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From Proto-Germanic *mann-, whence also Old English mann, Old High German man.


Descendants Old English: mann, man; manna English: man Old Frisian: man, mon West Frisian: man Old Saxon: man Old Dutch: man Dutch: man, men Afrikaans: man Old High German: man German: Mann, man Old Norse: maðr Icelandic: maður Faroese: maður Norwegian: mann Old Swedish: maþer, mander, man Swedish: man Old Danish: man Danish: mand Gothic: (manna)

Old Norse must have undergone some kind of sound change, otherwise the "d" would be remained in other branches, including English.

Or it is just an element form another Old Norse word? Moreover, the "r" is also unknown to me.

Is there any other example?

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the cluster -nr- often becomes -ndr- with epenthetic /d/. –  Mark Beadles Oct 13 '12 at 19:40
@MarkBeadles Thank you!! Another problem to me is the intrusive "r", I hope to find out why it's also there. –  archenoo Oct 14 '12 at 9:58
That's not intrusive - -r is a masculine nominative infection in e.g. Old Norse. –  Mark Beadles Oct 14 '12 at 16:54
@MarkBeadles Thanks a lot, the function of "r" becomes clear, Thank you again! –  archenoo Oct 15 '12 at 14:24
Interesting. Sort of the opposite of linguistics.stackexchange.com/questions/2650/…. –  Mechanical snail Oct 15 '12 at 22:33

1 Answer 1

up vote 1 down vote accepted

In Old Norse, the sequence -nnr(-) becomes -ðr(-). It's just a rule of Old Norse. You'll find it described in any grammar of Old Norse.

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Very helpful!Thank you!! –  archenoo Dec 3 '12 at 15:06

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