Questions seeking books, websites, articles, papers, research, or downloadable content on any linguistic topic.

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14 views

suggest studies or books on: relationship between level of literacy and English conversations

I'm looking for books or articles or studies on the relationship between the level of literacy(I mean in the general sense, like illiterate, graduate, post-graduate...) and English conversations. How ...
0
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2answers
36 views

References and sources to help me explain the semantics of the word 'over'

So I'm doing an assignment on the semantics of the word 'over'. Everyone in our semantics class was asked by the lecturer to pick a piece of paper out of a hat, he then said that we were required to ...
2
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2answers
30 views

Where to find lists of examples of linguistic phenomena

I'm looking for resources, either print or online, which compile lists of examples of linguistic phenomena, be they phonological, morphological, syntactic, or semantic. (My main purpose for these ...
3
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0answers
33 views

How often can the words in a sentence be rearranged to form different but similarly likely setentence

I have a conjecture that given a particular (multi)set of words without knowledge of ordering, then one ordering is normally much more likely than any others. Its not always true, Show me flights ...
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1answer
40 views

Accents and dialects

How are dialects formed? Are they always a diverging branch from the main language or can they be the fruit of a converging process between different languages because of cultural pressure? Also, ...
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3answers
31 views

Which branch of linguistics educates on affirmation, causality, similarity, time, etc…?

Which branch of linguistics educates on and plunges into the contents of this helpful answer? I must read more about these concepts because Function Words especially in English cause many problems ...
2
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2answers
49 views

What is the web-searchable database of linguistic features?

Years ago, I heard of a website that allowed you to search thousands of described languages by feature, like consonant inventory and word order. It was an acronym, and I think it had multiple W's in ...
4
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0answers
70 views

Was a study published about some linguists who taught their children only a constructed language?

I heard a myth that group of linguists made an experiment with their own children and taught them only a artificial language (in that myth it was a loglan), but if it was true a scientific paper would ...
5
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1answer
73 views

To which extent are people’s perceptions of their own pronunciation influenced by the language’s orthography?

In my experience, literate native speakers of a language tend to assume that the language’s orthography is significantly more phonetic than it actually is or, with other words, tend to think that ...
2
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0answers
40 views

What features cause Head Movement?

Suppose a head, T, moves to C. In the minimalist program, what features cause the movement of that head? I've been looking at literature on head movement but all I can find is papers on arguments for ...
2
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1answer
48 views

Where to find old article on frequency of letters, pairs of letters, triplets and quadruplets in 4 or 5 languages?

It was probably in the 1980s (not sure) and probably in Scientific American (not sure) that I read an article reporting on research that had analyzed the frequency of letters, pairs of letters and ...
5
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3answers
199 views

A syntactician “must-read” list

I'm a (mostly) self-taught linguist. I was always interested in syntax so I started with Carnie's (2013) Syntax: A generative introduction + few interviews with Chomsky (where I got the general idea ...
2
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1answer
41 views

What are the upsides of using dependency parsing over constituency parsing?

I am looking for an exhaustive list of upsides of using dependency parsing over constituency parsing (if possible, with references for each upside).
2
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2answers
87 views

The Sound of Latin

Hopefully this isn't considered off topic. Are there any audio-video works of art or linguistics that have highly accurate (based on our best reconstructions) depictions of Classical Latin speech in ...
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0answers
15 views

Is there any OED-as-directed-graph research?

Say, I want to know what a "dog" is, so I read the definition for dog in the OED. But, of course, it contains a list of words too so I set out to read the definitions for those as well. This forms a ...
2
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2answers
43 views

What are some canonical or seminal corpus linguistic studies using the Brown Corpus?

I'm looking for some good works of corpus linguistics using the Brown Corpus. Does anyone know of an important early work, and/or an important recent work that uses it?
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1answer
38 views

Does WordNet only contains Lemmas?

It seems to be an implicit assumption that wordnet only contains lemmas. Eg in Combine dictionary lemmatization with stemmer. I feel confidant it is a correct one, the Wordnet interface refers to ...
2
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2answers
108 views

Any solid textbook recommendations to begin studying linguistics?

I need an introductory book that covers the cutting-edge research of the linguistics and most of its big branches. It must be written in a textbook format. The answerer must be well-versed in ...
2
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1answer
66 views

What languages have been documented using Minimalism?

I'm interested in having a few references to (more of less) full grammars of natural languages that would be written under Minimalist approach. Are there any around? I guess, accounts of some major ...
3
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1answer
94 views

What prevents verbs from taking more than a two or three complements/arguments?

So I'm writing a term paper for my introductory syntax class on Larson's and Jackendoff's theories of the structure of double object verbs. Jackendoff argues for a more linear, tertiary branching ...
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1answer
27 views

online word references for Spanish

Creating flashcards for Spanish was a real pain, so I started trying to automate it. What I have now is something can take a list of verbs in the infinitive form and generate flashcards with ...
3
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2answers
150 views

Mathematical foundations of formal semantics in linguistic

First, I asked this on math.stackexchange, someone recommended to go here. I am looking for information on the mathematical foundations of formal semantics in linguistic. After some time, I found ...
5
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3answers
62 views

Survey: Do you know of an introductory phonology text that presents a clear account of juncture?

Which introductory texts on phonology contain a clear account of juncture? I have heard that juncture is a set of suprasegmental phenomenon that conveys the boundaries between words, phrases, clauses ...
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2answers
85 views

Where can I find a good primer of dependency grammar?

