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1answer
64 views

Why is “h” of “-ham” dropped in English place names?

In English, "h" in suffix "-ham" (originated from Old English "home") are skipped when pronouncing so "-ham" sound like "-am". Examples are "Fulham", "Tottenham" etc etc. My question is what causes ...
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0answers
54 views

Sources for etymologies of Ancient Greek proper names and placenames?

There are good etymological dictionaries for Ancient Greek: if you're searching for the origin of a word, you'll probably find information in Frisk, Chantraine, or Beekes. But if you're looking for ...
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0answers
36 views

Free proper noun dictionary/lexicon

For my project I need to construct a lexicon of various topics (technology, music, cooking, ...). This lexicon will be enormous but with the implementation of a Directed Acyclic Word Graph, the size ...
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1answer
107 views

Why does this pronomial not refer?

Consider the following interlocution, Maria: "A man fell off the cliff!" Tabish: "He didn't fall, he was pushed." My professor concluded, This shows that pronouns cannot be the same as the ...
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2answers
1k views

What “category” are proper names of this kind “Debbie Downer”, “Negative Nancy” etc?

I need some umbrella term for those funny names like "Debbie Downer", "Negative Nancy", "Realistic Rita", "Chatty Cathy". Could I say that they are examples of figurative language?
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1answer
1k views

Why do we call some countries a different name than the people of that country?

For example, in English we say Germany, Japan, and China but they say Deutschland, Nihon, and Zhongguo respectively. If we change the names because they are difficult to say or spell outside of their ...
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2answers
319 views

Does Chinese have proper nouns and are they distinguished morphosyntactically or only lexically and or semantically?

In an earlier question I wanted to learn about the nature of proper nouns in a language-neutral way, but the comments and answers to that question so far state that this is not possible, that only ...
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4answers
621 views

How are proper nouns distinguished from other nouns in linguistics (not in orthography)?

When you ask most people the difference between common nouns and proper nouns they mostly can only tell you that proper nouns start with a capital letter. But this has problems: Capital letters and ...