Tagged Questions

Refers either to tentative or speculative theories, or abstract, usually mathematical, theories focused more on explanation and generalization than application

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8 views

What impact do physical parameters have onto linguistic features?

People, who make up a language comunity, live in different environments with different physical attributes like temperature, amount of rain, aridity, amount of oxygene in the air due to height etc. ...
0
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0answers
29 views

What stages of emergence of linguistic features are proposed among the world of scholars?

In biology, there is a simple two stages distinction of the emergence of life: Abiogenesis, the emergence of a (very simple) life form from non-living matter. Evolution, the further emergence of ...
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0answers
26 views

What are the criteria for a word being a part of speech?

While i browsed randomly the Q&As here, i realized more or less the relationship between part of speech and part of sentence. Correct me if i am wrong: An Element belongs to a part of speech ...
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1answer
42 views

What linguistic key terms are necessary to be understood in order to understand the idea behind discours analysis?

I was asked to get an understanding for what discours analysis is. As for now, this terms has no meaning to me at all, i ve tried to read about the concept in different off-and online encyclopdias, ...
0
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1answer
45 views

Do affixes and clitics belong to an own part of speech, part of sentence or another category ?

Birds, flowers, children belong to the part of speech of nouns, to fish, to pick, to play to verbs, swift, smelly, nice to adjectives those are the easy ones, what about clitics and affixes and such ...
0
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1answer
25 views

What are the different approaches of the levels of language analysis as introduced in structural linguistics?

The levels are as far as i ve been told: discours,syntax,morphology and phonology. What is the unique approach towards language of each of them? Are there further levels?
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27 views

How many levels to approach language exist in linguistics?

I know only a few,like semantic level to approach its very meaning, the morphology level to understand how single words are build, syntax level to understand the inner structure of sentences. I ...
1
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1answer
61 views

Phrases and clauses used as an adverb, and hence don't take a preposition

He had been in precarious situations his entire life. I know here in this sentence his entire life is used as an adverbial phrase and, hence there was no need of placing a preposition before that ...
6
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2answers
125 views

In what situation a constituency-based tree cannot be constructed from a dependency-based tree?

I am confused regarding the distinction dependency- vs. constituency-based tree: to me they look like they encompass the same information but presented differently. E.g. in the Wikipedia example the ...
3
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2answers
151 views

Are “part of speech” and “syntactic type” the same concept?

Are "part of speech" and "syntactic type" the same concept? If not, what are their differences?
0
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1answer
259 views

Differences between paraphrase and rephrase [closed]

What differences are between paraphrase and rephrase? Do they both retain the meaning of the original text, and not add new information? Do they both have similar length as the original text?
0
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1answer
220 views

Would a progamming language in lojban mean that program could be written in natural language? [closed]

Imagine a new computer programming language whose keywords and all other syntax were in lojban (or equivalent language - will explain in a bit). Allowing lojban to be a "natural" language itself, ...
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2answers
147 views

How to solve 48÷2(9+3) from a linguistics perspective? [closed]

Suppose an alien life comes to Earth, and challenges us to answer a question that will allow them do determine if we can communicate without ambiguities and solve controversies in a rational way. The ...
3
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3answers
252 views

Does finite VP exist as a constituent?

A central distinction between dependency grammars (DGs) and phrase structure grammars (PSGs, also known as constituency grammars) is the understanding of the initial division of the clause. ...
1
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3answers
427 views

How would I parse the sentence, “I am not the alien here.”?

I am trying to construct a first-order logic representation of the following sentence. My general approach for constructing the representation is to parse the sentence into a phrase structure tree ...
2
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0answers
54 views

What does it mean that cognition is linguistic in itself?

Cognition is, generally speaking, ‘linguistic’ in itself, in that it is the manipulation of language-like structures (propositions) according to formal rules; (b) the function of natural language is ...
1
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1answer
196 views

Linguistics, a discipline or a field?

