The study of the production and perception of sounds or "phones".

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33 views

Clarify the Front - Back & Close - Open position & other positions in between in IPA vowel chart?

See the IPA vowel chart A front vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages. The defining characteristic of a front vowel is that the tongue is positioned as far in ...
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1answer
41 views

So, if we fix our mouth & tongue in a particular position then we can make ONE & ONLY ONE distinct vowel sound right?

Ok see the following IPA vowel chart Let say to make the long /i/ sound then the front of the tongue need to be as front as possible in the mouth and as close as possible to the roof of the mouth. ...
0
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1answer
19 views

Finding segments in Praat textgrids

I need to find the second to last segment in a segment tier (1) within a word on the word tier (3). So far, I have: # Find the word in the word tier n = Get number of intervals: 3 for i to n label$ ...
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0answers
45 views

Word stress syllable [on hold]

Is there anyone to help me to answer this question. Stress the following according to the American structuralist tradition: follow permit potato
1
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2answers
74 views

The drop/weakening of “h” sound in General American English

I noticed that the speakers with the General American accent occasionally weaken the "h" sound in words like "had" e.g. "You had this and that." becomes kind of like "You ad this and that." (I can't ...
0
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0answers
25 views

Any suggestions for real-time phonetic analysis packages?

I'm writing some software that will need to do a bit of phonetic analysis. Are there any programs, libraries, or software packages that I can extend to my program which are commonly used for real-time ...
0
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0answers
8 views

How can one measure loudness/intensity in a speech signal when there was no control for mic placement?

As part of a research project, I have to compare the loudness/intensity of speech on a few recordings of men and women. However, my colleague who made the recordings didn't control the placement of ...
3
votes
3answers
112 views

Should I use square brackets or slashes when transcribing an oral text in IPA?

I am transcribing an oral text into IPA in order to compare it with the "correct" pronunciation of words (e.g. according to the dictionary). I am using slashes for both versions, but it feels ...
0
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1answer
31 views

What is the most efficient way to compress “words”? [closed]

There are many ways a word can be expressed, or things a word is: With textual characters and a dictionary spelling, With phonetic symbols and a phonetic spelling With sound, a recording of the ...
1
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0answers
42 views

Similar sounds - phonemes, words and word-sequences

I'm looking for a way to identify words (single or in a sequence) that are audibly confusable (but not the same). So I'm looking for what could be described as "near heterographs"? If it helps, think ...
0
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1answer
53 views

which kind of phonetic symbol is it?

I read a electric dictionary in which the phonetic symbol are descirbed in the weird form. For example: afar / E5fB:(r); E`fBr/ which kind of phonetic symbol is it? Is there a full mapping ...
5
votes
3answers
119 views

Is it feasible to create an IPA adaptation for cats?

I was trying to transcribe my cat's noises into IPA. For example, her wanting to be petted is like [njæː] or [njaː]. But purring doesn't seem to fit any existing notation, except maybe [ʜ]. Has anyone ...
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votes
1answer
31 views

Do both phonetics and phonology deal with diacritics? [closed]

Do both phonetics and phonology deal with diacritics? Or is studying phonology is necessary for phoneticians and vice versa in the first place? I understand that phonetics focuses more on phones, ...
0
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1answer
27 views

The difference/realtionship between allophones and diaphonemes

I'm trying to understand the difference/relationship between the concepts "allophone" and "diaphoneme." The Wikipedia article for allophone says this: For example, [pʰ] (as in pin) and [p] (as ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

Acoustic difference in breathing in and breathing out

Many people can distinguish whether a person is inhaling or exhaling only by audio, even when the tongue and the lip position (=formants) is the same. That must mean there is a difference in the ...
0
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0answers
30 views

How to do a vowel continuum using Praat?

I was going to make a vowel continuum using two real sounds. I used the script below but the sounds I made all sounded similar...which means I didn't succeed in making a continuum... ...
2
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0answers
33 views

Uvular Fricative Trill vs Uvular Fricative vs Preüvular Fricative

I'm having trouble differentiating the uvular trill, uvular, and preüvular fricatives. While I understand that the preüvular variant is more fronted, it sounds to me like many acclaimed uvular ...
1
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1answer
77 views

Are Lana's “Yup!”s triphthongs?

