Languages that lack native speakers but formerly had native speakers.

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2
votes
1answer
53 views

How are dead languages reconstructed?

I'm really interested in Biblical studies, so I've often wondered this about the languages in the Bible. Namely, Greek (Koine), Hebrew, and Aramaic. I've tried looking into it, but I've never really ...
3
votes
1answer
42 views

Current prospective efforts in the decipherment of ancient scripts

Reading a bit about the decipherment of ancient scripts gave me the impression that those scripts which remain mostly undeciphered as of today have such a small and restricted corpus (I'm thinking of ...
0
votes
0answers
57 views

How can you learn to read older dialects of your first language(s)?

(TL;DR) Abbreviate ED as earlier dialects of your modern first language(s). I desire to read writing written in only ED (eg: philosophy written in English or French dated from 1400) and NOT in ...
1
vote
2answers
125 views

Is there any characteristic that is unique to North Germanic languages?

Is there any characteristic that is unique to the North Germanic languages (Swedish, Danish, Norweigan, Faroese, Icelandic) and the dead ones (such as Old West Norse, Old East Norse, Norn, Proto-Norse)...
0
votes
1answer
85 views

Which two languages are the most unlike each other? [closed]

So, which two existing languages are the least like each other?
2
votes
1answer
157 views

Gir15 cuneiform is esh2 homograph?

I was unable to find a cuneiform for Sumerian (Akkadian?) ĝir15 (as in ki-en-ĝir15) in the unicode character database (cuneiform namelist) .. however, according to ePSD, it seems that it has the same ...
3
votes
2answers
156 views

What can one gain from learning language constructed for books or films, like Sindarin? [closed]

I know about people who learn, use and even develop the constructed languages created for books or films, such as Sindarin. Most of them are doing it because of a very geek interest in the topic, or ...
2
votes
1answer
167 views

Are there any active Classical Latin users nowadays?

Are there any groups of active Classical Latin users nowadays? By active I mean they meet regularly and speak in classical Latin, or make some videos/vlogs/podcasts or present lectures.
13
votes
2answers
3k views

How are languages deciphered?

How do archaeologists, cryptoanalysts and linguists decipher extinct languages? Has there been a case in history where this was successfully accomplished, without the means of something like the ...
9
votes
4answers
281 views

How is grammaticality judged in dead languages?

As far as I know, linguists determine grammaticality by judgement tests. Native speakers are presented with several types of utterances and, based on their intuition, they can judge each of these ...
7
votes
5answers
558 views

Outside of Modern Hebrew, do any previously dead languages have native speakers again?

What previously dead (i.e. no more native speakers) or remnant (i.e. not very well or hardly documented) languages have been revived to the point that there are native speakers? Accounts of revival ...