The rhythm, stress and intonation of speech.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
2answers
40 views

What's the explanatory value of Metrical Trees?

What's the explanatory value of metrical trees used to account for prominence relations or syllable stress? At first reflection, it seems to me like rules should be sufficient (indeed, rules and trees ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

How are Tone and Intonation languages different acoustically?

On what aspects Tonal languages differ from Intonation languages when analyzing them acoustically? On intonation and tone: Jones (1960) - "the variations which take place in the pitch of the ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Are there any prosodic characteristics that distinguish speech from song?

I wonder if there are any (even roughly defined) prosodic characteristics or tendencies that can be used to distinguish speech from sound, at least in some cases. Is there any criteria used to ...
2
votes
2answers
40 views

What is the philosophy of prosodic transcription?

Why are we transcribing prosody? and what is the philosophy behind it? In general what is the purpose of it?
1
vote
1answer
57 views

How do we define foot in Mandarin Chinese?

As we known, foot is a stress-related unit. But in Mandarin, the existence of stress remains controversial, so I would like to know the formation of foot in Mandarin Chinese. Thanks.
1
vote
2answers
40 views

How to save the process of your work in PRAAT?

Is it possible to save the process of your project (not a result of it) in PRAAT programme so that you can change smth later etc and do not do the same things over again?
2
votes
2answers
32 views

What are the advantages of using ToBI for prosodic analysis?

I am a grad student who wants to compare the prosody of two of my classmates from different regions who speak different dialects of English. The obvious tool to use is ToBI, of course because it ...
3
votes
2answers
143 views

How is IPrA going to change the way we transcribe prosody?

There are some proposals for IPrA (International Prosodic Alphabet, similar to IPA but for prosody). The meeting for IPrA (link to UCLA webpage on the topic) is planning to be held in BU in mid 2016. ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

Is there a common method of transcribing prosody?

I've seen diacritics corresponding to tones (in tonal languages), but asides from that I haven't come across a system for transcribing prosody in my studies. Is there a popular convention people use?
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Why don't we use frequency change in ToBI?

As we know the ToBI system is designed to transcribe prosody and within it you can transcribe only High and Low prosody changes. The question is here Why don't we implement frequency change and/or ...
3
votes
1answer
72 views

Is there a solution for the ToBI's weakness in showing speech variance?

I'm currently doing a research on the ToBI system (a system for transcribing prosody). The ToBI system is a phonological based system and does not show the variance in speech. for instance an L+H% ...
6
votes
2answers
197 views

Why do we use an upward inflection when asking questions?

I have tried Googling where the upward inflection comes from but all I get are "Valley Girl" results. My curiosity in this started with my new German Language course I'm taking and noticed that the ...
0
votes
1answer
116 views

What are the different ways prosodic features of a language are represented throughout the history of linguistics?

I can name a few: 1. Tones as numbers 2. Intonation contour as a line above the sentence 3. Tones as lines above segments 4. Stress marks before stress syllables ['white house] vs [white 'house] But ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Are there any tools on the market that employ prosodic research to help overcome speech impediments?

I see a lot of language learning software, apps, intelligent games on the market, but nearly all of them focuses on grammar and lexical aspects of linguistics. I wonder if any techniques are dedicated ...
1
vote
0answers
100 views

Linguistic studies of singing: prosody, structure, etc

What are some well known techniques in which singing, especially that from less-known languages, has been studied? I'm particularly interested in prosodic analysis of singing and e.g. song-structure (...
1
vote
2answers
80 views

What's an interactive, hands-on creative way to show the role of prosody?

I am have been nominated to teach an accelerated course on phonology to grad students. The course emphasizes lab work and hands-on methods. What's a creative and innovative idea to demonstrate some ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

How do prosodic models inform improvements to speech synthesis?

How does the state-of-the-art in speech synthesis take into account prosody? It is not clear to me how e.g. Klatt Durational Model, IITM Durational Model, Sums-of-Products Model, or even Neural ...
1
vote
1answer
125 views

Why are f0 candidates stacked vertically in all .pitch files in Praat, like this one?

Why is it that, if I zoom into a .pitch file in Praat, the little numbers (pitch candidates) that are displayed are stacked into vertical lines?
5
votes
1answer
135 views

What, if any, prosodic information can be gleaned from a study of a waveform?

Can any sort of prosodic information (e.g. rhythm, intensity, pitch) be seen/understood just from a waveform alone (without reference to e.g. spectrograms)?
3
votes
1answer
201 views

What are those little numbers when I extract pitch in Praat?

If I extract pitch in praat all those little numbers show up! What are those values standing for? little numbers and pink lines (1263x665, 172 KB)
5
votes
1answer
92 views

What's a good minimal pair to highlight interrogative prosody in English?

I want to show my students how intonation contours in Praat can help identify English interrogatives. An obvious example is "He's coming." vs "He's coming?" -- but perhaps those of you more familiar ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Is there an index of English prosodic effects?

I want to know if there is an index or dictionary of sorts that attempts to list and distinguish the prosodic features(?) of English. This seems unlikely to me because of the ambiguity of a single ...
0
votes
0answers
65 views

Accents resources?

What are some good beginner's introductions to accents? In English (accents, I mean, generally; but English sites or books)? At this moment I'm primarily interested in accents on the level of the ...
5
votes
1answer
520 views

What is the difference between phrase prosody and sentence prosody?

What is the difference between phrase prosody and sentence prosody? I know that prosody is a phonological suprasegmental--its components, such as intonation, are more than one phoneme long. I know ...
3
votes
1answer
191 views

Is there a way to create synthetic speech with no intonation contours / prosody?

Is there a way to create an utterance in synthetic speech which is devoid of prosody? Or if no such synthetic speech system exists, would there be a way to filter an existing utterance to remove the ...
6
votes
0answers
2k views

How is Nigerian Standard English categorized?

From what I can tell, the only nontrivial difference between Nigerian Standard English and the catalog of commonly referenced dialects of English is that Nigerian Standard English has a different ...
22
votes
2answers
737 views

Is it common to use the minor third for calling someone?

In German, calling someone's two-syllable name is tied very strongly to the minor third. In languages that like to have a stressed last syllable, I would expect the last syllable to be higher than ...
27
votes
4answers
1k views

Why does speech speed seem to vary between different languages?

I feel that French and Spanish speakers speak their languages faster than English speakers do. Is this difference real, or is it just a mistake in my observation (note: I am much less familiar with ...
7
votes
2answers
277 views

What is known about the universal aspects of the relation between intonation and emotion?

Are there language-independent aspects of the expression of emotion by intonation? More specifically, are there established relations between the expression of emotion by linguistic intonation and by ...