Tagged Questions

Words, phrases, and acronyms specific to the study of linguistics.

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-1
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1answer
19 views

What is A-movement ? Can I find a short essay that can explain it?

I have been trying to get a summarized idea about A-movement. I wish you could help me out with this . Thanks
1
vote
1answer
35 views

What exactly is the SBAR label from the Penn TreeBank?

From this list of tags: SBAR - Clause introduced by a (possibly empty) subordinating conjunction. This site explains what a subordinating conjunction is. But how can you have an empty ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

“The meaning of words depends solely on mental concepts inside the human brain”

What does "the meaning of words depends solely on mental concepts inside the human brain" illustrate? An internalist or externalist position ? Brief reason why. Thanks !
2
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0answers
34 views

Which grammar framework the terms “predicate/ complement/ adjunct” belong to?

From wiki, there're a number of grammar frameworks. Which framework the terms "predicate/ complement/ adjunct" belong to?
0
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0answers
69 views

What are phi features?

How are some interpretable and some not? Where do they come from? There is a claim that in some languages, like Hebrew, finite T can have either a 'full' set or a partial set - but how is that ...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

What is the difference between a word root and a word stem?

What is the difference between a word's root and a word's stem?
-3
votes
1answer
41 views

For what reason is the term part of sentence not considered a linguistic standard?

Whenever I browse through a book on grammar teaching of a particular language, there is a good chance I'll encounter the term part of sentence. Actually, I can not remember having peeked into such a ...
-1
votes
1answer
23 views

What is the name for the set of all texts expressing the same event?

suppose you want to express an event like "a man picking up an apple from the dirty floor and puts it onto the table", you have many possible ways to formulate a text expressing this even, for ...
-2
votes
1answer
44 views

How do people of Southern hemisphere refer to seasons? [closed]

I wonder whether they call "winter" the December, January and February or the opposite, the June, July and August?
0
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0answers
28 views

What is the purpose of pertainyms?

I came across this term accidentally by reading a question on this forum. When i tried to search for it via google i only got very short definition from various dictionaries. Could you explain in ...
-1
votes
1answer
47 views

What linguistic key terms are necessary to be understood in order to understand the idea behind discours analysis? [closed]

I was asked to get an understanding for what discours analysis is. As for now, this terms has no meaning to me at all, i ve tried to read about the concept in different off-and online encyclopdias, ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Is there a language without words which correspond to the concepts 'I', 'They', 'We'

I was wondering if a language exists without the ability to express the notions of 'I', 'We', 'they' etc. Would it be possible to communicate without these concepts being expressible as a ...
-2
votes
2answers
60 views

How to find origin of a borrowed word?

For example what is the origin of name Catherine? Etymology Dictionary says that: it's from French Catherine, from Medieval Latin Katerina, from Latin Ecaterina, from Greek Aikaterine. The -h- was ...
1
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2answers
250 views

What is it called in linguistics when you change a word from one part of speech to another?

So, what is it called when, for instance, the following happens: mad(noun) > madly (adv) > madlyness (noun)
2
votes
1answer
51 views

Is there a special term describing mental translation between L1 and L2?

Is there a special term to describe the mental translation of a word? E.g. when one sees a recently learned term, they may think of the L1 meaning rather than directly think of the concept.
0
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0answers
9 views

In the context of vocabulary learning, what is “facile access”?

I am reading a book about vocabulary learning. They use the term "facile access". I tried searching dictionaries, etc., found many usages, but no explanations for the meaning. What is the meaning?
0
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0answers
17 views

What is the role of watching articulation in learning pronunciation?

It's obviously easier to pronounce and, perhaps even acquire, a sound or sequence not present in one's native language if one watches carefully a speaker's mouth. What is this phenomena called? Where ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Is there a term ending in “-nym,” that signifies terms that all have the same hypernym?

We have terms like hyponym and hypernym, which convey the relationships "subcategories" and "supercategory". Metaphorically, one could think of such relationships as similar to parent/children ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

What is the term for pairs of words with converse meanings such as (gave<>got) and (bought<>sold)?

I'm seriously struggling to identify a name for the relationship between such words. They are transactional terms,of which there are two parts. They may even show tense. John gave me an apple. I ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

Would an acronym be classified as an icon or an index?

I wonder whether an acronym should be considered as an icon or an index. On the one hand, an acronym is similar to what it stands for, on the other hand, there is often (but not always) a formulaic ...
3
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0answers
66 views

Why is a matrix clause called “matrix”?

I understand what a matrix clause is, but was curious why it's called a "matrix" clause.
2
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0answers
29 views

Center of a set of words

Is there any available algorithm that can take a set of words and attempt to find a word that best represents the "center of mass" of all those words? This would be easy if we can define a distance ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

What does the term cascade refer to in syntax?

In Uriagereka's 1999 article, Multiple Spell-out, the term cascade is used in several places. I just conjecture its meaning but don't get exact one. What does a cascade mean in syntax.
1
vote
1answer
56 views

How are “spectral properties” distinct from “linguistic properties”?

As a linguist, I have a good idea of what linguistic properties of a sound can be: be they describable in terms of distinctive features or whatever. But what, then, are spectral properties? It's not ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Possessive determiner depending on grammatical gender of owner

Consider possessive determiners when the owner is a third person. In many languages, the determiner depends on the natural gender of the speaker (English: he-she-it) or, in languages with grammatical ...
2
votes
2answers
78 views

Term for a similar word that cannot stand for it in every context?

