Dialects are varieties of a language that differ in systematic ways from each other but are mutually intelligible.

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Why is the word “Puyallup” difficult for most English speakers to pronounce?

Why linguistically the word of the city of Puyallup is difficult for non Seattleites to pronounce? It only contains sounds found in English.
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Filipino versus Tagalog

Is the only difference between Filipino and Tagalog the alphabet used to transcribe the various associated words?-Thanks.
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97 views

Are British and American English two different dialects?

I'm facing a difficulty in understanding what exactly is a dialect. I've read many definitions, but I need an example in order to understand them. Can we say that British English and American English ...
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Where did the “ch” (tsh) shound come from in Old French

According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, the Latin letter "c" was adopted in Gaul to represent both the Latin sound "k" and the Gallic dialectical sound "tsh", but later "ch" was used to represent "...
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43 views

Can Dari be understood by everyone in Afghanistan?

I was told that in Afghanistan there are two major languages Pashto and Dari, and when you live in Afghanistan you will find that almost all the Afghanistanis could speak Dari and fewer people could ...
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Accents and dialects

How are dialects formed? Are they always a diverging branch from the main language or can they be the fruit of a converging process between different languages because of cultural pressure? Also, ...
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190 views

Can Italians understand dialects such as Ligurian and Venetian?

Can Italians speaking the modern Italian dialect (which is derived from Tuscan) understand old Italian dialects such as Ligurian and Venetian? What would the English analog be? Would it be like ...
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Are any dialects of English known to have a partial meet-meat merger?

For many dialects of English (including my own) multiple historical lexical sets are merged into one "FLEECE" set (this diaphoneme can be represented with IPA /iː/). I've read about the basics of the ...
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72 views

Symbols to indicate different dialects in text

I'm writing a cross-dialectical description with three distinct dialects, and would like to indicate with a superscript symbol which dialect a given word/phrase comes from to aid the reader. I thought ...
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131 views

Where does my weird way of saying 'no' comes from?

At least in the region of Brazil where I come from (triângulo mineiro, Brazilian Texas I'd say ;) ) people have a very weird way of saying 'no' to others. I discovered that it was weird after moving ...
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Is diphthongising [ʌ] as [ʌɪ] novel or an accent feature?

I have noticed some speakers diphthongising [ʌ] as [ʌɪ]. For example, in Bea Miller’s Young Blood, she pronounces “young blood” as [jʌɪŋ blʌɪd] and “us” as [ʌɪs]. Has this been documented elsewhere? ...
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How distinct do two language varieties need to be in order to consider their alternating usage to be an act of code-switching?

I was recently thinking about code-switching (i.e. switching between languages within a sentence, social exchange, phrase, etc.) Would switching between dialects or accents of the same language under ...
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136 views

Globalized mass-media deterring language or dialects differentiation

I was wondering about how strong are the region-wide or country-wide mass-media institutions (be them newspapers or TV channels) as deterrent of language or dialects differentiation. For example, a ...
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What quantity-level of mutual intelligible words are needed for claiming dialects to be languages?

There are much debate of when two dialects become languages. Apart from non-linguistic reasons like politics, quality of understanding is most often used to decide whether two dialects are effectively ...
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143 views

Other than Scottish rolled “r” and North American rhotacised vowels, are there any differences across “r” sounds in English dialects?

I'm wondering about subtle differences in /r/ sounds across varieties of English. By subtle I mean I want to ignore the obvious large differences such as the trilled "r" in Scottish English and the ...
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Dictionary of English Dialects

I am working on simulating what changing the English orthography (s.t. it would be (more) transparent) would do to the reading process. A natural question that arises is: If the spelling is tailored ...
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1answer
67 views

What's the difference between separated languages and a separated dialects? [duplicate]

In the context of international languages, i've seen multiple instances of languages that are mutually intelligible but are considered different languages: Serbian and Croatian Luxembourgish and ...
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136 views

How different are Urdu and Hindi?

My family are Pakistani, but I never learned Urdu as a child. I'd like to learn a little, primarily as a means of keeping this part of my heritage alive. However, the pragmatist in me realizes that ...
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233 views

For the 'ch' sound in Chilean Spanish, do these symbols differ?

I am researching dialects in Chilean Spanish , and one feature that is often mentioned (and one that you can hear all across Chile in conversation) is the varying pronunciation of the 'ch' sound. I ...
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144 views

fattha, qasra, damma in google arabic translate

I am trying to learn Arabic using a combination of Arabic for Dummies (AFD) and Google Translate. AFD seems to use transliteration while Google uses actual script. However, there seem to be ...
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219 views

Are there any words, morphemes, or particles in any Chinese / Sinitic languages or dialects which don't have a set Hanzi character?

I am pretty sure that some of the spoken varieties of modern Sinitic languages include words, morphemes, and/or particles which don't have a set written form. Now I'm aware that some words or ...
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317 views

Are Indian languages distinct or do they differ in dialect?

I speak Malayalam, one of the Indian languages and also Hindi but there are always common words which I assume are original Sanskrit words? So are the languages truly distinct or can I say the ...
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Consensus among linguists about Ryukyuan varieties of Japonic

I had the impression that linguists these days generally consider there to be a Japonic language family consisting of Standard Japanese, the Ryukyuan languages including Okinawan, and Hachijo, spoken ...
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What is the sociocultural purpose of banning slang in schools?

