Questions seeking books, websites, articles, papers, research, or downloadable content on any linguistic topic.

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0answers
49 views

Germanic comparative grammars?

Can anyone recommend a good comparative grammar of the Germanic languages -- or, failing that, good historical grammars specifically for Old English and Old Norse? Ideally, what I want is a ...
0
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0answers
39 views

Where can I find a book that enlists, categorize and discuss the importance of parts of speech?

I've been reading my Portuguese high-school book searching for some classification and hierarchization of parts of speech. My book brings me such features in a chapter dedicated to morphology, first I ...
1
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1answer
65 views

About that translation of Tesniere's “Elements” - is it into English?

I saw that member Tim Osborne said he is working on a translation of Tesniere's "Elements". Is that translation to English? If so, when will the publication be available? Also, if any member can ...
1
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0answers
92 views

Linguistics resources for beginners [closed]

I'm currently reading Jackendoff's Foundations of language and I've realised that my knowledge of syntax, morphology and phonology isn't as strong as I'd like it to be. I'm coming from a psych ...
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0answers
55 views

Writer/math student seeking an overview of linguistics. Help?

I am a math and statistics student/enthusiast as well as a fiction writer with cultivated interest in a few foreign languages. Linguistics has held appeal to me for many years, but I admit to having ...
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0answers
30 views

Looking for books etc on gender animacy in Oromo

I request you if you are willing and able to help me on my linguistics thesis with the title of The morphosyntax of gender animacy and clitics in Oromo. Oromo is one of the Cushitic branch languages ...
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0answers
21 views

Searching for the rules of tone sandhi in Lao

Most tonal languages have tone sandhi, which consists of rules whereby the standard/default/dictionary tones of words/syllables change due to which tones occur in adjacent words/syllables. But I am ...
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2answers
141 views

Studying Linguistics for a Programmer

It isn't definitely a "linguistic" question, but I hope there're some people who solved the same problems like me. Since of my childhood I was very curious in languages and linguistics, but I hadn't ...
3
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1answer
36 views

Seeking details of Lao orthographic reforms

The Lao script was originally used as an abugida (consonants have implied vowels) for the Lao language, just as most of the writing systems related to it. The Lao script is now used as an alphabet ...
2
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0answers
58 views

What percentage of African Americans speak identifiable African American Vernacular English?

I'm looking for (reasonably) scientific statistics on the percentage of African Americans whose speech is sufficiently inflected with AAVE that their speech is identifiable as such. (It would be ...
1
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1answer
110 views

Looking for Thai letter-frequency resource

I'm currently in Thailand and a bit frustrated with the difficult writing system here. Normally after a week in a country I can learn the writing system to a functional degree (except Han characters ...
3
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0answers
44 views

Are there standard test data sets for English stemmers / lemmatisers?

There is a lot of easily located material online which describes stemmers or provides implementations. There's a bit of discussion of metrics for quantifying how effective they are, and I've even ...
3
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1answer
138 views

Resources comparing grammars of different languages

I'm looking for a book on comparative grammar, where the grammar of different languages and/or language families is described and compared. EDIT: A comment made me realize that the question is ...
6
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0answers
54 views

Influence of the regulatory bodies in the English language

Where could I find/read about studies about the influence in English of the lack of regulatory bodies of its use and lexicon? It is easy to google and find long arguments on the topic. I am ...
6
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0answers
166 views

Personal vs. Demonstrative Pronouns

I've read in a number of places (e.g. Wikipedia) that Proto-Indo-European had first and second-person personal pronouns, but no third-person pronouns. Instead, a system of anaphoric demonstrative ...
4
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1answer
223 views

What is the relative chronology of Grimm's and Verner's Law?

I'm trying to understand the relative chronology of Grimm's Law and Verner's Law. I understand that there are different views, and that it is not easy to work out. I believe Ringe argues that the ...
7
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2answers
3k views

What is the relationship between syntax and semantics?

