The literary language and language varieties spoken from the Middle East to North Africa of the Afro-Asiatic language family

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4
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191 views

What is the phonetic reason for the occurence Sun and Moon letters in Arabic?

In Arabic, letters (or more accurately phonemes) are categroised into two categories: Sun letter and Moon letter in regard to what happen if we add Al (the) to them. Moon letters don't cause any ...
8
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3answers
192 views

Why does ISO 639-3 have many language codes for Arabic but only one for English?

ISO 639-3 has many language codes for Arabic, but only one for English. I'm an Arab who is familiar with multiple Arabic dialects. We do not call it anything but "لهجات" which is translated to ...
2
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2answers
70 views

Are these spellings the same? [closed]

I have virtually zero knowledge on arabic. Different sites have the following sequence of letters of verse 2:201 Quran.com Quranx.com Tanzil.net Are these highlighted words same or different ?
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2answers
71 views

Grammatical term for inflectable conjunctions as used in the Arabic language(s)

Conjunctions in the Arabic language can be inflected be adding an affix that indicates the pronoun. E.g. the conjunction 'because' is لِأَن (li'ann), and 'because you' yields لِأَنك (li'annak). ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

Order of components within measurement units in RTL languages

This question is about measurement units in languages written in right-to-left (RTL) scripts such as Arabic, Hebrew, Urdu, Malay, Farsi, etc. and their country-specific variants (for example, Arabic ...
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1answer
62 views

What does this mean in arabic? (picture) [closed]

A friend of mine got an arabic tatoo or something, and I want to surprise her that I know what it means. Can you please tell me
2
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5answers
151 views

how to produce pharyngeal sounds?

i just started self-studying arabic and i'm having trouble producing some of the sounds, specifically ض (ḍad), ظ (ẓa), ص (ṣad) and ط (ṭa). all four are pharyngealized fricatives/plosives and although ...
1
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0answers
83 views

What are these letters in medieval arabic script? [closed]

This question is not about translation, but about linguistic paleography. What are these letters of text written in red ink and what is their meaning? I can't find these first two letters shape in ...
2
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0answers
72 views

Is this letter ق pronounced almost same in Arabic and Persian?

In Persian langauge there are two letters which have same pronounciation when spelled with vowels, they are غ andق, in Arabic there is aslo a 'ق', i want to know do the two 'ق' have the same or ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

Arabic calligraphy - understanding markings [closed]

A friend of mine is trying to make an atheist t-shirt with just the beginning of the shahada. Does this look like it has been cut correctly? What are the commas and upside commas on this piece of ...
0
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1answer
60 views

Any suggestion for Classical Arabic language online dictionary or PDF?

Can anybody suggest me the websites or PDFs from where I can get the meaning and etymology of Classical Arabic terms or any online dictionary of Classical Arabic language or any PDF of that ...
0
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1answer
115 views

Do the words “dolphin” and “الدلفين” in English and Arabic have the same origin?

The word dolphin is used in may languages including English and Arabic (الدلفين) But it seems Arabic dictionaries say originally it has been darfil while Oxford dictionary says it is derived from the ...
2
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2answers
499 views

Why is the number 7 often used in Twitter usernames of Arabic speakers? [duplicate]

I noticed this trend in some data I'm working with and am searching for an explanation.
3
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2answers
213 views

Is it arabic name for Austria نمسا borrowed from Proto-Slavic?

Can someone cite reliable source about Serbo-Croatian (Proto-Slavic) etymology of Arabic word for Austria نمسا (nimsa)? It's sounds very dubious for me. I suppose that we have no evidence of intensive ...
7
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3answers
749 views

Teaching my son Arabic [closed]

I recently had a meeting with my son's teacher. In the meeting she suggested that I stop teaching him arabic and focus only on English. Arabic is a big part of our family. She said only with reading ...
0
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2answers
129 views

Why do transcriptions from Arabic contain numbers instead of letters?

When I was looking for some Arabic lyrics I was wondering why there are numbers inbetween letters in some words (eg. "Aw3a Tes2ny" or "7obak"). Is there a reason behind this?
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2answers
1k views

Why don't some Arabic letters appear in the alphabet list?

I've got a printout of the Arabic alphabet, reproduced below. The trouble is when I look at certain words, I can't make out what letters are in there. For example, the Arabic word for camel is جمل. ...
0
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1answer
75 views

How are numerals written in Arabic?

