The study of the production and perception of sounds or "phones".

learn more… | top users | synonyms

3
votes
1answer
34 views

What, if any, prosodic information can be gleaned from a study of a waveform?

Can any sort of prosodic information (e.g. rhythm, intensity, pitch) be seen/understood just from a waveform alone (without reference to e.g. spectrograms)?
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Can any Praat scripts perform real-time analyses?

It seems that all Praat scripts operate on recordings. Is there any such thing as a script that performs an analysis "on the fly"?
0
votes
1answer
93 views

What name should be given to this allophone of /tʃ/?

I am a native English speaker, but when I make the sound which should be /tʃ/, I have been told that I begin it by placing the tip of my tongue briefly between my teeth, as if I was going to start a ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

Is syllable a phonetic or a phonological concept?

Is syllable a phonetic or a phonological concept? Consider 'syllable counting' as a task: would that be regarded as a phonetic task or phonological tasks? Would it depend on whether words are ...
4
votes
2answers
101 views

How to determine one's own native vowel phone repertoire?

I'm an armchair linguist. By this I mean it's been an absorbing hobby for decades by reading books and online and playing with many languages. But I've never taken any course or other kind of formal ...
0
votes
0answers
60 views

What is “accommodation” in phonetics?

What is "accommodation" in English? What types of accommodation are there? I've tried to search in the Internet, but I could not find proper information.
-1
votes
2answers
154 views

How many different distinctive sounds can an average human make?

If we wanted to create an all new alphabet composed of as much letters as possible, with each letter corresponding to one distinctive sound. What's the maximum amount of letters we could have? Oh and ...
4
votes
1answer
190 views

Question regarding leading “r” sounds in Japanese

I'll start by saying I'm not trained in formal linguistics. So I won't have the slightest qualms being told what I'm saying doesn't make too much sense. I'm a native speaker of American English. I've ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

A question about /t/ + fricative /r/ vs /tr/ affrication

So in most accents of English, /r/ is fricated when it follows /t/ and /d/ word-initially, and in some it has become a full affricate /tʃ/. If you were going to look at a spectrogram of this, how ...
2
votes
1answer
134 views

How much phonetic/phonological detail can be captured using IPA alone?

Although spectrograms contain much more detail, I'm curious how far phonologists and phoneticists can go with IPA alone. Can someone provide some examples of narrow, detail-rich IPA transcription for ...
5
votes
2answers
261 views

Correct syllabification in (American) English

I need to figure out what the proper syllabification of words in American English is and why. PLEASE NOTE: I am interested in syllabification from a phonetic point of view, not in terms of ...
4
votes
1answer
116 views

Are there tonal languages which use a rising intonation for questions?

I know that in the case of Mandarin Chinese questions do not end with any kind of rising tone unless the last morpheme in the sentence happens to have a rising tone. For questions which don't contain ...
0
votes
1answer
94 views

What is the linguistic name of /p͡r/?

I am creating a language called Knashta, and one of the phonemes is /p͡r/. I believe this sound would be a trilled affricate, and I'm guessing that it's name would be a voiceless bilabial alveolar ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

How can I align an image with the spectrogram in Praat?

I am looking for a way to create a new image display in praat that is aligned with the waveform and spectrogram. The image display must be an object in the object window. It must be groupable with the ...
3
votes
2answers
184 views

Understanding the STRUT vowel as a listener without the split

John Wells' Lexical Sets define a FOOT vowel /ʊ/ for words like 〈full〉, 〈look〉 and 〈could〉, and a STRUT vowel /ʌ/ for words like 〈cub〉, 〈rub〉 and 〈hum〉. However, I am from the North of England and do ...
2
votes
0answers
81 views

What is the linguistic name of [r͡ʙ]?

I am creating a language with the sound [r͡ʙ]. The only name I can come up for this sound would be a simultaneous bilabial and alveolar trill. Is there anything more scientific than that? It cannot ...
5
votes
1answer
129 views

Is the schwa nasalized before a nasal?

I know that vowels are nasalized before a nasal in the same syllable in English. I am wondering if this would include the schwa [ə] as well? Example, would the schwa in "restriction [rɪstrɪkʃən]" be ...
0
votes
0answers
53 views

What cognizable limits are there in Articulatory phonetics?

