Official language of both South and North Korea, normally written in a script called Hangul, and widely believed to be a language isolate.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

-3
votes
0answers
21 views

Help translate Weekly Idol caption [on hold]

Hello! I tried to translate this caption in english... I tried google translate but the grammar seems off... so I tried translating word per word, tried my own grammar and I came up with this: "Won't ...
1
vote
2answers
123 views

When transliterating English words to Korean, why does the first F become a ㅎ?

(EDIT: this question now has a new home at http://korean.stackexchange.com/) (Please visit http://korean.stackexchange.com/ for questions about Korean language) Most Korean words and sounds do not ...
2
votes
2answers
137 views

Looking for korean text corpus

I'm looking for a list of text corpus for korean. Is there any web site where I can find it? Regards.
3
votes
1answer
113 views

Irregular Fortition(경음화, 된소리 되기) in Modern Korean

I'm asking this question as a non-linguist native Korean speaker. I will use the word "fortition" as a translation of 경음화 or 된소리 되기. The Standard Korean (표준어) does define some complicated rules for ...
2
votes
1answer
227 views

Why does gang-nam and viet-nam both contain nam meaning south when one is in Korean the other Vietnamese?

Does anyone know why there is a character that is common to both the Koreans and the Vietnamese? Are there any other examples of these kind of similarity?
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Is the social relationship between listener and referent grammatically realized in japanese or korean?

I know that the social relationship between speaker, listener and referent are grammatically realized in japanese and korean. I know there are different levels for the relation between speaker/...
2
votes
1answer
116 views

“Regarding” in Korean and Japanese

To mark what is being regarded in Japanese is について (nitsuite), and in Korean, 에, but do these two concepts completely overlap? 돼지고기에 질렸어요. I got tired of pork Would a translation into Japanese ...
1
vote
1answer
203 views

The true place of articulation of Korean affricates

About a month ago I began studying Korean and I am now at a stage where I have some familiarity with the writing system and the phonology. A native speaker is available to me, and while she tells me ...
5
votes
2answers
915 views

need to understand infinitive

What is the easiest way to understand what an infinitive is? How do I know which verb in which sentence is an infinitive? For example, let us take this website: Infinitive This is the example I am ...
1
vote
1answer
200 views

Does Korean have two classes of adjectives correlating to the -i and -na adjectives of Japanese?

It's widely claimed that Japanese and Korean have very similar grammars despite their differences in (non Chinese-derived) lexicon. Whether they're actually genetically related can be regarded as an ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

What was the most usual and most recent system of writing Korean without any hangul at all?

It's proving quite difficult to learn some of the facts about written Korean before hangul was given official status by the government. We know that metal movable type printing was inventing in ...
2
votes
2answers
265 views

Are there other languages where pronouns behave like they do in Japanese, Korean, and Ryukyuan?

In Japanese and Korean (and I have to assume the Okinawan / Ryukyuan languages also), pronouns are quite different from most other languages from most families in at least two ways I can think of: ...
4
votes
4answers
486 views

Can the Chinese script be used to record non-Chinese languages?

I know of at least 3 countries in the Sinosphere that have historically used the Chinese script (or scripts derived from it) - Vietnam, Korea, and Japan. So how did it work? Did they use it to read ...
8
votes
1answer
369 views

Is it accurate - Chinese Wikipedia on Japanese/Korean classification

I'm not very updated on random theories regarding the Altaic theory (which I personally am agnostic about; though I slant towards not believing in it due to the extreme lack of any regular sound ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Relationship between Turkish/Azeri and Japanese/Korean

How are Turkish and Azeri related to Japanese and Korean? Are there obvious similarities between them?
4
votes
1answer
202 views

Where can orthographic Korean words be split at the end of a line?

Unlike Chinese and Japanese, Korean does employ spaces between words. What constitutes a lexical word differs from what constitutes an orthographic word. For instance, particles which can is some ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Korean syllable-final ㅅ in Hangul transcription of loanwords

Why are English loanwords ending in /d/ or /t/ systematically transcribed into Hangul syllables ending in ㅅ rather than ㄷ? This seems strange, since when ㅅ is followed by a vowel, the coda is realised ...
4
votes
1answer
382 views

Criteria for separating Korean words

The rules for when whitespace is required/permitted in Korean are not obvious, but are not explicitly discussed in any grammars or textbooks I have access to. I can infer this much: Between ...
6
votes
4answers
12k views

How to distinguish Korean “ㅔ” /e/ and “ㅐ” /ɛ/?

I've always had trouble with the distinction between the "e"-like vowels in European languages: /e/ vs /ɛ/. But pronouncing them the same has never caused me any problems. In fact I don't even know ...
2
votes
1answer
373 views

Rules of Yale Romanization of Korean

This is kind of a specific question, though it appears there is no StackExchange forum for the Korean language... What are the specific rules in Yale Romanization of Korean with regard to where to ...
8
votes
4answers
425 views

How common is a topic particle beyond just Japanese and Korean?

Both Japanese and Korean are "topic-comment" languages and both have an explicit topic particle. (I believe Chinese might be an example of a topic-comment language without a topic particle but I may ...
10
votes
2answers
444 views

Are there other pairs of languages that are as close grammatically despite not being in the same language family as Korean and Japanese?

Though there are many theories grouping Korean and Japanese in the same family, none of these are widely accepted by linguists. Yet the grammars of these two languages are extremely similar in many ...
19
votes
5answers
4k views

How did Korean become a language isolate?

According to most linguists, Korean is a language isolate. Why doesn't it have any sister languages, like languages usually do? Why didn't it spread to other areas, or split into various languages? ...
16
votes
5answers
1k views

Are the Japanese and Korean subject particles known to be related in any way, including by Sprachbund?

Japanese and Korean have strikingly similar grammars but whether they are related or not is an open question. Both languages have a particle to mark the grammatical subject of a sentence and in fact ...