Linguistic model that explains language structures through the interaction between conflicting constraints.

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Do well-formedness constraints just refer to prosodic structure?

In reading the literature on Optimality Theory, e.g. Kager (1999), every reference to well-formedness constraints refers to prosodic structure, especially syllable structure. It seems to me that ...
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44 views

Is it accurate to think of OT and auto-segmental phonology as offering explanations on how phones are derived from phonemes?

OT offers a tool to see how a surface structure is derived from an underlying one. Autosegmental phonology also allows us to see how a surface form can be derived from an underlying representation. ...
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113 views

Are there more languages with complex system of interrogative pronouns?

By 'complex system' I mean a system of interrogative pronouns which includes more than just 'animate/inanimate' classes of prounouns, like these of 'who' and 'what' in English (e.g. a special ...
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477 views

What is a PARSE constraint in optimality theory?

I've been looking online, but I can't find a nice description of it.
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214 views

Why is the process of word-final non-continuant deletion and nasal assimilation in Catalan opaque?

Catalan has a process whereby word-final non-continuants undergo deletion and nasal assimilation. For example /ben+k/ surfaces as [beŋ] 'I sell'. Why is this relation opaque? Note: I found this ...
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52 views

What are *L and *W used to denote in Optimality Theory

In certain papers on Optimality Theory (e.g. this paper by McCarthy, or this) the tableaus contain the notations *L and *W, as seen in the image below: What is meant by these notations? The second ...
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197 views

What are the benefits of a Stratal approach to Optimality Theory?

Optimality Theory has been adapted by some linguists to a stratified model, what are the benefits of such a model over a non-stratified model of OT?
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322 views

What is the universal set of constraints in Optimality Theory?

According to Diana Archangeli (1997) there is a universal set of constraints (CON) that is part of our innate knowledge of language. These constraints are used in Optimality Theory, such as NOCODA: ...
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470 views

What rule governs the vowel alternations in Latin caput/capit-/-cep(t)-/-cipit-/-ciput?

In different forms, the Latin root caput "head" appears with different vowels: a-u: caput (nominative singular); a-i: capitis (genitive singular), capitī (dative singular), capita (nominative ...
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242 views

What are some theoretical motivations for do-support?

I've been attempting to put together an overview of the various theoretical motivations that have been proposed for do-support in the literature, but the topic has been frustratingly difficult to ...
5
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276 views

Are certain phonological processes more likely to be surface true?

This question occurred to me when studying Optimality Theory phonology. For reduplication in OT, the base of the stem (/reduplicated part) is taken to be the input for the reduplicated morph. However, ...
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104 views

Constraint against multiple identical linkage in OT

I confess this question is rather theory-internal, but it may be very trivial for someone who follows the theoretical literature well. I am thinking of a type of constraint and want to know if such a ...
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1k views

What does Optimality Theory explain that rule-based phonology doesn't?

I understand how basic Optimality Theory (as applied to phonology) works, but I've never understood how it came into popularity. I'm guessing, though, that there are good reasons why it arose. So ...