For example, I know that the tone component (like in Chinese) is absent in speech as it varies from time to time (it also depends on situation). Considering vowels there's an agreement to check only ...
1
vote
1answer
202 views

Is it possible to have an underlying phoneme in complementary distribution?

Might seem like a stupid question but I'm rather confused right now! :) Also if anyone has any answers to the following... Consider these phonetic forms of Hebrew words: [v] – [b] bika ‘lamented’ ...
3
votes
2answers
106 views

Do fricatives turn into affricates after nasal consonants, and why?

I have noticed in a word like sense, the 〈s〉 is pronounced not like a fricative but as the affricate [t͡s] because it is followed by the nasal consonant /n/. Is this phenomenon (a fricative turning ...
3
votes
2answers
149 views

Is jaw position essential or incidental in vowel production?

My classical voice teacher emphasizes an exercise where I am to sing through a sequence of vowels while maintaining the same open jaw position. The idea is that a singer should be able to produce ...
4
votes
1answer
81 views

Do some words have secondary or unintended click consonants?

I am currently trying to learn Tamil. My friend who is teaching me seems to be making a clicking sound with one word in particular, and she can't seem to tell she's making it. The word is குளம் ...
0
votes
1answer
106 views

Do people speaking Cantonese tend to sound hyponasal?

For those people coming speaking Cantonese, do they tend to sound hyponasal, when they speak Cantonese, and speak English? Thanks!
5
votes
1answer
75 views

Does the initial part of voiced consonants always have a low pitch?

The spectral graphs in the accepted answer of "What is the difference between voiced and voiceless stop consonants?" shows that in English, the initial part (before the stop release) of voiced stop ...
2
votes
2answers
96 views

Are voiced stops in English articulated in the same manner as their nasal counterparts before the stop release?

I have a question regarding the initial part of stop consonants in English. Let's take /b/, the voiced bilabial stop consonant, as an example. When I produce this consonant, prior to the stop ...
1
vote
0answers
137 views

Secondary articulation vs assimilation

I was teaching a linguistics class and I came across this topic "secondary articulation". It was the first time for me to hear the term. I had always known that the effect of a preceding or following ...
1
vote
0answers
104 views

What ocurrs when a non-strident consonant becomes strident in English?

What is happening when a sound in RP English usage is non-strident [ð] is replaced by a strident sound [v]? For instance, the word 'Father'.
5
votes
2answers
119 views

What, if any, difference is there between long vowels and a double vowels?

What, if any, difference is there between long vowels and a double vowels, i.e. consecutive identical vowels? For example, what is the difference between /i:/ and /ii/? Phonetically, could it be ...
2
votes
2answers
96 views

What is the phonological process whereby a speaker uses [ʊ] as a replacement for [l]?

What is the phonological process whereby a speaker would use [ʊ] as a replacement for [l]? Some examples off the top of my head; [lɪtl] -> [lɪtʊ], [gɪgl] -> [gɪgʊ], [twɪŋkl] -> [twɪŋkʊ]
2
votes
3answers
185 views

Can a phoneme function as an allophone?

Let's say some hypothetical language had the phones [g],[k],[ʔ],[h] and we determined /g/ to be the UR of the following allophones: /g/: [g],[k],[ʔ] But upon further examination, you may be able to ...
0
votes
1answer
122 views

Is the /k/ sound in McDonald considered syllabic? (and insertion of /@/ when pronouncing syllable onsets)

Using the formal syllable identification rules, you have the following (with an example pronunciation): MacDonald => Mac + Don + ald (`/məkdˈɒnl̩d/`) McDonald => McDon + ald (`/məkdˈɒnl̩d/`) ...
2
votes
0answers
127 views

Are nasals stop consonants?

Nasals: I must answer the question but I am not sure how to understand it... The question is: why nasals both can and cannot be treated as stop consonants? I thought that nasals cannot be stop ...
-1
votes
2answers
141 views

English: Why can’t you ever find [l] opposed to [ɫ]? And why can’t you ever find [h] opposed to [ŋ]?

I'm a not a native speaker and I just begun studying English. I'm not used to phonetics at all. I know that is has something to do with pronunciation, but I really don't have any idea. I'll be ...
2
votes
1answer
242 views

Does Mandarin Chinese have phonetically voiced plosives, fricatives, or affricates (besides “r” = [ʐ] / [ɻ])?

