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3
votes
1answer
89 views

What is the relation between formal grammar and generative grammar?

I am having trouble figuring out the relation between formal grammar and generative grammar. Is one a superclass of another, are they distinct, or are they identical? So far I've checked my notes, ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

Could “him” refer to “Bill” in the following sentence?

Consider the following sentence John wants him to be special more fervently than Bill's mother does. Cf. John believes him to be smart more fervently than Bill's mother does. (?*him=Bill)
0
votes
0answers
85 views

Hypotheses for floating quantifier's positions in generative grammar

Regarding the floating quantifiers' theory on external argument's movement. These data raises two different problems: a) The dogs ALL should have been petted. b) *The dogs should have been ALL ...
1
vote
1answer
120 views

Why doesn't the subject prevent WH- extraction of an internal argument?

I think this is a very basic question. Whom will you invite? Why doesn't the subject you block the movement of whom? I'll try an answer: the movement of whom is not an A-movement because it ...
5
votes
2answers
116 views

Syntax of exceptives (generative syntax)

How would you analyse the following sentence (in generative syntax): No one but John attended the meeting? (an example is taken from von Fintel's 1993 paper on exceptive constructions). I'm ...
4
votes
2answers
248 views

Could anyone give examples of context-sensitive sentences that cannot be generated by context-free rules?

Could anyone give examples of context-sensitive sentences that cannot be generated by context-free rules? To clarify, they are generated by rules including at least one that is in the form αβγ→αψγ, ...
2
votes
0answers
90 views

Pronominalization: a handbook for secret agents [closed]

I recently learnt that Edward Witten, the world's best string theorist Wikipedia entry, wrote a paper on generative grammar, called "Pronominalization: a handbook for secret agents", as you ...
2
votes
0answers
72 views

Introduction to Strict Cyclicity

Does anyone have any good references for an introduction to the theory of strict cyclicity within Generative Phonology?
2
votes
1answer
107 views

Do generative linguists use spoken-word corpora?

Do generative linguists use spoken-word corpora for data? Offhand, I don't see why at least some of them wouldn't. I'm not suggesting that the use of spoken-word corpora vs. documented native ...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

Are languages of different types described by different structures in language trees?

This thought occured to me after having a closed question read here. I drew five language trees for a same sentence rendered in five different languages, and the result was quite interesting. ...
3
votes
2answers
430 views

Limits on center-embedding in English

Consider the following extremely melodramatic story fragment (the sentences in the story, and its melodramatic character, set up context and motivation for the brain to parse an otherwise ...
1
vote
1answer
302 views

Why is the definite, indefinite, and partitive article grouped together?

According to this answer to the question : Do some languages have articles besides the definite and indefinite articles? It is worth noting, I think, that "article" is not a theoretical ...
19
votes
7answers
1k views

What are some alternatives to Chomskian generative grammar?

What are the other common approaches to study syntax? Note: the source is an example question from the on-topic question list in Area51.