Semantics is the study of meaning, used to understand expressions through language.

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Slot filling corpora

I was wondering if anyone knows of slot filling corpora such as ATIS. I tried finding ATIS but since I am not a member of LDC I couldnt get access to it. Do you know of any place where I can find a ...
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15 views

How do I figure out hypernyms / superordinates automatically?

Given a set of phrases like this create a logo avoid kidney stones bcc in office 365 draw a horse bypass surveys 2015 awaken kundalini cycle clenbuterol amend a pdf dm a girl on twitter avoid ...
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51 views

Are 'feminism' and 'feminist' part of the same lexeme, or two different lexemes? [on hold]

I get the impression they're two different lexemes, but would like some opinions!
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19 views

Word ageing: what reliable bibliographical references can be recommended?

I have encountered the notion of "word ageing". Lexemes (unless and until replaced through internal or external innovation) grow older and older, and with time they tend to (1) acquire some additional ...
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9 views

How to discard trash topics from topic models? [migrated]

I am undertaking text analysis of some twitter data. In the end I want to have a data that is interpretable. And so in the end I would like to reduce the data to relevant unit of analysis. Topic ...
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23 views

What's the meaning of or/not in logical reasoning questions? [migrated]

I have a simple problem basically I am unable to understand the meaning of some questions involving or/not, and using comma with and. I have the following questions:- 1.Whats the meaning of, say , ...
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45 views

Phonosemantics: Doubts on the dimensions of verbs

[Source:] p 13 of 20, Style Stands Still, by John M. Lawler, University of Michigan [4.] -ɔl 2-Dimensional  shawl sprawl scrawl wall (Motion: crawl brawl squall haul fall) [5.] -æp ...
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45 views

Measuring semantic complexity of a text

I do not have a linguistic background, but I am working on a research project that involves measuring the complexity of news. One of the metrics that I was interested in is the semantic complexity of ...
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36 views

Difference between linguistics and metamathematics [duplicate]

Pardon my ignorance but I don't know a whole lot about linguistics. I actually wasn't aware this was a subject until I started investigating the foundations of mathematics and came upon ...
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2answers
84 views

Syntax-semantics interface

In books on generative syntax it is often said that LF itself becomes an input to the so-called syntax-semantics interface to satisfy some conditions (e.g. to get rid of uninterpretable values). But ...
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33 views

Felicity judgement for English sentence

I wanted to ask English speakers what they think of the following sentence. John left three years before Bill arrived. In fact Bill never arrived. Is this an acceptable sentence? If not, could you ...
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4answers
174 views

Why does “before” mean both “in front of” and “prior to”?

The word "before" means both "in front of" and "prior to". Not only in English though - in many European languages: in Dutch "voor" means both in Italian "prima" can mean both (afaik) in French ...
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61 views

What are the differences between 'semantics' and 'meaning'?

Actual Question (TL;DR): For the quotes below, I consulted a specialist dictionary: The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (Oxford University Press, 3rd ed, 2014), by Matthews, P. H. ...
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91 views

Syntax presupposed by Heim and Kratzer

Heim and Kratzer's "Semantics in Generative Grammar", bases its semantics on some version of transformational syntax. However, it is remarkably inexplicit about formalising the syntax it presupposes ...
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81 views

Are the following two versions of a meaning postulate of Montague Grammar equivalent?

Seem I can't use latex commands on here. Latex works on math.stackexchange, maybe it would be a good idea here as well if linguistics.stackexchange is intended to be a place for questions about formal ...
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1answer
29 views

Metaphor and metonymy in proverbs

I have a question about metonymy and metaphors in English proverbs below: An apple a day, keeps doctors away. Meaning: Fruit is an important part of a healthy diet Beggars can't be choosers. ...
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56 views

Language with without a lexical entry for “before”

Has anyone encountered a language in which there is no lexical entry corresponding to English "before" and the relation of temporal precedence is manifested by something equivalent to "earlier than"? ...
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1answer
57 views

Can determinatives be semantically plural?

Number is typically something that applies to nouns. In English, determinatives enter into scalar relationship and select singular or plural heads, but does it makes sense from a semantic point of ...
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1answer
40 views

Icon, Index and Symbol

Does anyone know a visual sign that is an icon, an index and a symbol at the same time for all speakers in one community? I thought of the visual sign of a dove, but I'm afraid it is not an index. ...
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72 views

Predicate logic

Is anyone good at predicate logic and can help me to paraphrase the meaning of the following sentences? F=favour D=be a dog P=be a park (∀x) (Ǝy) Dx & Py > Fx,y H=hire M=be a manager E=be an ...
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1answer
77 views

What is the name of this text analysis method?

What is the name of a text analysis method where one builds a network of sentences that are connected when they contain words that occur on a predefined reference list of words? So, lets say I have ...
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18 views

How to classify argument elements?