At some point in the Archer series, Lana starts saying very emphatic Yup!s. I was recently wondering about triphthongs and whether they occur in English, and found the Wikipedia entry had only a few ...
0
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0answers
17 views

Forced alignment for a new language

Could anyone suggest what Forced Aligner should be the best for being modified to work with a new language (Bengali)? Which one should allow the most convenient way to train new language models and ...
0
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0answers
74 views

metathesis linguistic notation

znƷæbil /Ʒnzæbil/ Ginger /znƷæbil/ /Ʒnzæbil/ /nærƷin/ /ræanƷin/ /fænilæh/ /fælinæh/ /Ʒenzir/ /znƷir/ this is the data could you plz help me? can you help me to write the metathesis ...
0
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1answer
65 views

The phonological rules of metathesis and epenthesis

Could you provide me with the general rule of both metathesis and epenthesis? I can write the rules regarding specific case in metathesis and epenthesis but I couldn't find out the general rule.
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1answer
35 views

Generative phonology and segmental phonology

How can I know the difference between generative phonology and segmental phonology?
2
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1answer
64 views

Phoneticians versus phonologists

What is the difference between a phonetician and a phonologist? I've seen these two terms somewhere on this site but can't figure out the difference.
0
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1answer
29 views

Gliding from Unrounded to Rounded Vowels (or Vice Versa)

I've read that in most languages, front vowels are unrounded and back vowels are rounded. This helps make them more distinct from each other so as to be easier to hear in speech. However, different ...
4
votes
2answers
84 views

Is the sound “w” a velar or a bilabial consonant?

I am a bit confused about how to classify the sound "w" in English. In some books I find that it's a bilabial and in some others that it is a velar! What is right? Can it be both? In fact yes the ...
1
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1answer
77 views

Why are the names of some letters hard to understand on the telephone?

It is common experience that some letters are hard to understand when spelling a word in a telephone conversation. What exactly is the reason for this and is there any research as to which letters ...
0
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1answer
14 views

Are underspecified segments and archiphonemes represented identically in Feature Geometry?

It seems like Feature Geometry doesn't make reference to Archiphonemes - only Underspecified Segments. Is there a theoretically-motivated reason for this, if it is true?
0
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3answers
81 views

Which language is best to study phonetics? [closed]

I want to know about languages that make use of most number of phonemes and make use of most of the phonetic principles.
0
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1answer
21 views

Corpora Tools for Cataloguing and Phonetic Markup?

I'm creating an annotated corpus of poetry annotated with accent, alliteration, rhythm, and phonetics. I'd like it to handle and input poetry in multiple languages but still be able to add markup ...
0
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1answer
36 views

Allophones of an archiphoneme

In the short article on this webpage, the author provides an explanation of nasal variation in Spanish which makes use of an archiphoneme /N/. I put the relevant excerpt below. My question about this ...
0
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1answer
30 views

What is the relationship between minimum pitch effect and intensity?

I am using relative intensity as a metric for the degree of lenition in voiced stops. Several other papers use this metric but report the minimum pitch: (Warner and Tucker 2011: 1609 & Carrasco, ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

What is the difference between a phonetic syllable and a phonological syllable?

I understand the difference between phonetics and phonology of course, but I have trouble distinguishing the notion of syllable on the two levels. When I'm describing syllabic phenomena, how can I ...
0
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2answers
114 views

Does phonetics's definition of 'voiceless' differ from the absence of voice?

Preface: For differentiation, henceforth 'voiceless' means the phonetic definition; I define elinguis to mean a layperson's understanding of an absence of human voice or speech. Source: p 27, The ...
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2answers
115 views

What are these circle-like things on my spectrogram?

Hello. I know that it is probably hard to see because it's a small picture. If you zoom in a little on your internet browser you should be able to seem them better. At the end of the selected ...
2
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2answers
75 views

How is an archiphoneme represented on the phonetic level?