I once learned a term meaning a similar word that cannot stand for it in every context, i.e. a synonym that doesn't work in every instance the original word can (not a hypernym). What is this term?
3
votes
2answers
99 views

Relationship between “see” and “look”

I'm interested in how "see" and "look" relate to each other. I think "hear" and "listen" is similar. Is there specific linguistic terminology that describes how the words relate to each other? To me ...
3
votes
1answer
57 views

What is the linguistics term for descriptive names?

I would like to read more about descriptive personal names, such as "Red Cloud", "His-Horse-is-Crazy", "Salmon Eater", "Twilight Sparkle", "Rainbow Dash", "One who yawns", "Sitting Bull", "One man ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Can the term “homorganic” be applied to vowels and glides?

As I understand it, "homorganic" means having the same place of articulation, and is said of sounds like [k] vs. [g] and [s] vs. [t]. (I couldn't find a definition from a linguistics source on the ...
3
votes
0answers
70 views

What is the consensus regarding the term “gliding vowel”?

I write educational resources about Japanese. In my explanations, I try to avoid using overly technical terms so as to avoid scaring my readers, who tend to be people without a linguistic background. ...
0
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0answers
45 views

Linguistic consultants

I'm writing an article that benefitted from a native-speaking linguistic consultant. I have several linguistic consultants, but this gal in particular really did a lot. She even helped train the other ...
3
votes
2answers
108 views

What's the opposite of a pejorative suffix?

Many languages have a suffix (or some other alteration) that gives a pejorative meaning to a word. For example, in Spanish: pájaro "bird" + -aco → pajarraco "big, ugly bird" What do you call a ...
3
votes
0answers
44 views

What currency does the term “flip sense verb” have in linguistics?

In a recent comment on the question Ergative Verbs and some discussion about them, jlawler introduced a term I had not previously encountered: The rose smells good is completely different; this ...
-2
votes
1answer
41 views

What are the names of the study of words and of the study of sentences in English?

What is the name of the study of words in English? How do you call the study of sentences in English? Does English grammar or linguistics concerns about the study of units larger than sentences? ...
1
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0answers
37 views

What's the term for N-PP expressions such as “lady-in-waiting”?

Does anyone know or can suggest a term for the following expressions: lady-in-waiting brother-in-law sergent-at-arms bride-to-be etc. Expressions like those above are special for (at ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

(in)definite articles

Do any languages distinguish between indefinite and definite articles thus: one beer 1sg-drink `I drank A beer.' beer 1sg-drink `I drank THE/A beer.' That is, is it possible for a language to mark ...
2
votes
2answers
109 views

Term for omitted pronouns?

In informal German, e.g. spoken conversation or text chat, it is possible to omit certain personal pronouns and sometimes inflected forms of sein ‘to be’, too (similar to Russian). Ich gehe ...
2
votes
0answers
80 views

words between polar antonyms - what are they called?

Polar antonyms, (graded antonyms?) are those that are opposite of each other, yet may possess a range of words/states between them; Tiny, small, medium, large, huge. Is there a word or term for any ...
1
vote
2answers
69 views

Do phrase structure rules for natural languages explicitly mark which constituents can consist of coordinated constituents of the same type?

I'm only beginning to review phrase structure rules, so let's take a very basic example: "A sentence consists of a noun phrase + a verb phrase." S --> NP + VP Now the NP can consist of "NP + NP," ...
6
votes
2answers
228 views

What really makes adverbs different from adjectives?

I just tried to answer a question that amounted to knowing whether adverbs can be inflected. Then, doing a bit of search for examples, I came up with the impression that, in many cases, I could not ...
3
votes
2answers
141 views

What are the necessary and sufficient characteristics of a word to be considered as nominal?

Clearly there are morphological "tendencies" (case inflection, no TAM marking) -- but what about the semantic or syntactic characteristics (even if they are just tendencies and not universal)? I ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

What term do linguists use to denote the predicate minus the arguments of the verb?

I would like a term used by linguists that stands for the predicate minus the arguments of the verb. One possible candidate is “verb group.” This link, ...
3
votes
1answer
95 views

Jedediah → Jebediah: how?

Possibly, the name Jebediah derives from the name Jedediah. If so, then what phonological phenomenon is this an example of, and what are other examples of it?
2
votes
2answers
146 views

“He left the room angry” Is this a resultative adjunct?

He entered the room drunk. He left the room angry. I have heard that both drunk and angry are the examples of what is called resultative adjuncts. Is this correct? What does the term mean?
-1
votes
1answer
68 views

Name for statements with exhaustible meaning?

I'm new to linguistics and I'm having trouble finding out if there's any existing literature on statements that have exhaustible meaning. By exhaustible meaning, I'm trying to get at something like ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Whats the difference between the expression “They do not inflect” and “They are defective”

What I understand is that Defective verbs do not inflect. Am trying to understand what the difference is between being defective and not inflecting - from reading the below wiki extract I cannot see ...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

The notion of monotonicity

I am slightly confused bu the notion of upward-monotonicity and downward-monotonicity. I cannot understand what exactly can be defined as upward-monoty and down-ward-monotony, is this definition of ...
0
votes
0answers
121 views

What is “accommodation” in phonetics?

What is "accommodation" in English? What types of accommodation are there? I've tried to search in the Internet, but I could not find proper information.
0
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1answer
60 views

What is the difference between “idiom and proverb”? [closed]

For example 'Kick the bucket." Is it an idiom or proverb? How can I recognize them?
3
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0answers
64 views

What's the difference between word vectors, word representations and vector embeddings?

I have seen word vectors, word representations and vector embedding in those papers (and in a few other places): https://www.cs.toronto.edu/~amnih/papers/wordreps.pdf : words embeddings ...