Questions seeking books, websites, articles, papers, research, or downloadable content on any linguistic topic.

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0answers
26 views

Exhaustive list of NLP tasks

Is there any reference document(s) that give an exhaustive list of NLP tasks? All lists I have found are either incomplete or coarse-grained. (example 1, example 2) Ideally, I would prefer a ...
2
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2answers
51 views

Is there a LaTeX package for Proto-Indo-European laryngeals?

I'm including some PIE examples in my Latex-formatted thesis. What font package or predefined symbols will help me?
4
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2answers
39 views

Reference on corpus annotation schemes

I wonder whether there exists some general reference on corpus annotation schemes. I looked at two of the main NLP textbooks [1-2], but they don't seem to have any chapter focusing on it. Yet, the ...
1
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0answers
32 views

Incomplete sentences

I am looking for studies which looks at understanding and preference of incomplete sentences. For example, is there a higher workload for (in)complete sentences or even though the sentence might be ...
0
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1answer
14 views

Comprehensive list of NER labeling schemes with pros/cons

Are there any reference document(s) that give a comprehensive list of NER labeling schemes (e.g., IOB1, IOB2, or IOBES) along with their pros/cons, and ideally some pointers to publications? I am ...
2
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1answer
33 views

Paper request: study that correlates distinctive features with neuronal activation

I remember an fMRI study that came out sometime around last year (maybe even 2014) that showed a correspondence between distinctive features and neuronal activation. I can't for the life of me find ...
4
votes
1answer
67 views

What does it mean for a verb to be stative, really?

What makes a verb stative in English? I am not looking for various stativity tests, as these do not guarantee the verb really is stative. For example, no stativity test I have come across can account ...
0
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0answers
42 views

What linguistic theory explains the simple/progressive distiction the best in Modern English?

What is the leading theory that provides an exact semantics to the simple/progressive distinction in Modern English?
1
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1answer
49 views

Simple/progressive as use/mention

After a few days of pondering I came to the conclusion (which is only my opinion) that the division of the simple and progressive forms in Modern English is akin to the use-mention distinction in ...
1
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1answer
71 views

What's a good source of information about how the structure of english sentences has evolved over time?

There is a lot of information about the evolution of English vocabulary since Anglo-Saxon times, but I am looking for examples of how English sentence construction has changed over time.
0
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0answers
19 views

suggest studies or books on: relationship between level of literacy and English conversations

I'm looking for books or articles or studies on the relationship between the level of literacy(I mean in the general sense, like illiterate, graduate, post-graduate...) and English conversations. How ...
0
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2answers
45 views

References and sources to help me explain the semantics of the word 'over'

So I'm doing an assignment on the semantics of the word 'over'. Everyone in our semantics class was asked by the lecturer to pick a piece of paper out of a hat, he then said that we were required to ...
2
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2answers
57 views

Where to find lists of examples of linguistic phenomena

I'm looking for resources, either print or online, which compile lists of examples of linguistic phenomena, be they phonological, morphological, syntactic, or semantic. (My main purpose for these ...
3
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0answers
34 views

How often can the words in a sentence be rearranged to form different but similarly likely setentence

I have a conjecture that given a particular (multi)set of words without knowledge of ordering, then one ordering is normally much more likely than any others. Its not always true, Show me flights ...
0
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1answer
42 views

Accents and dialects

How are dialects formed? Are they always a diverging branch from the main language or can they be the fruit of a converging process between different languages because of cultural pressure? Also, ...
0
votes
3answers
36 views

Which branch of linguistics educates on affirmation, causality, similarity, time, etc…?

Which branch of linguistics educates on and plunges into the contents of this helpful answer? I must read more about these concepts because Function Words especially in English cause many problems ...
2
votes
2answers
51 views

What is the web-searchable database of linguistic features?

Years ago, I heard of a website that allowed you to search thousands of described languages by feature, like consonant inventory and word order. It was an acronym, and I think it had multiple W's in ...
4
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0answers
77 views

Was a study published about some linguists who taught their children only a constructed language?

I heard a myth that group of linguists made an experiment with their own children and taught them only a artificial language (in that myth it was a loglan), but if it was true a scientific paper would ...
5
votes
1answer
88 views

To which extent are people’s perceptions of their own pronunciation influenced by the language’s orthography?

In my experience, literate native speakers of a language tend to assume that the language’s orthography is significantly more phonetic than it actually is or, with other words, tend to think that ...
2
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0answers
47 views

What features cause Head Movement?

Suppose a head, T, moves to C. In the minimalist program, what features cause the movement of that head? I've been looking at literature on head movement but all I can find is papers on arguments for ...
3
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1answer
53 views

Where to find old article on frequency of letters, pairs of letters, triplets and quadruplets in 4 or 5 languages?

It was probably in the 1980s (not sure) and probably in Scientific American (not sure) that I read an article reporting on research that had analyzed the frequency of letters, pairs of letters and ...
5
votes
3answers
226 views

A syntactician “must-read” list

I'm a (mostly) self-taught linguist. I was always interested in syntax so I started with Carnie's (2013) Syntax: A generative introduction + few interviews with Chomsky (where I got the general idea ...
2
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1answer
46 views

What are the upsides of using dependency parsing over constituency parsing?

I am looking for an exhaustive list of upsides of using dependency parsing over constituency parsing (if possible, with references for each upside).
2
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2answers
90 views

The Sound of Latin

Hopefully this isn't considered off topic. Are there any audio-video works of art or linguistics that have highly accurate (based on our best reconstructions) depictions of Classical Latin speech in ...
0
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0answers
16 views

Is there any OED-as-directed-graph research?

