Semantics is the study of meaning, used to understand expressions through language.

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Can someone explain this sentence from Dartmouth's German page?

Was perusing the page (you can find it here), I came across the paragraph "That said, word order is a complex aspect of language, never wholly mastered by non-native speakers. What is the idea ...
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Semantics of « à » vs « de » after an adjective and after a noun [closed]

Source: pp 189-190, French prepositions à and de in infinitival complements, A pragma-semantic analysis (2008) by Lidia Lebas-Fraczak, as part of Adpositions: Pragmatic, Semantic and Syntactic ...
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How is « renoncer à » 'monovalent vision' rather than 'ambivalent vision'? [closed]

Source: pp 184-185, French prepositions à and de in infinitival complements, A pragma-semantic analysis (2008) by Lidia Fraczak, as part of Adpositions: Pragmatic, Semantic and Syntactic Perspectives ...
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How does 'envisager de' presuppose nothing situational, but 'hésiter à' does?

Source: p 177, French prepositions à and de in infinitival complements, A pragma-semantic analysis (2008) by Lidia Fraczak, as part of Adpositions ; Pragmatic, semantic and syntactic perspectives ...
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29 views

« essayé de s’évader » : How does « essayer de » not presuppose « s'evader »? [closed]

Source: p 175, French prepositions à and de in infinitival complements, A pragma-semantic analysis (2008) by Lidia Fraczak, as part of Adpositions ; Pragmatic, semantic and syntactic perspectives ...
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How do 'what is risked' and 'potentially risky activity' differentiate « risquer å » from « risquer de » ?

Source: p 368, The semantics of ‘empty prepositions’ in French (1996) by Kemmer and Shyldkrot, as part of Cognitive Linguistics in the Redwoods: The Expansion of a New Paradigm in Linguistics edited ...
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23 views

What special relationship does 'de' reveal between a main verb and the infinitive?

Source: pp 367-368, The semantics of ‘empty prepositions’ in French (1996) by Kemmer and Shyldkrot, as part of Cognitive Linguistics in the Redwoods: The Expansion of a New Paradigm in Linguistics ...
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How does the French preposition 'de' connect to alienable possession? [closed]

Source: The semantics of ‘empty prepositions’ in French (1996) by Kemmer and Shyldkrot, as part of Cognitive Linguistics in the Redwoods: The Expansion of a New Paradigm in Linguistics edited by ...
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19 views

How does the French preposition 'de' connect to inalienablility and subordination?

Source: The semantics of ‘empty prepositions’ in French (1996) by Kemmer and Shyldkrot, as part of Cognitive Linguistics in the Redwoods: The Expansion of a New Paradigm in Linguistics edited by ...
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What is 'spatial-like' about the use of the preposition 'de' in 'citer de [mémoire]' ? [closed]

Source: pp 360-361, The semantics of ‘empty prepositions’ in French (1996) by Kemmer and Shyldkrot, as part of Cognitive Linguistics in the Redwoods: The Expansion of a New Paradigm in Linguistics ...
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39 views

Can syntax be part of semantics?

Is it possible to consider a POS category of a word as semantic aspect? Assume we have unknown word. But when we know part-of-speech it can give us a hint about semantic meaning. Is that right?
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127 views

Is 'unless' semantically equivalent to the (English conjunction) exclusive 'or'?

Preface: I question this here because the author is a full-time linguist. Source: The semantics of "unless" by Brian Buccola BA (Classics, Mathematics) PhD (Linguistics) Bonus question: If ...
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35 views

References and sources to help me explain the semantics of the word 'over'

So I'm doing an assignment on the semantics of the word 'over'. Everyone in our semantics class was asked by the lecturer to pick a piece of paper out of a hat, he then said that we were required to ...
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1answer
53 views

Does “I don't drink.” mean “I don't drink alcohol.” in all languages? [duplicate]

In those languages I'm a bit familiar with, the verb for drinking is very often understood as drinking alcohol, especially if its meaning "the oral intake of any fluid", wouldn't make sense. For ...
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35 views

What motivated the definition of Theme in Semantics?