This is a two-fold level questions. Question about linguistics from the view point of linguistics. I am interested whether linguistics is a field of science/research or is it a discipline? The next ...
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0answers
27 views

Is there a model describing the relation between language and culture?

Is there a model describing the relation between language and culture ? I'm looking for a model integrating culture as part of the process of human communication.
1
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0answers
104 views

Are there more languages with complex system of interrogative pronouns?

By 'complex system' I mean a system of interrogative pronouns which includes more than just 'animate/inanimate' classes of prounouns, like these of 'who' and 'what' in English (e.g. a special ...
4
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1answer
70 views

Are lexicons finite in principle?

As we all know, every language has open classes of morphemes. If we discovered a new mineral whose natural florescence captured the public's attention, there would be no difficulty coining a new ...
4
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3answers
251 views

Wouldn't a language without recursion still be non-finite at the level of discourse?

[As per comments below, I have edited this question for greater clarity.] I want to know whether a language without recursion, which would generate only a finite number of well-formed sentences, ...
1
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0answers
35 views

What is a language? [duplicate]

How can we simply define a language ? Can we say that a language is an association of a lexicon and a grammar ?
0
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1answer
128 views

Constituents of language

Suppose we take the view that language is a tool for communication. What would be the basic, or essential, constituents of a language? Some examples that come to mind: a set of words a set ...
8
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3answers
1k views

What are the chief advantages & disadvantages of describing sentences with dependency vs. phrase structure trees?

What are the chief advantages & disadvantages of describing sentences with dependency vs. phrase structure (aka. constituency) trees? From what I've read, dependency grammar trees lack phrase ...
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1answer
173 views

Linguistic analysis

Is linguistic analysis scientific, or is it a pseudo-science? Would evidence based on it be allowed in a courtroom, for example? I wrote something that was completely honest and open, but the person ...
0
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0answers
67 views

Is there any universal semantic coding for noun cases similar to verb aspectology?

I am aware of the argument/actant theories, but perhaps there is something like universal semantical coding for the nouns as well. For Argument concepts,you can see the relevant Wikipedia page for ...
6
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3answers
320 views

Mathematical preparation for postgraduate studies in Linguistics

I posted this question in http://math.stackexchange.com/ and it was suggested to me that it would be a good idea to submit the question here, too, as there might be more specialists on the matter. I ...
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1answer
434 views

What are the job opportunities in linguistics? [closed]

I like learning new languages so I am curious in getting a degree in linguistics. What kind of jobs are available as a linguist? What are the opportunities available in this field? From what I am ...
8
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1answer
242 views

Why does there seem to be so much disagreement among linguists?

To put it another way, how much is there that all linguists would be willing defend as correct knowledge about linguistics? I have just finished taking an introductory course in linguistics. One ...
2
votes
2answers
72 views

Link betwen Austronesian and Salishan families

In the Wikipedia article "Dené–Yeniseian languages", it mentions about His [Vajda's] conclusion was that, contrary to prevailing belief, such structures are often preserved intact with little ...
6
votes
1answer
196 views

Why hasn't functional grammar been more popular?

It’s nearly 30 years since Michael Halliday first published ‘An Introduction to Functional Grammar’ and yet, at least in Britain and in the United States, functional grammar seems not to have entered ...
2
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0answers
76 views

Formal approaches to Russian word order

What are the known formal approaches to Russian (or similar languages) word order? I'd expect something expressed in terms of exteded DRT or similar formalism.
9
votes
1answer
327 views

Why exactly is *“I Am America (And So Can You!)” ungrammatical?

Stephen Colbert wrote a book entitled “I Am America (And So Can You!)”. As discussed in a question on English Language and Usage, the title is an intentionally strange way of saying "I am America, and ...
6
votes
1answer
193 views

(Proto-)Uralic case and number morphology

I've read that Proto-Uralic and some modern Uralic languages don't mark number on nouns marked for case. So that, singular and plural is only distinguished in nominative (and maybe accusative?) case, ...
4
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2answers
311 views

Why did generative linguists abandon the notion of kernel sentences?