Consider an archiphoneme N that can be realized as n, ng, or as a nasal on a vowel depending on the context. Is this representation, below, standard i.e. with the archiphoneme as a capital letter on ...
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1answer
82 views

Can someone please explain the basic principles of optimality theory?

i am struggling to understand optimality theory. I want to make a research paper on the definiteness system in my dialect using that theory? plz help me
1
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2answers
55 views

Phonemic shift: voiced pharyngeal fricative to velar nasal

In most Semitic language, one of the phonemes is a voiced pharyngeal fricative (ע in Hebrew and ع in Arabic). However, in some dialects of Hebrew, namely Spanish-Portuguese, Dutch Ashkenazi, and ...
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2answers
115 views

Characteristics of Theoretical Linguistics [closed]

I've been asked by my professor to do a research about the characteristics of Theoretical Linguistics, and now I'm stuck. What are these characteristics that makes theoretical linguistics a ...
3
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3answers
116 views

Is syllable boundary properly annotated at the phonetic or phonological level?

Should syllable boundary be indicated in the phonetic and/or phoneme transcription? /dog.gi/ [dog.gi] 'doggy' /doggi/ [dog.gi] 'doggy' Or does the choice of one of the two strategies have certain ...
0
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3answers
72 views

Possible to describe phonetics before phonology of an unknown language?

Hypothetically, When describing the sound system of an unknown language, is there any scenario in which you may perform a phonetic analysis before a phonological one? I guess the standard approach is ...
1
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1answer
53 views

carry & marry [pronunciation] [closed]

Merriam Webster's dictionary provides two pronunciations for the word carry (\ˈka-rē, ˈker-ē\ ) as well as for marry ( \ˈmer-ē, ˈma-rē\ ). In both cases, the one I hear the most is the pronunciation ...
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0answers
43 views

How do you articulate the uvular trill, when you can already articulate the uvular fricative?

Key Assumptions: 1. My uncle speaks only General American English (so he cannot resort to other languages' phonetic inventories). Whenever he tries to phonate the uvular trill [ʀ], he fails and ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Difference between unreleased t and unreleased d

If both t and d are unreleased, as in the words let and led, how do you differentiate between them? Are the different lengths of the short e sound in both words and the context in which they are used ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

When do syllabic consonants occur?

Is there a set of rules to know when syllabic consonants (l, m, n, ng, r) occur in a word? For instance, I used to think that there was a schwa before the l, m, n, ng, and r in the words police, ...
1
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2answers
66 views

Have there ever been (serious) attempts to replace alphabets with phonetic alphabets?

Although many languages share the same alphabets, the pronunciation varies greatly. The letters and words alone do not convey sufficient information. Phonetic alphabets, on the other hand, are ...
0
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1answer
77 views

Are there resources that exploit phones of English, to teach how to phonate all IPA phones?

Preface: I use 'phonate' to mean: `to produce or to utter a phone'. After 5 years, I finally learned to phonate the Alveolar Trill [r], from an explanation that cleverly exploited English phonology ...
2
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0answers
54 views

Term For IPA Phonemes With Voiced/Unvoiced Pairs

Is there a term for phoneme pairs such as [p b] or [s z] which have a voiced and unvoiced variant? Additional Clarification: In an IPA table, sounds like [p] and [b] are usually paired in the same ...
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2answers
41 views

Stress in negative words and flap “d” in “don't”

I've learned that negative words like can't or don't are stressed in sentences. However, I've heard native speakers pronouncing phrases like I don't understand what's going on here, where don't is ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Does “d” weaken when it comes after “g” in word final position? [closed]

For example, in normal conversation, in words like engaged or encouraged, I notice that the d sounds really weak (almost unvoiced), especially when it comes before another consonant--as in We're very, ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

How to measure phonetic voicing during a stop closure?

concerning Praat. I am not entirely sure on how to measure the voicing during a stop closure. I marked the consonant closure duration. (You can see part of the vowel.) However, I cannot see where the ...