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Is there a comprehensive list of conceptual metaphors? (Either man-made, crowdsourced or based on data-mining / corpora analysis.)

By a conceptual metaphor I mean a relation in the spirit of George Lakoff and Mark Johnson’s "Metaphors We Live By", e.g. Time is Something Moving Toward You:

When Tuesday comes...
Three O'clock is approaching.
Thursday passed without incident.
The witching hour is near.

The only dictionary I am aware of is (only for English, only 207 metaphors).


The previous link is dead. Try mirrors:

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I think this question could use some clarification. Lists are not the best thing on the SE sites, but if you could narrow it so to make this list very scoped, I may keep it. – Alenanno Apr 15 '12 at 10:55
Here 'a list' is a single object (i.e. I don't expect people to write metaphors by hand, just to point to a list). I can use 'dictionary' but I don't know if it is the best word. I can narrow it to English, if it is beneficial. – Piotr Migdal Apr 15 '12 at 12:20
did you actually find an answer to your question? I am looking for a comprehensive list as well.. – mariannaBol Feb 1 '14 at 12:54
Unfortunately, no. – Piotr Migdal Feb 1 '14 at 13:16
The link to the Conceptual Metaphor Home Page ( is no longer valid. However, the following is a mirror/copy of it: – user1039348 Jan 9 '15 at 6:48

No. The only one I'm aware of is the list you mention. The reason is that relatively few people in linguistics actually still use the X IS Y format (mostly you find it in relatively superficial treatments). Most people see metaphor as much more complex and having a single list would simply lead to proliferation of metaphors like "ENVIRONMENTAL CLEANLINESS IS EU NATIONALISM" (made up example). So I think if we brought together a list of metaphor thus identified in the literature, we'd have a rather embarrassing mixture of various agendas. It would be an interesting project for someone, though. I once started compiling a list of metaphors used in education by people who were inspired by Lakoff and Johnson but didn't get very far.

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