Source: An Introduction to Language (10 ed, 2014) by V Fromkin, R Rodman, N Hyams [p 163:] The NP arguments in the VP, which include the subject and any objects, are semantically related in ...
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35 views

GermaNLTK: not finding files [python]

Following the instructions of GermaNLTK I tried to install the german NLTK in Python. (I want to use the synsets for semantic-taging.) But I couldn't find the files germanet.py and ...
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how to choose a threshold for Jiang-Conrath Similarity?

I want to compare two sets of keywords. After searching I understood that Jiang-Conrath Similarity is closer correlating with human judgement. I read this definition: Jiang-Conrath Similarity ...
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81 views

How do native speakers determine a word's literal/basic meaning?

For example, to me, the verb "to turn" has a literal meaning along the lines of "to change physical orientation along some particular axis". You can also say "X turned [adj.]", "X turned up (as in to ...
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56 views

Representing prepositions in lambda calculus/logic notation

How would I represent 'for' in "Are you here for a conference?" conference could be represented as lam x.conference(x). a conference could be represented as lam Q x.(conference(x) & Q(x)) I ...
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Is there a name for the concept describing the particular way in which adjectives and nouns interact together to create meaning

A contrived example, but: if I said something like "The Penguin Wars" (Yes, it's a silly example but this is a serious question I promise), such a phrase (bare of any conventional denotations) could ...
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Complete definition of logical connectives and quantifiers?

The list of logical connectives might be subject to debate, but what do you think is the most complete one? For English language and computational logic. I'm looking to implement a semantical ...
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34 views

What separates events such as festivals and tournaments from other events such as running and partying? [closed]

Events are widely defined as things that happen. Actions can take place, but objects cannot, so it would be natural to assume that all events are actions. However, there are many things that we call ...
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52 views

Is there a term for words that modify the intensity of something

Is there a term for words such as very extremely likely super , which modify the intensity of something? Obviously these are all adverbs, but yesterday is also an adverb, and that does not change the ...
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De Morgan's Law in Semantics what decides the rhs and lhs

We take a LHS and RHS in De Morgan's Law. How do we decide upon it? How do we know which one to take as RHS and which one as LHS?
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Entailments Relations

I have problem understanding the entailment logic on these examples and would like some help. Here's my answers: Sally works together with Polly. Sally works. => I think one entails other, but not ...
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Characteristics of Theoretical Linguistics [closed]

I've been asked by my professor to do a research about the characteristics of Theoretical Linguistics, and now I'm stuck. What are these characteristics that makes theoretical linguistics a ...
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3answers
59 views

Do general truths entail existence?

In statements of generic truth like "water boils," does it entail statements like "water exists"? If I describe something not real, am I saying something false? For example, Dragons have wings. ...
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38 views

Identifying core arguments, constituents? [closed]

In the sentence, 'It was raining' what are the core arguments? I think [It] is a core argument and [was raining] is another. This would mean that it is a NP and was raining is a VP. But if this is ...
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68 views

What is the study of language usage types [a question, an answer, a criticism, a complaint an elaboration, etc]

What is the study of language usage types [a question, an answer, a criticism, a complaint an elaboration, etc]? I've heard ontology and typology used interchangeably but not sure either is correct ...
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495 views

Why is “human volunteers” felicitous in English but not in Russian? [closed]

From "Risks from GMOs due to Horizontal Gene Transfer", by Paul Keese: "The introduced gene could not be detected in faeces from human volunteers with intact digestive tracts following the ...
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291 views

How are affirmation, causality, similarity, time, etc… connected?

6 months after asking my original question, I still cannot see any of the connections declared as 'easy to see' or 'not difficult to see' here. The problem is with your assumption that the senses ...
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106 views

Is it possible to determine the number of words in a language?