How are multi-digit numbers written in Arabic? For example, if someone wanted to write 123, would they write "321" from the right or in some other way?
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2answers
86 views

Is there an order of difficulty for MSA?

Has an order of grammatical difficulty for Modern Standard Arabic been discovered (or proposed) similar to that found for L2 learners of English?
5
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3answers
251 views

What is the linguistic term for an environment where parents teach a second language to their children in lieu of the parents' native language?

For example, Lebanon is an Arabic-speaking country. However, many parents insist on speaking to their children exclusively in English or French and refuse or severely limit the use of Arabic. Is there ...
2
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1answer
103 views

Concerning Semitic Pronunciation of Pharyngeal Letters

So a popular theory in the pronunciation of Hebrew is that "Biblical Hebrew" (or, at the very least, Hebrew up to the point to the fall of the Second Temple and well into the 8th century CE) had ...
2
votes
2answers
142 views

fattha, qasra, damma in google arabic translate

I am trying to learn Arabic using a combination of Arabic for Dummies (AFD) and Google Translate. AFD seems to use transliteration while Google uses actual script. However, there seem to be ...
2
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2answers
179 views

Learning Arabic through roots

I am currently trying to learn Arabic but think that instead of learning vocabulary piece by piece, it would be better to learn the root consonants for nouns, adjectives and verbs and rules for vowels ...
5
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2answers
137 views

Arabic word stress in the presence of an elided hamza (“hamzat al-waSl”)

Word stress in MSA follows a precise set of rules, which are described consistently in various Arabic grammar textbooks, e.g. Ryding's "A Reference Grammar of Modern Standard Arabic" (2005). However, ...
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3answers
249 views

non-concatenative morphology in written arabic?

How could you explain or analyze these written Arabic from the non-concatenative morphology point of view? These verbs are derived from nouns. bakkala (to buckle) bukla (buckle) tilifu:n ...
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2answers
178 views

is الدنيا (ad-duniya) in the arabic sentence واضرب لهم مثل الحياة الدنيا regarded as na'at (an adjective)?

In the Madinah Arabic Course videos, the lecturer says that the word الدنيا in the above is na'at (adjective) for مثل. Isn't الحياة mudaf ilaihi (possessed noun) for مثل and الدنيا is mudaf ilaihi ...
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2answers
222 views

Etymology: Arabic falaha, German pflügen, English to plough

Could there be some connection between Arabic falaha meaning to till the soil and German pflügen, Pflug or English plough, to plough?
4
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2answers
348 views

Arabic and Persian loans in Turkish

Both Persian and Turkish - as have other "islamic" languages - have a great deal of Arabic vocabulary. Due to an (initially) favourable vowel inventory (and maybe due to the same script being used) ...
0
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2answers
287 views

Is there any etymological motivation for “I-slam”, “I-srael”, “Mu-slim” and “I-smael”?

Background Looking at old German orthographies, the long-s (ſ) spelling of the following five words (and I have not found any others so far) contradicts the spelling systematics of all other words: ...
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0answers
162 views

Is there any borrowing between the word “Park” and the Arabic word “Bark”?

The Arabic word "Bark" comes from the root B-R-K ب ر ك which means stopping, and staying still, and all of its words branches from it. The word "Bark" بَرْك in particular means herd of camels sitting, ...
2
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3answers
532 views

Can the word “prairie” be derived from the arabic word “barary”

I've found a great similarity between the two words and their meanings. "Barary" براري in Arabic is the plural form of "Barr-īyah" بَرِّيَّة, from the word "Barr" meaning land, with the nisbah suffix ...
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0answers
193 views

I am looking for an Arabic ngram corpus

I am working in a project where i need to use an ngram model. So, i want to know if an Arabic ngram corpus exist. I have tried to find a corpus but all my researches failed. I know that for languages ...
0
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1answer
104 views

Explain الموقع فايلات اكسيل noun phrase in Arabic

I have the following Arabic sentence and I am interested in the last three words which create a noun phrase. This np is translated as "Site Vaalat Excel" by google, which does not tell me much. ...
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0answers
1k views

Is there any relation between Sanskrit 'kalam' of Kalamasutra and Arabic 'al-kalam'?

