The tag has no usage guidance.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

3
votes
3answers
107 views

Has English caused any Languages to undergo Sound Change or Grammar Change?

French historically has caused the presence of several unique sounds in English that would not have been present otherwise. For example the "dʒ" sound in "garage". Similarly, I believe I've read ...
3
votes
2answers
55 views

Open source probabilistic dialogue state tracker

Do you know of any simple (form filling) dialogue state tracking systems with a graphical model based dialogue state representation? I'm looking for one to get familiar with the overall model and ...
3
votes
3answers
91 views

Anguish Languish to English Language metric

Anguish Languish is a silly linguistics exercise to replace all words in a sentence with phonemically similar counterparts with no regards for semantics or meaning. The intent is that the original ...
1
vote
2answers
104 views

Is the idea of “simultaneity” in sign language as opposed to “linearity” in spoken language really tenable?

I have seen scholars claim that... "sign languages are simultaneous whereas spoken languages are linear". In my opinion, however, the notion of "linearity" vs. "simultaneity" is misleading at ...
1
vote
2answers
66 views

How does the term “naturalistic speech” differ from “natural language”

Seems some linguists use "naturalistic" -- but I'm not clear on what it means in this context or if it's different from "natural".
2
votes
3answers
164 views

Why does google translate produce awkward sentences

Anyone who has ever used Google translate knows that the translated version is mostly grammatically correct but often extremely awkward to use in a conversation. This is one of the factor which has ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Which sign language should I learn first? [closed]

I want to start learning sign language. The Wikipedia lists several sign languages depending on real spoken languages, and they all have their origins and families and classifications just like spoken ...
1
vote
1answer
218 views

What are common non-lexical indicators of sarcasm expressed orally in English

I've been doing some anecdotal research into what indicates sarcasm in spoken form. My goal is to find indicators of sarcasm without relying on the meaning of the words and sentences themselves. ...
4
votes
1answer
82 views

Is there a public sound bank of the IPA?

I'm looking for a comprehensive audio database of the IPA, spoken by the same individual. I realize the this restriction may not include the full set of the IPA and I'm willing to settle on the ...
3
votes
1answer
283 views

Writing influences speech and viceversa?

For example, language changes over time, but in languages that exist without writing, it changes naturally just influenced by itself. So when writing was introduced, did that start to influence speech ...
4
votes
1answer
200 views

English an Oral, German a Written Culture?

From my perception (native German, lived in UK) German culture is more focused on the written word and values precision and perfection when expressing yourself. English culture on the contrary ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

Do generative linguists use spoken-word corpora?

Do generative linguists use spoken-word corpora for data? Offhand, I don't see why at least some of them wouldn't. I'm not suggesting that the use of spoken-word corpora vs. documented native ...
4
votes
1answer
80 views

How is filler conveyed in a gloss?

Fillers are used in many languages when the speaker signals that he or she is thinking but has not yet finished talking. Things in English like umm, er, uh etc. Is there something that can be put in ...