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Does any body know how old-Persian numeral were used and provide some example?

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(source of image is Unicode characters maps)

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Your question seems a little too broad... :) The answerer would need to make a research for each of these (unless there is a common resource, but I doubt that). –  Alenanno Nov 25 '12 at 14:42
    
I was going to point you at Daniels & Bright, The World's Writing Systems, but I find that though it covers scripts of those names, it doesn't have anything on numerical notation for them. –  Colin Fine Nov 25 '12 at 16:29
    
Are you interested in the ideographs (how they were written) or how they were pronounced? –  Alex B. Nov 25 '12 at 20:57
    
As something to start with (on Old Persian), pp. 256-258, also Table 7.17 and Figure 7.2 in Chrisomalis, Stephen. 2010. Numerical notation: A comparative history. Cambridge: CUP. cambridge.org/us/knowledge/isbn/item2709599/?site_locale=en_US –  Alex B. Nov 25 '12 at 21:09
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@Alenanno "somewhat like" Roman, but not identical. The numerals I listed work for Old Persian. Yes, Roman had symbols for 5, 50, 500 instead of 2, 20 –  Mark Beadles Nov 27 '12 at 13:10
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1 Answer

up vote 3 down vote accepted

Old Persian numerals were treated somewhat like Roman numerals: they were based on juxtaposition or addition[PDF], and not place-value [PDF] like Arabic, Mayan, or Bablylonian numerals

Unlike Roman, the numerals were always placed in a single direction (largest-value-on-the-left); there was no subtractive notation like IV for 4. Also, Roman had symbols for 5 (V), 50 (L), 500 (D) instead of 2, 20.

So n Old Persian, "5" was 2 2 1 and "18" was 10 2 2 2 2. Decimal 453 would have been 100 100 100 100 20 20 10 2 1.

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