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2
votes
0answers
45 views

The etymology of Sanskrit jāla 'web'

I am looking for an etymology on the Sanskrit word jāla 'web'. What is the origin of it? I am trying to find a parallel in other Indo-European languages but no luck so far.
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Conjugation of the word प्रकटयमास [closed]

I have been reading Sudharma and I have encountered a new type of words such as प्रकटयमास, प्रकटयमासुः and समादिदिशुः. I know what the roots mean. What I don't know is what type of conjugation is ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

What's a good source to say if a word is masculine or feminine in Sanskrit?

I trying to write a few verses and knowing the gender might change the meaning. A good source to Sanskrit grammar would also be accepted!
1
vote
1answer
33 views

what is the difference between ind. and indecl. in Sanskrit?

In spokensanskrit.de, there are words that are marked as ind. and indecl. For example, indecl. stands for indeclinable words in Sanskrit such as तावत्. The same word is also marked ind. Could anybody ...
2
votes
2answers
75 views

History of Preverbs in Indo-European

As you may know, quite some of the IE languages know preverbs, who may modify the meaning of a verbal root. I would like to know more about the interrelation of the various preverbs found in these ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Grammatical mistake in the Gita

I am studying Sanskrit. I encountered a sentence in verse 19 of chapter 1 of the Bhagavad gita - as it is. The sloka is as follows: स घोषो धार्तराष्ट्राणां हृदयानि व्यदारयत्। नभश्च पृथिवीं चैव ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Components of सर्वस्याऽपि

I am trying to study Sanskrit. I am right now reading the following article on Shivaji in Sanskrit. There is a sentence सर्वस्याऽपि दोषिणः योग्यं दण्डं विदधाति। I get what it means, roughly that every ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Is there any Sanskrit-Greek-Latin-English dictionary available?

Is there any Sanskrit-Greek-Latin-English dictionary [including online] available? I am so much interested in etymological study. I will be grateful for any help.
1
vote
1answer
81 views

Meaning of “Elin”

Elin is supposed to mean "Woman of Intelligence" in Sanskrit see http://www.thinkbabynames.com/meaning/0/Elin. However, I was not able to verify this independently in Sanskrit dictionaries on the web ...
-3
votes
1answer
85 views

Was sanskrit first complex language [closed]

I believe a complex language in necessary for a religious ideology involving man, mind, awareness, material world, immaterial world and such to be passed on. Was sanskrit the first language that was ...
2
votes
2answers
178 views

External sandhi rule for final visarga followed by r?

The picture at the bottom is taken from Introduction To Sanskrit by Egenes Thomas, in which we see that, if a vowel different from a or aa precedes the visarga, and if the initial lettre of the ...
4
votes
5answers
266 views

Can words have multiple, different origins

In the yoga context, it is common for gurus to give multiple origins of a specific word in order to 'dig' a deep meaning. For example, let us take the word मन्त्र. Here is a first explanation ...
4
votes
1answer
184 views

What language is this character from?

A colleague of mine owns a ring and asked me what language this character is from: I speak Japanese so I could pretty much rule out that and Chinese (her first guess). It's not Korean nor Thai ...
4
votes
2answers
311 views

Why are these Sanskrit words in the nominative case

I'm studying the Sanskrit mantra that starts with asato ma: असतो मा सद् गमय तमसो मा ज्योतिर्गमय मृत्योर्मा अमृतं गमय The meaning of the first two lines is "lead from the unreal to the real. Lead ...
3
votes
2answers
336 views

Are Armenian գունդ (gund) and Sanskrit गिन्दुक (ginduka) related?

I was just looking at the words for "ball" in many languages. I noticed that Armenian has a word գունդ gund and Hindustani has a word गेंद / گیند gẽnd. I didn't spot any other language with a ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

Why are many ancient languages so complicated compared to many modern languages?

Many ancient languages have a structure that is more complex than that of the "respective" modern languages. Modern languages like English have simpler structure, without case, gender or declination, ...
1
vote
0answers
1k views

Is there any relation between Sanskrit 'kalam' of Kalamasutra and Arabic 'al-kalam'?

In this text, acknowledged by both Theravada and Mahayana traditions as sacred, Buddha gives his speech to Kalamas. According to the dictionaries, the primal Sanskrit meaning of the word कलम (kalama) ...
4
votes
2answers
126 views

Internal vedic sandhi: t-s or th-s? (Sanskrit, Devanagari)

For the sandhi in the Vedas and Aranyakas which of the following is more correct (i.e. t-s or th-s): स॒र्वेऽस्मात्स्यन्द॑न्ते॒ sa̱rve'smātsyanda̍nte̱ स॒र्वेऽस्माथ्स्यन्द॑न्ते॒ ...
4
votes
1answer
460 views

How is Sanskrit “va” supposed to be pronounced?

I'm confused as to how I'm to pronounce Sanskrit's "v" letter. My teacher mostly pronounces it as a "w" in words such as "deva", "svara" or "dvipa" but invariably utters a "v" in syllables "vra" or ...
1
vote
2answers
292 views

Vedic sandhi: ḥ-s or ss? (Sanskrit, Devanagari)

For the sandhi in the Vedas and Aranyakas which of the following is more correct (i.e. ḥ s or ss): रुद्रः सन्महो rudraḥ sanmaho रुद्रस्सन्महो rudrassanmaho This example is from the Mahanarayana ...
2
votes
2answers
237 views

The shout symbol?

wikipedia : Devnagari :- : "The avagraha ऽ (usually transliterated with an apostrophe) is a Sanskrit punctuation mark for the elision of a vowel in sandhi: एकोऽयम् ekoyam (< ekas + ayam) "this ...
2
votes
1answer
271 views

Etymology “Pod” Sanskrit roots

In sanskrit "Pad" (rhyming with mud with a soft 'd') means feet; so does pod in Latin . Do they have same roots.
8
votes
6answers
10k views

Is learning German easier for people who know Sanskrit, and vice versa?

I've heard many times that learning German is easier for those who speak Sanskrit, and vice versa. Is there any linguistic basis for this? What similarities exist between the two languages that may be ...
1
vote
0answers
299 views

How did Sanskrit embedding evolve?

This question is an extension of this one: How did Chinese recursion evolve? . In the comments, Mark Beadles helpfully pointed out that center-embedding is absent from Sanskrit in the early Vedic ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Is the Sanskrit spoken natively in pockets in India changing?

There are some small pockets in India where people actually speak Sanskrit as a native language. From Wikipedia: In these Indian villages, inhabitants of all castes speak Sanskrit natively since ...