In this text, acknowledged by both Theravada and Mahayana traditions as sacred, Buddha gives his speech to Kalamas. According to the dictionaries, the primal Sanskrit meaning of the word कलम (kalama) ...
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2answers
126 views

what's the difference between kisfan (كِسَفًا) and kisafan (كِسَفًا) in Arabic? [closed]

What's the difference between kisfan (كِسْفًا) and kisafan (كِسَفًا) in Arabic ? Also, what is the singular of it ? If possible (optional), give a suggestion how to search for its meaning in Lisan al ...
3
votes
1answer
153 views

Arabic Diacritization List

I wonder if there is any academical resource on the diacritization of Arabic words. Almost all Arabic text is written without diacritics and it is quite challenging to learn all the words. Thanks in ...
5
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2answers
118 views

How are foreign terms incorporated into the Arabic system of vowel alternation?

I don't know much at all about the specifics of Arabic grammar, so this question might not make sense, but as I understand it, most Arabic words consist of a three-consonant root with vowels inserted ...
3
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1answer
190 views

Gulf Arabic vowels allophones

No matter how much I browse, I cannot find any true researcher's really precise and accurate data on the issue. Actually, I cannot find any Gulf Arabic Phonology compendium, so any help will be ...
4
votes
2answers
588 views

If the Arabic script is suited to Arabic grammar, how do speakers of non-Semitic languages cope with it?

The Arabic script is an Abjad writing system or consonantal alphabet. Most letters stand for a consonant, and short vowels are usually not indicated (but can exceptionally be indicated with diacritic ...
4
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2answers
417 views

Is the Fifa'a language of Saudi Arabia a dialect of Arabic or a separate language?

A Saudi friend on our sister site, travel.stackexchange.com, was just telling me there is an isolated language in his country called "Fifa'a", but that nothing is written about it on the internet as ...
2
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1answer
837 views

In which modern-day country's borders did Arabic start?

We had a discussion going in the Travel Chat about where the Arabic language originated (assuming borders had stayed the same throughout history). Some websites have suggested Egypt, others Yemen, ...
3
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2answers
424 views

Hebrew - Arabic grammar book

I've been searching for quite a long time for a Hebrew-Arabic grammar book to study both languages in more depth at the same time while being able to compare similar roots and the root system for ...
-1
votes
1answer
210 views

Mostly Arabic text with some English

I was asked to help proofread an Arabic language (right-to-left) flyer with some English (left-to-right) text: Right now it reads: بطاقة المساعدة الغذائية مقبولة من Local Farm Market اسواق المزارعين ...
2
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2answers
358 views

Is the word “abjad” borrowed from Arabic or was it coined in English then borrowed by Arabic?

"Abjad" is a technical term for a kind of writing system which is used when contrasting them with other writing system types such as alphabets, abugidas, and syllabaries. There is also an Arabic word ...
4
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4answers
584 views

Is the similarity between the Arabic word Gayyid and the English word Good due to a borrowing?

Why is the Arabic word جید (jayyid) which is pronounced gayyid in Egypt and means good, so similar to the word good or the German word gut? Is it a borrowing? (since the word for good is very ...
3
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2answers
644 views

Can the root ש ל ם be used to mean “Submission”?

In Arabic, the root S-L-M (س ل م) has a general meaning of "Peace", but can also be used for "Submission" (such as in the words Islam/Muslim). Given the close relation between Hebrew and Arabic, I'm ...
2
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3answers
628 views

Similarity between Salut in French and Salaam in Arabic

I noticed a similarity between the word Salut in French and the word سلام in Arabic which is pronounced Salaam and they both mean "safety and well-being" and are both used as a general greeting to ...
9
votes
3answers
311 views

The Koran: anything special about this book linguistically?

I'm learning Arabic right now, and the Arabs seem to all hold this book in high regard. Obviously, many for merely religious reasons. However, I've found numerous people that reference it as some sort ...
7
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3answers
454 views

Mutual lexical borrowings between Arabic, Persian and Turkish: a reference request

As an occasional learner of these languages, I find the linguistic situation of Arabic, Persian and Turkish very interesting: they are three genetically unrelated languages (if you stick to ...
9
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3answers
1k views

Why does Spanish have so many diphthongs compared to other Romance languages?

I have studied and known Spanish my whole life, and got a job at a University where I am allowed to take some free classes. Over the past three years, I have taken all the Italian classes offered, all ...