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1answer
46 views

What is the current status of (systemic) functional grammar/linguistics

I'm sorry if my questions may sound rudimentary, so please bear with me. :-) I'm thinking of delving deeper into functional grammar/linguistics (most probably systemic in particular), perhaps with ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

What is the best introduction to Chomskyan linguistics?

Although my main interest is historical lingustics, I would also like to get a hint of the modern studies of syntax and generative grammar, and as far as I know, Chomsky is currently the most ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

Syntax-semantics interface

In books on generative syntax it is often said that LF itself becomes an input to the so-called syntax-semantics interface to satisfy some conditions (e.g. to get rid of uninterpretable values). But ...
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2answers
91 views

Syntax presupposed by Heim and Kratzer

Heim and Kratzer's "Semantics in Generative Grammar", bases its semantics on some version of transformational syntax. However, it is remarkably inexplicit about formalising the syntax it presupposes ...
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0answers
25 views

About ECMs and considering Adjective Phrases as predicates

I'll just jump right to it. I'm given the following sentence - "We remembered the scary dream", with the instructions to draw an X-Bar, and decide whether this is an ECM or a normal control type. ...
0
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3answers
142 views

How do formal theories analyse the syntax of polysynthetic languages?

How is syntax of polysynthetic languages (e.g. Inuktitut, Mohawk) represented in formal theories of syntax? In many cases, a sentence consists of only one or two words so the syntax tree is rather ...
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2answers
125 views

Where did generative semantics go wrong? Why was their conception of language faulty?

Where did generative semantics go wrong? Why was their conception of language faulty? What were the main weaknesses of generative semantics adherents' claim that "a grammar starts with a description ...
0
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0answers
51 views

markov chains in text generation

I'm a beginner in natural language processing, what is the disadvantages of using markov chains in text generation versus using productive grammars? any help or keywords? thanks.
4
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2answers
301 views

What's the difference between structural and generative linguistics?

It seems to me that generative linguistics presupposes the structuralist tradition. Are there any major differences between these two methods?
1
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1answer
57 views

Isn´t there a contradiction between 'feature-checking' and 'no tampering'?

I have always perceived an inherent contradiction between Chomsky's 'no tampering' idea and ANY version of Merge (or any Merge-like operation) driven - under the principle of Economy - by the need for ...
0
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1answer
119 views

What is the structure of the sentence “For Bill to have been arrested so soon was disappointing.” according to the GB theory

Please consider the following: (0) For Bill to have been arrested so soon was disappointing. (1) ?It was disappointing for Bill to have been arrested so soon. If the sentence (1) is grammatical, it ...
2
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2answers
112 views

Resources to Chomsky's Universal Grammar

I need a list of resources to Chomsky's theory of universal grammar and generative grammar that help me from zero to recent-research level [I myself do formal mathematical logic and am not totally ...
0
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2answers
156 views

Is a sentence's deep structure representative of i-language?

That is to say, is the deep structure supposed to be what's happening in our head when we speak a language? Or is this just to make our model of a grammar consistent?
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3answers
485 views

What is the relation between formal grammar and generative grammar?

I am having trouble figuring out the relation between formal grammar and generative grammar. Is one a superclass of another, are they distinct, or are they identical? So far I've checked my notes, ...
1
vote
1answer
132 views

Could “him” refer to “Bill” in the following sentence?

Consider the following sentence John wants him to be special more fervently than Bill's mother does. Cf. John believes him to be smart more fervently than Bill's mother does. (?*him=Bill)
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0answers
103 views

Hypotheses for floating quantifier's positions in generative grammar

Regarding the floating quantifiers' theory on external argument's movement. These data raises two different problems: a) The dogs ALL should have been petted. b) *The dogs should have been ALL ...
1
vote
1answer
135 views

Why doesn't the subject prevent WH- extraction of an internal argument?

I think this is a very basic question. Whom will you invite? Why doesn't the subject you block the movement of whom? I'll try an answer: the movement of whom is not an A-movement because it ...
5
votes
2answers
143 views

Syntax of exceptives (generative syntax)

How would you analyse the following sentence (in generative syntax): No one but John attended the meeting? (an example is taken from von Fintel's 1993 paper on exceptive constructions). I'm ...
5
votes
1answer
576 views

Could anyone give examples of context-sensitive sentences that cannot be generated by context-free rules?

Could anyone give examples of context-sensitive sentences that cannot be generated by context-free rules? To clarify, they are generated by rules including at least one that is in the form αβγ→αψγ, ...
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0answers
145 views

Pronominalization: a handbook for secret agents [closed]

I recently learnt that Edward Witten, the world's best string theorist Wikipedia entry, wrote a paper on generative grammar, called "Pronominalization: a handbook for secret agents", as you ...
2
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2answers
148 views

Introduction to Strict Cyclicity

Does anyone have any good references for an introduction to the theory of strict cyclicity within Generative Phonology?
2
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1answer
119 views

Do generative linguists use spoken-word corpora?

Do generative linguists use spoken-word corpora for data? Offhand, I don't see why at least some of them wouldn't. I'm not suggesting that the use of spoken-word corpora vs. documented native ...
0
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0answers
57 views

Are languages of different types described by different structures in language trees?

This thought occured to me after having a closed question read here. I drew five language trees for a same sentence rendered in five different languages, and the result was quite interesting. ...
3
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2answers
654 views

Limits on center-embedding in English

Consider the following extremely melodramatic story fragment (the sentences in the story, and its melodramatic character, set up context and motivation for the brain to parse an otherwise ...
1
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1answer
395 views

Why is the definite, indefinite, and partitive article grouped together?

According to this answer to the question : Do some languages have articles besides the definite and indefinite articles? It is worth noting, I think, that "article" is not a theoretical ...
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7answers
2k views

What are some alternatives to Chomskian generative grammar?

What are the other common approaches to study syntax? Note: the source is an example question from the on-topic question list in Area51.