The study of language learning, especially the processes by which first languages are learned by children.

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Do difficult native languages slow down early education?

Do students from countries that teach native languages considered to be quite difficult (e.g. Japanese) generally take longer to master that language? Or does the power of being surrounded by a ...
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64 views

The sound “ka” or “cha” or “kha” means what ? e.g Khaalesi,Khan,Chan,Kaan

Especially in east geography (middle east, middle asia, asia) the words starting with Kha, ka, cha means like a leader or a king or a lord. Khaalesi (game of thrones character who living in east of ...
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33 views

Spoken Language Dataset of L2 Acquisition

Is there a publicly available dataset of spoken language for L2 acquisition? I would prefer children learning an L2, but any age range is fine. It would be great, but not necessary, to have speaking ...
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71 views

How do people learn a totally foreign language that has not been studied at all? [duplicate]

In modern times, there are countless ways of learning foreign languages, for example, through the Internet. But those languages are mostly well studied and understood, and a guideline on how to learn ...
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76 views

How and when do French children learn to select between masculine and feminine forms of words when referring to themselves?

I am interested in what knowledge we have regarding the process by which a young child acquiring French as a first language learns to choose correctly between the masculine and feminine forms of ...
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118 views

How do illiterate French people learn which pronunciation to use in different sentences?

Are there any studies on language acquisition for illiterate French people? Are they aware of the spelling of French words on a subconscious level to be able to pronounce them correctly in different ...
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47 views

Sources on average retention rate of language based on time [closed]

I am creating a language learning app and am interested in sources/publications which offer statistics on retention rate of languages over time. For example, I have data that my product taught ...
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23 views

On the programmatic creation of non-English 'syngraphs' for the purpose of lexicon study

I am a native English speaker. I have recently come to the conclusion that the main obstacle in my learning of foreign languages is always the study of the lexicon, which is vast and largely '...
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94 views

What is my first language: the one I'm more familiar with, or the one I learned first?

I was born in Korea and so Korean was the first language I learned. However, I moved to the US when I was one years old, and after I entered the school system, I quickly learned English. Now, I am ...
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207 views

What do we know about primary language loss?

Living for the past five years in countries in which English is not the native language has left me feeling that my use of my native tongue has somewhat diminished in daily speech. When I talk to my ...
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55 views

Has any research been done on the effect of introversion on language learning?

I am looking for any research that covers introversion, or more specifically, reluctance or inabilty to learn by speaking with others.
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80 views

Was a study published about some linguists who taught their children only a constructed language?

I heard a myth that group of linguists made an experiment with their own children and taught them only a artificial language (in that myth it was a loglan), but if it was true a scientific paper would ...
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118 views

If someone grows up bilingually, with what accent will they speak a third language they learn as an adult?

If someone grows up bilingually (say, a Mexican-American who's a native speaker of both English and Spanish), and they learn a third language (say, Mandarin), what accent will they speak it with? (Or ...
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59 views

How can you learn to read older dialects of your first language(s)?

(TL;DR) Abbreviate ED as earlier dialects of your modern first language(s). I desire to read writing written in only ED (eg: philosophy written in English or French dated from 1400) and NOT in ...
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113 views

Help us save a dying language with only 1 speaker left! [closed]

It's difficult to do this single-handedly, so I could use some professional help. :) I'm a professor of Ancient Egyptian (and cosmology as well, which means I'm a perfect target for conspiracy ...
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29 views

Null subjects in early child language

I'm currently reading the text "Remarks on early null subjects" by Luigi Rizzi for my linguistics exam in 2 months. I don't get why Rizzi differentiates between null constant and PRO as potential null ...
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124 views

How do Chomsky and Pinker's monolingualism explain their flaws about language acquisition? [closed]

Timsensei • 2 years ago Learning a new language can be a transformational experience. Monolinguals are in a state of non-transformation in this respect. Chomsky and Pinker may be famous in ...
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78 views

Long-term effects of foreign languages on memory

I've been speaking Dutch daily for 5 years. My mother tongue is Portuguese. I used to speak faster in Spanish and English when I thought in Portuguese daily. I think that by forcing myself to think ...
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80 views

Limitations on constructed languages for native speakers to be

Let's say I constructed a language L and taught it to a thousand people. In a few years, their level of proficiency is perfect. I ask them to only speak L from now on and send them to an island where ...
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3k views

How similar are Spanish and French?

I know that Spanish and French both belong to the Romance branch and they are very alike. But what I want to make clear is that how similar they are. I mean that if I have mastered one of them, how ...
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115 views

Could a language be reconstructed from a dictionary and lots of natural text?

Let's say aliens (someone completely new to the language) want to talk with users of it. They've obtained a complete dictionary, and a large selection of natural text (for this hypothetical situation, ...
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4answers
249 views

Does learning ancestral languages enrich a daughter language?

[Grammarphobia.com:] The study, published in 1973, offered this breakdown of sources [of English vocabulary]: Latin: 28.34%;  French: 28.3%;   Old and Middle English, Old Norse, and Dutch: 25%; ...
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308 views

What are the stages of child speech and language development and why?

What are the distinct stages, landmarks or milestones in language acquisition in regard to phonetic development? What is the order they're typically reached, and why is it that order? For instance, I ...
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181 views

What is my first language?