There was an article in the Guardian recently about a headteacher in the Black Country banning the use of local dialect in school: (http://www.theguardian.com/educa...) He says he's seeing children ...
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Strong accents and rural areas correlation

(I'm not a linguist, just a Stack Exchange user who thought this site is the one for this question) It is often the case that people living in rural areas (in any country) have a "stronger", less ...
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622 views

What's the difference between bidialect and diglossia? [duplicate]

According to what I have studied before, when a person speaks a dialect just "in the street" and uses one dialect else "in the school", he is a bi-dialectal person. Now, I have been faced with "...
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Role of educated speakers in language standardisation

Language standardisation has variously been described, for example by Einar Haugen, as a process involving the selection, codification, acceptance, and elaboration of a linguistic norm. I'm concerned ...
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What can dialectology contribute to psycho- or neurolinguistics - or the other way around?

Dialectology is the study of geographical varieties of a language. The study of (for example) older dialects of English (such as the dialect spoken in the Northeast of England around Newcastle) and ...
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Is the Fifa'a language of Saudi Arabia a dialect of Arabic or a separate language?

A Saudi friend on our sister site, travel.stackexchange.com, was just telling me there is an isolated language in his country called "Fifa'a", but that nothing is written about it on the internet as ...
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Is there any evidence that modern telecommunication slows dialect differentiation?

Consider the area that includes Western Washington and Western Oregon. As many of us know, most English-speakers who were raised in this area speak more or less the same variety of English. ...
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What are the most specific features of Tuscan dialect of Italian?

And is Tuscan regarded as a dialect or as a language by modern Italian linguists? I am interested mostly in its lexical peculiarities, but some interesting features of syntax would be of a great ...
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197 views

What is the history of Eastern and Western Armenian dialects?

Are there any regular phonetical correspondences between grammatical patterns of both dialects? Which one is thought to be the 'real' Armenian? When and how did the dialects split? Is Western ...
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To what extent do African dialects of Italian differ from their European counterparts?

According to Wikipedia, Italian is spoken to some degree in Libya, Eritrea and Federal Republic of Somalia. Are there in Africa any clearly different varieties of this language which have distinct ...
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Are there any dialectological works for Serbia/Serbia & Montenegro/Yugoslavia?

I am looking for dialectological works for the area of former Yugoslavia, though I am most interested in Serbia and Montenegro. I can't really find any, other that the kind of maps on wikipedia ...
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Is there a convenient tool for drawing (dialect) maps?

I need to draw a dialect map, splitting an area up into differently coloured regions. Is there an online tool for creating dialect maps? Of course, any map drawing tool where I can take an existing ...
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207 views

Getting familiar with accents

Would it not be nice to have a site from which people can listen to different phrases in different languages with each phrase having the following characteristics, in any combination: Sample ...
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Is the taxonomy of Mongol dialects in Inner Mongolia changing?

Mongols are a tribal society: they form numerous tribes and clans. During feudalistic periods, there were political categorizations. During Qing rule, tribal units were used to define political units ...
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How is Nigerian Standard English categorized?

From what I can tell, the only nontrivial difference between Nigerian Standard English and the catalog of commonly referenced dialects of English is that Nigerian Standard English has a different ...
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Why do people singing in English sound like Americans?

This is just my observation, but it seems like Standard American English lacks any distinct accent when speaking. Listen to almost any person singing with an accent, and they sound like any American ...
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Is it possible for a non-native version of a language to be classed as a dialect?

I know pretty much what constitutes a dialect for native speakers of a language, but I wonder if countries that don't speak it as a primary language, but have a large segment of the population that is ...
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Are variations normally less frequent within written forms of a language than spoken versions of the same language?

Wondering if my observation that variations normally are less frequent within written forms of a language than spoken versions of the same language is correct. If this is the case, why? For example, ...
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What's the difference between a form of a language and a dialect of a language?

I was wondering what's the difference between a form of a language and a dialect of a language? For example, Wikipedia states that British English is a form of English and not a dialect of English. ...
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997 views

Does accent/dialect prestige rely on socio-cultural bias or on acoustics?

Is there any evidence that implies that accent/dialect prestige is formed due to the sounds of accents (i.e. something to back up statements like an accent being "harsh sounding") or is it really just ...
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349 views

How does individual linguistic behavior relate to one's attitude of language politics in Norwegian?

In his great answer to this question, the user kaleissin alluded to something that I've been particularly interested in, so I want to turn it into a question of its own to all Norwegian and non-...
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What defines a unique writing style?

I'm an amateur writer that happens to be a professional programmer. I say this because I've recently jumped back into a personal research project in which the goal is to automate the de-anonymization ...
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390 views

What is the distribution of English dialects that pronounce -day as -[deɪ] vs -[di]?

The days of the week in English, such as Monday, are sometimes pronounced with a final -[deɪ] and sometimes with a final -[di]. For example, Merriam-Webster gives Monday as \ˈmən-(ˌ)dā, -dē\ and ...
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What makes a language identifiable and distinguishable from other languages and their dialects?

Old English has neither common pronunciation, nor alphabet (written letters), nor most words with modern English. What made Old English to be identifiable as English? What separates a language from ...
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What is the term for, and a list of, “continuous dialects”?

I remember reading that Portuguese and Spanish are really just extremes on a continuum of a dialects. That is, if one travels slowly from (for example) Madrid to Lisbon, one would note nothing more ...
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How are languages and dialects distinguished from one another?

Are there any cases where two varieties of the same language are treated as separate languages, or where two distinct languages are treated as varieties of the same language. If so, why?
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What is the primary phonological difference between dialects, vowels or consonants?

Not considering things like vocabulary or syntax (if that is possible), what phonological differences make the most telling distinction between two dialects, is it the vowels or the consonants? ...