I've had a hard time finding answers to this question on Ixquick. When I was young, transformational grammarians believed that sentences were derived from "kernel sentences," which were ...
3
votes
1answer
63 views

What does a dictionary need so that a computer can use it to determine the grammaticality of a given string?

I would imagine that it would need a full list of all the forms of all the words, but how much information would need to be told to the computer about each word in order for it to know enough to judge ...
8
votes
1answer
351 views

What defines a unique writing style?

I'm an amateur writer that happens to be a professional programmer. I say this because I've recently jumped back into a personal research project in which the goal is to automate the de-anonymization ...
5
votes
1answer
170 views

Computational models of language acquisition

What are currently used computational models/frameworks of language acquisition? Desired features: models that are biologically plausible (such as neural networks). Personally, I have used ...
1
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3answers
434 views

Are 'cot' and 'cat' morphologically similar?

Can we say that words like 'cot' and 'cat' morphologically similar? I understand morphology as different forms of a particular word, eg. swim, swam, swimming, so my definition of morphology does not ...
7
votes
2answers
282 views

What are the motivations for which direction syntactic trees are built in (top down or bottom up)?

When I learned x-bar theory, there seemed to be an implicit assumption that trees were built top-down, from IP or CP to the VP and its complement, etc. However, as I am learning more about Minimalism ...
10
votes
1answer
206 views

Why do onsets not count for syllable weight in phonological processes?

Whether a syllable has a heavy or light rime is often important in whether it will participate in phonological processes, and whether it will receive stress. For example, in Latin, stress is on the ...
8
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3answers
1k views

Positive uses of vagueness and ambiguity in language

Background The two common explanations for vagueness/ambiguity in language come from Zipf and Chomsky, and both seem to inherently assume that vagueness/ambiguity do not serve a positive purpose. ...
4
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3answers
187 views

Is there a term for “the number of words that must follow a given word to complete a phrase”?

I've been struggling, for a couple of months now to find the term for a concept from computational linguistics. It means something like: the minimum number of words that need to be placed after a ...
9
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3answers
284 views

General mathematical frameworks of language acquisition since Gold

Gold's theorem on the unlearnability of certain sets of languages (among them context-free ones) made several assumptions in its modeling of learning a language: At each time step the learner ...
6
votes
1answer
343 views

Is there serious scientific evidence/vindication for the “linguistic fingerprint” concept?

I was reading a BBC article about "linguistic fingerprints". In my opinion a quite interesting idea, but there seems to exist a dispute in linguistic scientific community according to Wikipedia, how ...
7
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1answer
218 views

In languages with quotative markers, is extraction allowed out of quotative-marked clauses?

That is, is there a language that allows the following type of movement WH1 ... (ATTITUDE-VERB) QUOT ... t1 DP-TOP1 ... (ATTITUDE-VERB) QUOT ... t1
3
votes
1answer
80 views

What is the technical way to talk about patterns that work sometimes vs. those that work always?

To say that John ate something, you say John ate (something), and it's always grammatical. To talk about the state or time of filling some role, you append -hood or -ship, as in womanhood, but for ...
4
votes
2answers
380 views

Is our mental lexicon structured like a tag-cloud system or hierarchical?

Thinking about this discussion on meta i was reasoning about simple self-experiments you can do in psycholinguistics, where you dont need great background knowledge in Cognitive Psychology or ...
10
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2answers
318 views

How do computational linguists abstractly represent a language?

When building models of the evolution of languages or similar phenomena where many different languages are involved and change over time, how do computational linguists abstractly model a language? ...
4
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2answers
359 views

Examples of physical signs adding content to conversation?

I love constructed languages, especially in fiction where I get a taste of constructed culture to go with it. One interesting idea that has popped up a few times in what I've been reading is the idea ...