Recently I got into a discussion with my friend concerning sizes of lexicons of different languages. He stated something about Japanese having considerably more words than English. (The exact ...
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What is the difference between predicate-argument structure and case structure

Predicate's arguments are just case slots, aren't they? So predicate-argument structure and case structure are just the same thing?
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Slot filling corpora

I was wondering if anyone knows of slot filling corpora such as ATIS. I tried finding ATIS but since I am not a member of LDC I couldnt get access to it. Do you know of any place where I can find a ...
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How do I figure out hypernyms / superordinates automatically?

Given a set of phrases like this create a logo avoid kidney stones bcc in office 365 draw a horse bypass surveys 2015 awaken kundalini cycle clenbuterol amend a pdf dm a girl on twitter avoid ...
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Are 'feminism' and 'feminist' part of the same lexeme, or two different lexemes? [closed]

I get the impression they're two different lexemes, but would like some opinions!
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Word ageing: what reliable bibliographical references can be recommended?

I have encountered the notion of "word ageing". Lexemes (unless and until replaced through internal or external innovation) grow older and older, and with time they tend to (1) acquire some additional ...
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Phonosemantics: Doubts on the dimensions of verbs

[Source:] p 13 of 20, Style Stands Still, by John M. Lawler, University of Michigan [4.] -ɔl 2-Dimensional  shawl sprawl scrawl wall (Motion: crawl brawl squall haul fall) [5.] -æp ...
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Measuring semantic complexity of a text

I do not have a linguistic background, but I am working on a research project that involves measuring the complexity of news. One of the metrics that I was interested in is the semantic complexity of ...
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Difference between linguistics and metamathematics [duplicate]

Pardon my ignorance but I don't know a whole lot about linguistics. I actually wasn't aware this was a subject until I started investigating the foundations of mathematics and came upon ...
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128 views

Syntax-semantics interface

In books on generative syntax it is often said that LF itself becomes an input to the so-called syntax-semantics interface to satisfy some conditions (e.g. to get rid of uninterpretable values). But ...
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Felicity judgement for English sentence

I wanted to ask English speakers what they think of the following sentence. John left three years before Bill arrived. In fact Bill never arrived. Is this an acceptable sentence? If not, could you ...
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5answers
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Why does “before” mean both “in front of” and “prior to”?

The word "before" means both "in front of" and "prior to". Not only in English though - in many European languages: in Dutch "voor" means both in Italian "prima" can mean both (afaik) in French ...
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215 views

What are the differences between 'semantics' and 'meaning'?

Actual Question (TL;DR): For the quotes below, I consulted a specialist dictionary: The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (Oxford University Press, 3rd ed, 2014), by Matthews, P. H. ...
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Syntax presupposed by Heim and Kratzer

Heim and Kratzer's "Semantics in Generative Grammar", bases its semantics on some version of transformational syntax. However, it is remarkably inexplicit about formalising the syntax it presupposes ...
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Are the following two versions of a meaning postulate of Montague Grammar equivalent?

Seem I can't use latex commands on here. Latex works on math.stackexchange, maybe it would be a good idea here as well if linguistics.stackexchange is intended to be a place for questions about formal ...
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64 views

Metaphor and metonymy in proverbs

I have a question about metonymy and metaphors in English proverbs below: An apple a day, keeps doctors away. Meaning: Fruit is an important part of a healthy diet Beggars can't be choosers. ...
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Language with without a lexical entry for “before”

Has anyone encountered a language in which there is no lexical entry corresponding to English "before" and the relation of temporal precedence is manifested by something equivalent to "earlier than"? ...
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61 views

Can determinatives be semantically plural?

Number is typically something that applies to nouns. In English, determinatives enter into scalar relationship and select singular or plural heads, but does it makes sense from a semantic point of ...
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78 views

Icon, Index and Symbol

Does anyone know a visual sign that is an icon, an index and a symbol at the same time for all speakers in one community? I thought of the visual sign of a dove, but I'm afraid it is not an index. ...