There are a number of positions you can take on what the relationship between syntax and semantics. You could think that syntax is prior and so think that an expression's syntactic function ...
4
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1answer
149 views

Existing English word database with word forms?

Where can I find a database of English words that has the various forms for each word? Specifically, it would give the plural and singular form with its indefinite article for each noun, the various ...
13
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2answers
219 views

On the idea that Classical Chinese may *not* be direct ancestor of modern Chinese languages

It's known that Literary Chinese (or Classical; wényán ), the language of historical Chinese texts, differs completely from modern Mandarin as well as from other spoken Chinese languages, not only in ...
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0answers
41 views

Where can I find “How Abstract Is English Vowel Phonology?”?

Robert Krohn's How Abstract Is English Vowel Phonology? is on ERIC, but is unavailable at the moment. Does anyone know of another publication that this might be present in?
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1answer
84 views

Where can I read “How abstract is phonology?”?

Where can I find a copy of Paul Kiparsky's How abstract is phonology? written in 1968? The only place version I've found so far is a snippet view on Google Books and this summary.
2
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0answers
52 views

Resources/papers on Portuguese nominal syntax and determiners?

I'm vaguely aware that the (definite) determiner has a much freer distribution in Portuguese than in other languages, e.g. it can come before personal names: A Maria lê um livro. The Maria ...
2
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0answers
72 views

Introduction to Strict Cyclicity

Does anyone have any good references for an introduction to the theory of strict cyclicity within Generative Phonology?
4
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2answers
99 views

Corpora of Indigenous American Languages?

Does anyone know of any (preferably free) online corpora of indigenous American languages (anywhere on the American hemisphere)? I've managed to find corpora of many of the common world languages, but ...
2
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1answer
400 views

Do you have a vowel trapezoid for Spanish?

I am trying to contrast the vowel systems of English and Spanish, and showing two vowel trapezoids seems like a good approach. I've not yet found one yet. Any ideas?
2
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2answers
166 views

Basic resource on Japanese phonetics

Could you recommend a good reference for studying Japanese phonetics?
8
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1answer
220 views

What research has been done on the effects of learning Esperanto on acquiring other languages?

I have recently started learning Esperanto because I thought it would be an interesting exercise to compare and contrast it with the natural languages I speak. Anyone who has done even light research ...
2
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2answers
63 views

Are there any dialectological works for Serbia/Serbia & Montenegro/Yugoslavia?

I am looking for dialectological works for the area of former Yugoslavia, though I am most interested in Serbia and Montenegro. I can't really find any, other that the kind of maps on wikipedia ...
5
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0answers
278 views

Is there a diagram showing the history of sound changes from Latin to the Romance languages?

We have had a number of questions about sound changes, asking for the history of specific changes. See this one, for example: asking about the change from Latin benedictionem to French beneiçon. ...
2
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8answers
490 views

Textbook suggestions for syntax, semantics/pragmatics and phonetics/phonology

I am coming to linguistics from a completely non-linguistic background; I was a mathematician. Next year I will start taking some serious (Master's level) linguistics courses and I would like to have ...
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1answer
80 views

“Punta riversa”: An Oxford Latin Dictionary Analysis

I am etymologizing the word punta riversa, and I would like to request a photocopy--or resource link--to the Oxford Latin Dictionary's entries for both punctum and reversus. Thank you. Also, is ...
5
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2answers
99 views

Is there a convenient tool for drawing (dialect) maps?

I need to draw a dialect map, splitting an area up into differently coloured regions. Is there an online tool for creating dialect maps? Of course, any map drawing tool where I can take an existing ...
12
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1answer
541 views

Deciphering a handwritten script

There are many studies on calligraphy, and in some cultures (Chinese, Indic, Arabic) it became a really significant part of culture. However, there are not only examples of good handwriting. Often we ...
7
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1answer
144 views

Can anyone point me toward articles/theory that syntax and morphology operate on the same principles?