When I analyze an argument told by one person, I recognize that it is so troublesome to classify it into certain elements of argument which consists of claim, support and warrant because it is so ...
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2answers
85 views

The differences between signifier/signified and reference/sense

I take a course in linguistics in my university, and recently we discussed a 2 terms coined by Gottlob Frege: Reference and Sense. To my understanding this duo tries to explain the distinction and ...
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40 views

Classical Greek vs. Colwell's Rule vs. Subset Proposition [closed]

Question: In Classical Greek, how is identification of Subject / Predicate Nominatives, (and Definite-ness), accomplished in constructs consisting of "Untagged/Anarthrous Nominatives w/tagged ...
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1answer
84 views

Predicate - traditional vs modern view / semantics vs. syntax

According to traditional grammar 'Predicate' is part of a sentence that modifies the subject i.e. the sentence can be divided into two parts " subject and predicate" e.g. in the sentence 'the kids may ...
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3answers
67 views

Is semantics language-independent? [closed]

If a word meant for a real world object , and the meaning defines that object then is that meaning a language-dependent one ? If so how can we represent it and processes it ?
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47 views

handling ambiguity in parses

Given a sentence from http://home.uchicago.edu/~bartels/papers/Bartels-Johnson-2015-Cognition.pdf: We describe what can be gained from connecting cognition and consumer choice by discussing two ...
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60 views

representing a sentence in integers ( hopefully retaining semantic value )

I've been trying to convert natural language strings into integers for use in a long short-term neural-network. I tried converting to binary, using a bag-of-words, and an associative-array with each ...
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38 views

Linguistic tools: what works best

I need to know what Linguistic tools are used when proving a bad translation has skewed the original message. I'm writing a paper trying to prove that the message found in present day bibles are very ...
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1answer
61 views

How can it be decided whether two grammatical cases should be taken to be just homophonous (i.e. as separate) or actually equal?

I've come across this in multiple grammars: Two grammatical cases (e.g. ergative and instrumental) are said to be "homophonous" - they make use of the (apparently?) same marker and yet, they are ...
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23 views

Finding semantic similarity between abstracts of academic papers

I am completely new to this area so please bear with me. I am looking for an automated way to compare the abstracts of academic papers and compute a measure of semantic similarity. What I would like ...
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41 views

What is the term for the category of words that request someone else do something

Is there a term for words/phrases which request that someone do something, such as "contact us", "do this", "click here", "share your thoughts" etc.
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53 views

Which parts of natural language cannot be covered ( so far ) by formal semantics?

my question regards a homework a have to write and since I am not a linguist I have kind of a hard time with it. We have on the one side natural languages with its redundancy, ambiguity, speech ...
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119 views

Mathematical foundations of formal semantics in linguistic

First, I asked this on math.stackexchange, someone recommended to go here. I am looking for information on the mathematical foundations of formal semantics in linguistic. After some time, I found ...
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Why do we call sound pitches “low” and “high”?

We use "low" and "high" in everyday speech when talking about sound, pitch or even frequency. However, if you think of it, the sound of a bassoon is no way closer to the ground ("lower") than the ...
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84 views

What is the difference between semantic and grammatical predicates? [closed]

I know that the main difference between semantic and grammatical predicates is that the former are related to argument(s),while the latter are related to subjects. Are there any more differences?
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63 views

the distinction between inchoatives and unaccusatives

I'm having difficulty understanding what are inchoative verbs and how they are different from unaccusative verbs. Is it generally the case that inchoatives are subsumed under unaccusatives? Verbs of ...
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61 views

Why are there presuppositions?

I am working with these two sentences: 1. Alex stopped playing the piano. What I concluded is that the sentence presupposes that Alex had previously played the piano. But why does the presupposition ...
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75 views

Semantic roles in the sentence with ´have´

I would like to ask for help with the clarification of some semantic roles. I am not sure what semantic role may be assigned to SUBJECT in the sentences with ´to have´ I need to assign role in the ...
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3answers
98 views

Why should cognitive semantics and formal semantics co-exist?

Cognitive Semantics and Formal semantics seems to exist. Which is more popular in the field of semantics? Why can not they replace each other?
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103 views

Is there meaning universal?

In linguistics, the term "Universal Grammar" is often heard. In contrast, no one ever tried to propose a theory for universal meaning. Specifically, with no universal meaning, how can we understand ...
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Formalization of information structure

There are many different accounts of "information structure" ("information packaging", "topic-comment", "theme-rheme distinction"). Is there a "frameworkless" formal definition of what topic/focus is? ...
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Are there languages, other than Mandarin, in which negation differs depending on the time interval at which a non-event fails to occur?

Assuming that languages do not create complexities in vain, the existence in Mandarin of two different propositional negation devices - via “bù”, an adverb, and “méi” or “méiyou” (verbs) - seems to ...
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248 views

What is the relationship between lambda calculus and logical form?

I was first introduced to lambda calculus as a way to use syntax to compose the semantic value of a phrase from the semantic values of the components of that phrase. Lambda calculus does more than ...
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62 views

On use and mention in “His name is Joseph but you can call him Joe”

In a sentence like His name is Joseph, but you can call him Joe the names Joseph and Joe are not used 'referentially' (to name a certain male individual) but just 'mentioned', i.e., they are used ...
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96 views

How is the dative case for help being used here?

Swiss-German has dative and accusative case-marking for its objects. In the sentence "I gave him the book," "him" must be marked as dative and "the book" must be marked as accusative. It's clear that ...
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125 views

Where did generative semantics go wrong? Why was their conception of language faulty?

Where did generative semantics go wrong? Why was their conception of language faulty? What were the main weaknesses of generative semantics adherents' claim that "a grammar starts with a description ...
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Is lambda calculus only applicable if syntax trees are binary branching?

Lambda expressions are evaluated "hierarchically"--we resolve functions in the daughter node before we resolve functions in the mother node. In a given constituency, a sister node may define a ...
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83 views

If we can only translate declarative sentences into symbolic logic, then how is symbolic logic useful for linguistics?

I can see how SL can be a decent metalanguage for doing cross-linguistic semantic work, but I feel like it's severely limited by the fact that you can't translate any kind of non-declarative sentence. ...
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At what point in the syntactic hierarchy inside a clause do phrases acquire ‘propositional’ status?

In standard propositional logic, both p and –p are ‘propositions’. In natural language, however, what phrases smaller than TP are ‘propositional’ is much less obvious. For example, take the simplest ...