I found a good phrase structure grammar primer, namely "Beginning Syntax" by Thomas, which has been recommended by more than one person on this exchange. However, when I looked for any similarly ...
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4answers
95 views

Origin of Language as Commands? [closed]

I'm not sure if this type of thread is allowed, but I've been pondering the possibility that language began as commands rather than expression of arbitrary thoughts. This is based on the observation ...
4
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1answer
133 views

Database of Swadesh lists

Do anyone know where to find the most extensive collection of Swadesh lists? And with how many different languages in the collection?
2
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1answer
61 views

Understanding possession

In this answer to the question How does expressing possession vary across language families?, there is a classification on some types of Possession across languages. I have tried to look for an ...
3
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2answers
135 views

Is the agent in an ergative language a subject or an object?

Imagine a language with PVA/APV dominant word order and SV in intransitive clauses. We see that it's tightly PV and SV whereas both VA and AV are possible. We also know that P and S are both ...
3
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1answer
108 views

Looking for a good mid-level reference on modern syntax

I've studied syntax out of Kroeger's Analyzing Grammar, so I'm familiar with the basic ideas of generative syntax, like trees, constituent structure, and syntactic categories. I later read a paper ...
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2answers
96 views

Book suggestions for linguistics for Computer Science people

I am asked to do some NLP tasks on a language which is agglutinative. I am finding these terms difficult to understand since my background is different. I am looking for some nice books that give a ...
1
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1answer
64 views

Using Swadesh lists to find languages with most frequent vowel use?

Has there been any comparative studies of Swadesh lists from different language, regarding percentage of vowels vs. consonants? Some languages can occassionally be "derogative" talked about as "only ...
3
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0answers
84 views

What are the foundational papers in computational phonology?

I'm working on a paper on the history of computational phonology. As I understand it, Chomsky & Halle's SPE acted as a catalyst for research in the field, namely by laying the foundations for ...
2
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0answers
102 views

What are the languages with the greatest number of English cognates/loanwords?

Does there exist data anywhere documenting the number of words that a language shares with English as a function of the language (and, if so, coudld you be so kinds as to refer me to it)? The number ...
2
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1answer
74 views

What are the benefits of learning Latin using Spanish?

I am a native speaker of Spanish. I also learned English. I am now trying to learn Latin. Obviously, the Spanish --> Latin route is a lot more preferable than the English --> Latin route given that ...
0
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1answer
144 views

Can the entropy per word be caculated precisely?And relation among information theory, semantics, and pragmatics

What we have gotten about the expected per word entropy of random yet grammatical text is just some upper bound of the the expected per word entropy, because we have not found the exact way to compute ...
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1answer
45 views

Which linguistic terms, concepts, theories are particularly associated with narrative writing?

Sure, it is obvious, narrative writing is a subject of linguistics. Nevertheless, the many topics I browsed through in this site randomly very seldom dealt with narrative structures and processes, it ...
5
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0answers
88 views

Where can I learn more about the 'linguistic center of gravity' theory?

"The linguistic center of gravity principle states that a language family's most likely point of origin is in the area of its greatest diversity." (Wikipedia ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

Linguistic typography documented?

There are some typographic conventions adhered to in most of linguistic literature where it applies. This includes punctuation affixes /phonemic/ [phonetic] and [±feature] ⟨graphemic⟩ or ...
2
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0answers
31 views

Any NLP performance timeline?

I am looking for any plots, etc. that show performance metrics on various NLP tasks as a function of year. E.g. [the following ...
3
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0answers
89 views

Pseudo-possession or marginal possession

I'm looking for material on this topic but always seem to fail to find something, and that's probably because the terms, although kind of accepted, seem to be too vague. By these terms I refer to ...
5
votes
2answers
217 views

Help me find an early Old Norse dictionary (or even a grammar)

For some time I've been looking for a dictionary of Old Norse that reflects an early situation in the language; this kind of resource has been amazingly hard to find, for some reason. Most ...
2
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1answer
98 views

Articles and books on aspects

I am searching for a good book on different aspects, which would include different types of aspects, not just perfective and imperfective, but deductive, inferential, retrospective, inceptive and many ...
4
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2answers
140 views

Germanic comparative grammars?

Can anyone recommend a good comparative grammar of the Germanic languages -- or, failing that, good historical grammars specifically for Old English and Old Norse? Ideally, what I want is a ...
1
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0answers
42 views

Where can I find a book that enlists, categorize and discuss the importance of parts of speech?

I've been reading my Portuguese high-school book searching for some classification and hierarchization of parts of speech. My book brings me such features in a chapter dedicated to morphology, first I ...
2
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1answer
113 views

About that translation of Tesniere's “Elements” - is it into English?

I saw that member Tim Osborne said he is working on a translation of Tesniere's "Elements". Is that translation to English? If so, when will the publication be available? Also, if any member can ...
2
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0answers
131 views

Linguistics resources for beginners [closed]

I'm currently reading Jackendoff's Foundations of language and I've realised that my knowledge of syntax, morphology and phonology isn't as strong as I'd like it to be. I'm coming from a psych ...
2
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0answers
175 views

Writer/math student seeking an overview of linguistics. Help?

I am a math and statistics student/enthusiast as well as a fiction writer with cultivated interest in a few foreign languages. Linguistics has held appeal to me for many years, but I admit to having ...
2
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0answers
36 views

Looking for books etc on gender animacy in Oromo

I request you if you are willing and able to help me on my linguistics thesis with the title of The morphosyntax of gender animacy and clitics in Oromo. Oromo is one of the Cushitic branch languages ...
2
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0answers
29 views

Searching for the rules of tone sandhi in Lao

Most tonal languages have tone sandhi, which consists of rules whereby the standard/default/dictionary tones of words/syllables change due to which tones occur in adjacent words/syllables. But I am ...
2
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2answers
208 views

Studying Linguistics for a Programmer

It isn't definitely a "linguistic" question, but I hope there're some people who solved the same problems like me. Since of my childhood I was very curious in languages and linguistics, but I hadn't ...