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2
votes
2answers
188 views

What do all languages have in common? [closed]

What do all languages have in common ? I'm looking for a list of features (such as grammatical, semantic or phonetic elements) that are present in all natural languages.
2
votes
2answers
106 views

How to determine whether a given sentence is demanding an answer or is providing some information?

I tried with basic thing like whether question starts with who/what/.. but there are a lot many sentences which do not start with interrogative words but still demands an answer like "hotels in ...
6
votes
5answers
277 views

Is linguistics limited to natural languages?

Or would linguistics also include the study of accessory languages like esperanto, artificial languages like Klingon, or even programming languages?
4
votes
1answer
346 views

Could anyone give examples of context-sensitive sentences that cannot be generated by context-free rules?

Could anyone give examples of context-sensitive sentences that cannot be generated by context-free rules? To clarify, they are generated by rules including at least one that is in the form αβγ→αψγ, ...
4
votes
2answers
241 views

Why is Ivrit not considered an artificial language?

Why is Ivrit, the modern version of Hebrew, not considered an artificial language like for example Interlingua? From the history it looks like the language was dead except in clerical circles and ...
0
votes
0answers
86 views

Can natural languages be considered homoiconic?

I stumbled upon this thread and felt like I could get a more in-depth answer to this question here. Wikipedia article
0
votes
0answers
122 views

Is there a measure of how easy a sentence is to parse as a Natural Language problem?

Reading the news report for the AP Twitter hoax: Breaking: Two Explosions in the White House and Barack Obama is injured. I'm thinking this is the most unambiguous and perfect stock market bomb. ...
3
votes
2answers
511 views

What defines a language?

I'm reading around multimodal text and many of the readings I have come across (Kress, Halliday) seem to define language as spoken or written communication. That seems to exclude sign language and ...