The various Wikipedia articles covering Standard Chinese all seem to agree that Mandarin does not have voiced plosives, fricatives, or affricates except for [ʐ] / [ɻ], written in Pinyin as "r". But ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

Why is /h/ called voiceless vowel phonetically, and /h/ consonant phonologically?

Why is /h/ called voiceless vowel phonetically, and /h/ consonant phonologically?
3
votes
1answer
174 views

Do any languages have half-voiced affricates?

While hearing something on the radio in Lisbon, I heard this phrase: A lei diz que tu não podes... (The law says you can't...) The word that interests me the most is the last one podes which is ...
0
votes
1answer
112 views

Characteristics of African American Vernacular English

The actor in this Youtube comedy video seems to be imitating African American Vernacular English (AAVE). I wonder how successful he is. The grammatical features seem to be pretty accurate: y'all as ...
0
votes
0answers
134 views

What is the consonant equivalent of Well's lexical sets for English vowels?

In Accents of English (1982), John C. Wells came up with a useful notation for English vowels that allows easy comparison of the pronunciation of English vowels in varieties of this language. This ...
2
votes
0answers
70 views

Gulf Arabic vowels allophones

No matter how much I browse, I cannot find any true researcher's really precise and accurate data on the issue. Actually, I cannot find any Gulf Arabic Phonology compendium, so any help will be ...
0
votes
1answer
384 views

Phonological vowel length in American English due to (t-)flapping

The following is a quote from a Wikipedia page on American English phonology and concerns flapping in American English: The flapping of intervocalic /t/ and /d/ to alveolar tap [ɾ] before ...
3
votes
1answer
268 views

Where can I find a dataset of language phoneme sets?

I'm looking for a dataset of phoneme sets for the most widely spoken languages. Something like the sort of thing available here: http://web.phonetik.uni-frankfurt.de/upsid.html though the data there ...
1
vote
0answers
160 views

Is a glottal stop common for vowel-initial words in Fenno-Baltic and Nordic languages?

The aforementioned languages form a certain language union, although they belong to different language families and even branches. The languages in question are all the Scandinavic languages ...
1
vote
0answers
2k views

What is juncture in phonetics and/or phonology?

What is juncture in phonetics and/or phonology? From the Wikipedia article on Juncture, I gathered that juncture is a phonological (and/or phonetic?) phenomenon that allows listeners/speakers of ...
6
votes
1answer
189 views

How do we know that Ancient Greek didn't have ejectives?

Ancient Greek had a three way contrast between voiced, unvoiced, and aspirated stops. It seems to be assumed that the unvoiced stops were pulmonic, but how do we know this? A fact that may or may not ...
1
vote
3answers
401 views

Software request: Spectrograms that represent intensity with a colour gradient

There is a range of computer programs that can represent acoustic energy graphically in a spectrogram. I usually use Praat, which uses a black and white gradient to represent the intensity of energy ...
3
votes
0answers
85 views

What are Georgian harmonic clusters phonetically?

According to Georgian: A Reading Grammar by Howard I. Aronson, Georgian has many "harmonic clusters" consisting of two consonants pronounced with only a single release. (The consonants must be stops ...
3
votes
2answers
439 views

Are there marked/“hard” phonemes that are acquired very late or never by a substantial number of speakers?

Marked phonemes are those that require more effort during articulation or are "harder" to articulate. For example, the interdental fricatives /θ/ and /ð/ are considered to be marked. Marked phonemes ...
4
votes
1answer
433 views

How do sentence intonation and (syllable-based) tone interact in tone languages?

Tone languages use intonation to distinguish words. For example, in Mandarin Chinese mā with a mid tone means mom mǎ with a rising tone means horse Intonation languages do not make such ...
2
votes
0answers
353 views

How can I distinguish different consonants in Praat/acoustic analysis?

How can I distinguish different consonants based on acoustic information/spectrographic analysis such as in Praat? Is there a list of acoustic cues for different consonants like there is for average ...
3
votes
0answers
87 views

Are click sounds accompanied by specific formant transitions?

Is it possible to identify click sounds like [‖ ʘ !] by formant transitions in the surrounding vowels? I know stops and fricatives have that feature. I'm just wondering how the five (main) click ...