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2answers
88 views

Syntax presupposed by Heim and Kratzer

Heim and Kratzer's "Semantics in Generative Grammar", bases its semantics on some version of transformational syntax. However, it is remarkably inexplicit about formalising the syntax it presupposes ...
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2answers
56 views

Analogs of Lambek grammar that can encode structural ambiguity?

My understanding (mistaken, see below) is that in basic lambek/categorial grammar, the basic objects are strings. Does anyone know of variants where one can have multiple trees for the same string?
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2answers
369 views

Functionalism vs Formalism?

I'm trying to really understand the difference between linguistic functionalism and formalism, but I can't find any good concrete examples of either. From what I can tell, functionalism is a sort of ...
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0answers
37 views

Parallel dependency grammars

Is there something like ParGram but dependency-based? Note that I'm not looking for a corpus but for a formal grammar (set of rules) with a parser and a corpus of test sentences.
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1answer
76 views

What is the most comprehensive context-free grammar for English?

I realize how hard it is to develop a CFG to model an arbitrary English sentence. Some valid discussion points for this topic can be found here: Is there an EBNF that covers all of English? However, ...
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0answers
44 views

Formal definition of English grammar

I saw on a related question some mentions of a formal grammar definition for English. It is mentioning there a definition called English Resource Grammar. Perhaps anyone here would know about loosely ...
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0answers
90 views

Van Wijngaarden grammar - concrete examples?

I stumbled across this Wikipedia article on Van Wijngaarden grammar. This cut-down quote of the intro paragraph picks out the elements that I found tantalizingly interesting: ... Van Wijngaarden ...
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3answers
147 views

Is there a paradigmatic formalism for dependency grammars?

When looking on the web, wikipedia for example, at the concept of constituent, it is associated with the concept of phrase structure, and rather quickly with context-free languages (as the ...
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1answer
151 views

Are Backus–Naur Form (BNF) and Extended Backus–Naur Form metalanguages or metasyntax?

From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extended_Backus–Naur_Form Extended Backus–Naur Form (EBNF) is a family of metasyntax notations, any of which can be used to express a context-free grammar. ...
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1answer
63 views

Is a formal grammar of a formal language a formal language?

From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meta In linguistics, a grammar is considered as being expressed in a metalanguage, language that operates on a higher level in order to describe properties of the ...
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1answer
117 views

Is there any phrase where common syntax fails?

Are there any phrases were a conventional grammar gives multiple syntactic analysis for the same phrase (without changing the meaning) or even fails to give a consistent structure? I thought about ...
2
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1answer
189 views

How does a dependency grammar generate strings?

Theoretically speaking, if I were to use a rule-based approach to generate grammatically correct strings for a language L, I would implement a phrase structure grammar G = (V, T, R, S) consisting of ...
1
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1answer
138 views

Application of Regular grammar in English Language

Am doing a practical application of formal languages to English Language. Am able to understand the CF grammars with respect to english very easily. (i.e.), for example, CF's are used to ensure ...
3
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1answer
370 views

Grammar for language L = {ww ∣ w ∈ {a,b,c} * }

I am new to linguistics and trying to understand how to construct a grammar. I am however having issues on this. L= {ww ∣ w ∈ {a,b,c} ∗ } is a linear indexed language, how can I construct the ...
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1answer
565 views

Could anyone give examples of context-sensitive sentences that cannot be generated by context-free rules?

Could anyone give examples of context-sensitive sentences that cannot be generated by context-free rules? To clarify, they are generated by rules including at least one that is in the form αβγ→αψγ, ...
3
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2answers
475 views

Is the commutative CFG in the mathematical linguistics literature?

I am shocked that Linguists have not given a reasonably small canonical computationally precise representation of any natural language yet, so I wrote a recent EL&U post to explain how one does ...
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1answer
815 views

Semantic head vs Syntactic head parsing

I've run into "semantic head parsing" and "syntactic head parsing" and while I think I have a feel for the difference, I was wondering if anyone could give a more concrete definition or reference to ...
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7answers
2k views

What are some alternatives to Chomskian generative grammar?

What are the other common approaches to study syntax? Note: the source is an example question from the on-topic question list in Area51.