As Cerberus told you in his comment, we can't really be 100% sure. Well, if we had the chance to go back in time and collect every written material then we could have a chance but that's impossible, for now.
What we can do is study the material that got to us and formulate hypotheses using that material. Old English was roughly between the V (5th, 400 AD) and the XII century (13th, 1200 AD), when it was already mostly developing into Middle English. But these are arbitrary dates. I mean, Old English didn't suddenly start at the V century. That is the date where we're sure it was already enough present and that it had those certain features that we attribute to Old English.
And not to mention that what we call Old English for simplification was actually a co-existence of four dialects: Mercian, Northumbrian, Kentish, and West Saxon. The one that emerged, for political reasons, was this last one.
The changes occurred between this period of time and the XV century on the language were so deep and drastic that they make this old phase of English basically incomprehensible to the typical speaker of Modern English. Pick a piece from the Beowulf and ask a native that hasn't studied to read it and tell you what it's saying: he won't be able to do it because they are really different.
So what material do we have? Alfred the Great by the IX century, who favored the union of the various kingdoms/regions, also favored the "english" culture through two measures. An educative program focused, on one side on the study of Latin for the ecclesiastics, and on the other side on providing the most significative texts for translation.
Thus the Anglo-saxon prose was born through translating texts:
- Historia - Beda;
- Cura Pastoralis and Dialogi Miraculorum - Pope Gregory I;
- parts of the Bible;
- De consolatione philosophiae - Boethius.
Then we had the homiletic production by Wulfstan, who composed Sermo Lupi ad Anglos in 1014, and Ælfric, who composed the 120 sermons divided in three series, where the first two formed the Homiliae catholicae and the third Passiones sanctorum.
By the X century, most of the anglo-saxon poetic patrimony is represented by four manuscripts:
- the manuscript Junius;
- the manuscript Vercelli;
- the manuscript Exeter;
- the manuscript Cotton Vitellius A XV, better known as the Manuscript of Beowulf.
We actually have more material (Cædmon, Cynewulf) but I think that the basic answer to your question relies in what I said up to now.