Say, I want to know what a "dog" is, so I read the definition for dog in the OED. But, of course, it contains a list of words too so I set out to read the definitions for those as well. This forms a ...
2
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2answers
44 views

What are some canonical or seminal corpus linguistic studies using the Brown Corpus?

I'm looking for some good works of corpus linguistics using the Brown Corpus. Does anyone know of an important early work, and/or an important recent work that uses it?
2
votes
1answer
53 views

current state of affairs in (systemic) functional grammar/linguistics?

What is the state of affairs in (systemic) functional grammar/linguistics in 2015 (rather than the state of affairs in the 1970s-1990s, when most of the books and papers I have were published)? I'm ...
1
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1answer
38 views

Does WordNet only contains Lemmas?

It seems to be an implicit assumption that wordnet only contains lemmas. Eg in Combine dictionary lemmatization with stemmer. I feel confidant it is a correct one, the Wordnet interface refers to ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Where can I get a good Maltese grammar book?

I am looking for a good Maltese grammar book which lists all verb forms, tenses, and declensions. Where can I find one (perhaps anywhere on the Island given that Amazon does not seem to carry such ...
2
votes
2answers
112 views

Any solid textbook recommendations to begin studying linguistics?

I need an introductory book that covers the cutting-edge research of the linguistics and most of its big branches. It must be written in a textbook format. The answerer must be well-versed in ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

What languages have been documented using Minimalism?

I'm interested in having a few references to (more of less) full grammars of natural languages that would be written under Minimalist approach. Are there any around? I guess, accounts of some major ...
3
votes
1answer
102 views

What prevents verbs from taking more than a two or three complements/arguments?

So I'm writing a term paper for my introductory syntax class on Larson's and Jackendoff's theories of the structure of double object verbs. Jackendoff argues for a more linear, tertiary branching ...
0
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1answer
31 views

online word references for Spanish

Creating flashcards for Spanish was a real pain, so I started trying to automate it. What I have now is something can take a list of verbs in the infinitive form and generate flashcards with ...
3
votes
2answers
156 views

Mathematical foundations of formal semantics in linguistic

First, I asked this on math.stackexchange, someone recommended to go here. I am looking for information on the mathematical foundations of formal semantics in linguistic. After some time, I found ...
5
votes
3answers
63 views

Survey: Do you know of an introductory phonology text that presents a clear account of juncture?

Which introductory texts on phonology contain a clear account of juncture? I have heard that juncture is a set of suprasegmental phenomenon that conveys the boundaries between words, phrases, clauses ...
6
votes
2answers
90 views

Where can I find a good primer of dependency grammar?

I found a good phrase structure grammar primer, namely "Beginning Syntax" by Thomas, which has been recommended by more than one person on this exchange. However, when I looked for any similarly ...
4
votes
4answers
98 views

Origin of Language as Commands? [closed]

I'm not sure if this type of thread is allowed, but I've been pondering the possibility that language began as commands rather than expression of arbitrary thoughts. This is based on the observation ...
4
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1answer
139 views

Database of Swadesh lists

Do anyone know where to find the most extensive collection of Swadesh lists? And with how many different languages in the collection?
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Understanding possession

In this answer to the question How does expressing possession vary across language families?, there is a classification on some types of Possession across languages. I have tried to look for an ...
3
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2answers
142 views

Is the agent in an ergative language a subject or an object?

Imagine a language with PVA/APV dominant word order and SV in intransitive clauses. We see that it's tightly PV and SV whereas both VA and AV are possible. We also know that P and S are both ...
3
votes
1answer
115 views

Looking for a good mid-level reference on modern syntax

I've studied syntax out of Kroeger's Analyzing Grammar, so I'm familiar with the basic ideas of generative syntax, like trees, constituent structure, and syntactic categories. I later read a paper ...
2
votes
3answers
108 views

Book suggestions for linguistics for Computer Science people

I am asked to do some NLP tasks on a language which is agglutinative. I am finding these terms difficult to understand since my background is different. I am looking for some nice books that give a ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Using Swadesh lists to find languages with most frequent vowel use?

Has there been any comparative studies of Swadesh lists from different language, regarding percentage of vowels vs. consonants? Some languages can occassionally be "derogative" talked about as "only ...
3
votes
0answers
88 views

What are the foundational papers in computational phonology?

I'm working on a paper on the history of computational phonology. As I understand it, Chomsky & Halle's SPE acted as a catalyst for research in the field, namely by laying the foundations for ...
3
votes
0answers
104 views

What are the languages with the greatest number of English cognates/loanwords?

Does there exist data anywhere documenting the number of words that a language shares with English as a function of the language (and, if so, coudld you be so kinds as to refer me to it)? The number ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

What are the benefits of learning Latin using Spanish?

I am a native speaker of Spanish. I also learned English. I am now trying to learn Latin. Obviously, the Spanish --> Latin route is a lot more preferable than the English --> Latin route given that ...
0
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1answer
148 views

Can the entropy per word be caculated precisely?And relation among information theory, semantics, and pragmatics

What we have gotten about the expected per word entropy of random yet grammatical text is just some upper bound of the the expected per word entropy, because we have not found the exact way to compute ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Which linguistic terms, concepts, theories are particularly associated with narrative writing?

Sure, it is obvious, narrative writing is a subject of linguistics. Nevertheless, the many topics I browsed through in this site randomly very seldom dealt with narrative structures and processes, it ...
5
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0answers
95 views

Where can I learn more about the 'linguistic center of gravity' theory?

"The linguistic center of gravity principle states that a language family's most likely point of origin is in the area of its greatest diversity." (Wikipedia ...
3
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1answer
91 views

Linguistic typography documented?

There are some typographic conventions adhered to in most of linguistic literature where it applies. This includes punctuation affixes /phonemic/ [phonetic] and [±feature] ⟨graphemic⟩ or ...