinguistics VS Rhetoric

Can anyone tell me major differences between rhetoric and sociolinguistics? And what theoretical commonalities they share? I'm a rhetoric student, and I'm looking to go to grad school, but I'm not ...
1
vote
4answers
173 views

What are the state-of-the-art English syntax theories there are that can explain all the English syntax phenomena?

Both Dependency Grammar (DG) and Constituency Grammar (CG) are a tool to describe the syntax of any natural language in general. The language whose syntax is to be described in DG or CG doesn't have ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

Old Norse name for Balts (Baltic people)?

Is there a word in Old Norse vocabulary for Balts (Baltic people)? How about regions of nowadays Latvia, particularly for Courland?
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Split-INFL Hypothesis and X-Bar Theory

According to the Split-INFL hypothesis, the subject of a sentence moves from the specifier of the predicate to SpecTP to satisfy the EPP and lastly to SpecAgrSP to obtain NOM case. Is there any reason ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Any suggestions for real-time phonetic analysis packages?

I'm writing some software that will need to do a bit of phonetic analysis. Are there any programs, libraries, or software packages that I can extend to my program which are commonly used for real-time ...

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