Looking for articles and or theories that explore the idea that morphology and syntax are not separate but operate on the same principles; for example, that the sentence is just an extended ...
3
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1answer
110 views

A classical text about the Sun?

I've read once there is a text about the Sun, which is created to use words and concepts which shall be present in any human language, and which is translated nearly to all human languages for using ...
8
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1answer
190 views

Is usage of 'SMS language' or 'textspeak' changing in any direction?

'SMS language' or 'textspeak' was popularised due in the 90s due to the use of phones with numeric keypads. However, most smartphones these days come with autocorrect / autocomplete which outputs ...
2
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2answers
247 views

Examples of Equative Genitive Adjectival Languages

Sorry for the confusing title, but I'm not aware of any common linguistic terms for the concepts at hand, so I'm kinda making them up as I go. So I'll start by explaining the question. There are a ...
3
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1answer
59 views

Corpus-making guide in Language Understanding Context

I want to make a standard annotated corpora on Language Understanding but I don't know where to start and what to do! Does anyone know any good reference in order to guide me through making a standard ...
2
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1answer
551 views

Semantics of ordinary language mathematical claims?

Can anyone point me towards some good work on the semantics of ordinary language mathematical claims? Any tips would be greatly appreciated. For example, when a geometer says of Euclidean geometry ...
5
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0answers
204 views

Mutual lexical borrowings between Arabic, Persian and Turkish: a reference request

As an occasional learner of these languages, I find the linguistic situation of Arabic, Persian and Turkish very interesting: they are three genetically unrelated languages (if you stick to ...
7
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2answers
447 views

Rules for glottal stop insertion across languages

Many languages lack phonemic glottal stops, but regularly insert them. For example: English invariably inserts glottal stops before utterance-initial vowels, and often before word-initial vowels when ...
5
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2answers
74 views

Are there any extensive study on the vocabulary used in the Mongour and Bonan languages?

I have always been interested in examining Tu/Mongour and Bonan language. Mongour is a Mongolic language which is spoken by Mongour people who may be the descendants of Xianbei people who moved from ...
3
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0answers
132 views

Discourse analysis of Japanese particles?

Have there been any English language attempts (preferably readily-available) to define Japanese particles from the perspective of discourse analysis? Some of the things I would be interested to see ...
4
votes
1answer
281 views

Indo-European prepositions: whence did they come?

What manner of theories are there on the origin of Indo-European case-like prepositions (usually; they were originally postpositions, and a handful of languages still have postpositions)? They seem ...
2
votes
2answers
166 views

“Like” in English (and perhaps other languages)

How is English "like" — as in "you look like a monkey" — generally analyzed these days? I can think of two ways to go here. I'm tempted to call it either a preposition, or some sort of ...
9
votes
5answers
2k views

Do absolute synonyms exist?

By absolute synonyms, I mean words (in the same language) that are interchangeable in all situations. There can't be differences in register, meaning, or emotional value. Is there material that ...
10
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1answer
203 views

Are there studies of difficulty to learn particular language depending on learner's native language?

Do you know if any studies were made to classify the difficulty to learn a particular language depending on learner's native language? There are a lot of discussions about what is the easiest or the ...
4
votes
1answer
287 views

What is pragmatic strengthening?

The term "pragmatic strengthening" has been tossed around in a lot of papers I've been looking at for a project I'm doing on idioms, and I can't seem to find a simple definition anywhere. Is anyone ...
2
votes
1answer
140 views

Citations for morpheme/word counts?

(Edited to provide context and clarify what I'm interested in) Context: I am reading a paper that involves comparing German, Dutch, and English. German is the outlier for the phenomena and measures ...
11
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1answer
241 views

How did Esperanto find “early adopters” for the language?

Even with the volume of constructed languages that exist, I've never seen formal analysis documenting the successive approaches Esperanto took in an effort to really engage and convert "early ...