I learned two languages during the "critical period". The first language I was exposed to was my "mother tongue", and so I feel most comfortable speaking in it. I went through English schooling, and ...
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758 views

Teaching my son Arabic [closed]

I recently had a meeting with my son's teacher. In the meeting she suggested that I stop teaching him arabic and focus only on English. Arabic is a big part of our family. She said only with reading ...
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106 views

How do linguists or professional language learners learn new languages? [closed]

I'm curious as what methods "professional language learners" have developed to quickly acquire new languages. By this I mean people who make it a hobby or profession to learn languages. I imagine many ...
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116 views

What stats are available to estimate the possibly coming “World language”?

My definition of the "World language" is the language most people can understand and use as an international language—not necessarily the language most spoken. Background: A hater of English argued ...
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89 views

Is there an order of difficulty for MSA?

Has an order of grammatical difficulty for Modern Standard Arabic been discovered (or proposed) similar to that found for L2 learners of English?
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123 views

What method of teaching foreign languages is more effective?

In wikipedia i found a list of methods of teaching foreign languages - language pedagogy. But it's seems that we not have a well recognized method or methods, or more effective then others, or at ...
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140 views

L1 acquisition of morphology in heavily inflected languages

It is very common to hear two- and three-year-olds in English saying "I falled down," "She gived me it," etc. And the frequency of a verb form is inversely related to the age at which one is likely to ...
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35 views

neonatal syntax acquisition

How do infants use the patterns of distribution among closed class words to acquire syntax? Has anyone simulated the process? If we start formulating our theories as we begin to recognize words, and ...
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67 views

Language policies in education for Switzerland

In Switzerland there are 4 official languages, Italian, French, German and Romensch. How are the education laws on the places where each one of these languages is spoken? Do the public schools ...
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48 views

Language policies in education for Friesland

Friesland is a region in northern Netherlands where the Frisian language is spoken. As part of the Netherlands, Dutch is also spoken. So for natives of Frisian language there should be an educative ...
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56 views

What is the role of watching articulation in learning pronunciation?

It's obviously easier to pronounce and, perhaps even acquire, a sound or sequence not present in one's native language if one watches carefully a speaker's mouth. What is this phenomena called? Where ...
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185 views

Do native speakers of languages using logographic writing internally vocalize while reading?

I study Chinese as a second language. Listening is my strong point. When I read, I go through this process: see character  imagine myself speaking the pronunciation  think of meaning (from the ...
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88 views

Is it true that one can be bilingual in any pair of languages or are some languages 'incompatible' with one another when learned in childhood?

There are many stories of a child speaking several languages when his parents speak different languages. But languages can differ significantly, so I'm curious whether pairs of 'incompatible' ...
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125 views

How can I embed language proficiency assessment within an unrelated experiment design?

I'm in the process of designing a self-paced-reading & a grammaticality-judgment-task experiment, which should be performed by second language learners. It is crucial to the study is how the ...
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141 views

A multilingual home, a pro or a con?

My question is about the appropriate number of languages for a child to learn at home. I'm Finnish and me and my husband recently moved to Finland after living in Spain a few years. My husband's first ...
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198 views

Two tasks in one experiment design (self-paced-reading & grammaticality judgment)

For experiment design experts, I want to know if it's possible to design an experiment on PsychoPy or Open Sesame in which the subject does a self paced reading (with measuring the reading times for ...
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371 views

Teaching children Spanish and Esperanto at home from non-native speakers

A question has already been asked on teaching a child a foreign language if you aren't a native speaker, but the answers are mixed - the 'right' answer says languages can be taught by a non-native ...
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215 views

Is language really too complex for children?

One of the maxims of universal grammar is that children's language acquisition indicates the existence of a genetically preprogrammed language faculty. Because a child cannot master certain complex ...
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326 views

How do homonyms impact English Language Learners' comprehension?

I understand that homonyms are words that sound alike but have different meanings. They may or may not be spelled the same. For example, the word 'fair' is spelled and pronounced the same for three ...
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25k views

What is the difference between native language, first language, mother tongue and L1?

Note: I'm not a linguist, and I realize I might be treading in a grey area here. I'm wondering what the differences (and/or similarities) between native language, first language, mother tongue and L1 ...
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177 views

Mastering a foreign language without staying in a country to which the language is native [closed]

I am not a native English speaker. What I would like to understand is - if a non native speaker who’s got a fairly decent command on the language (in this case say English) speaks to his or her kid in ...
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96 views

What are the main factors that define the difference between spoken and written language acquisition?

I am writing an essay and could really do with some help. I am only interested in native language acquisition at this time, there seems to be many sources available on spoken language acquisition but ...
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218 views

Is it more difficult to learn Japanese or English for a Chinese?

For Europeans it's easier to learn English than Japanese. Is the the same true for Chinese? As far as measuring difficulty I would propose the amount of hours that you need to study the language to ...
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106 views

Is there a term for the error whereby two commonly co-occurring words are mistakenly learned as one?

Consider the following dialogue: "How are you, Juliet?" "Ohnot too bad" The child has evidently heard people saying responding to "How are you?" with "Oh, not too bad" and has come to learn "...
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352 views

There is evidence that domesticated animals (cats or dogs) understand human language?

Some pet owners seem to be able to speak to their cats or dogs. Is there any evidence that animals understand human languages? EDIT: By understand, i mean understanding of spoken language and ...
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2k views

Are there marked/“hard” phonemes that are acquired very late or never by a substantial number of speakers?

Marked phonemes are those that require more effort during articulation or are "harder" to articulate. For example, the interdental fricatives /θ/ and /ð/ are considered to be marked. Marked phonemes ...
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104 views

What kinds of evidence are used in order to discover how children acquire language & what are its limitations?

Could someone help me to breakdown what this question needs me to look at specifically!? 'Assess the state of language acquisition research in terms of the types of evidence that are used to support ...