Refers either to tentative or speculative theories, or abstract, usually mathematical, theories focused more on explanation and generalization than application

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2
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2answers
53 views

what are natural classes and how are they classified?

I know the general concept behind natural classes but what is the philosophy for some classes like syllabic? and are there any relationship between any two classes (like being sonorant and being ...
2
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0answers
59 views

How was De Saussure's Langue and Parole different from Chomsky's Competence and Performance?

Ferdinan De Sassure has proposed Langue and Parole long before Chomsky proposed his Competence and Performance system of linguistic knowledge? I know that they are different but how?
2
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0answers
114 views

Saying words aloud to confirm/disprove accuracy of written language

I had a really interesting thought the other day: Is oral language dominant/superior in some way to written language? I bring this up because every time I need to correct or edit my written words (I ...
-1
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2answers
57 views

Do languages affect the focus of a society/civilization? [closed]

As I have come into contact with different languages in life I began to wonder whether some languages are more geared toward science, efficiency, literature or whatever. It seems like certain ...
1
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2answers
113 views

How far is Natural semantic metalanguage really natural?

The theory of Natural semantic metalanguage states there are about 70 words we need to describe anything. However, for example DEAD we could express like NOT LIVING and for instance Russian often ...
3
votes
3answers
178 views

Is there any neurological/biological evidence of Merge?

To my understanding, there are some linguists that would claim Merge is a cognitive mechanism which came about suddenly at some point in our evolutionary history. Is there any neurological evidence to ...
3
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2answers
102 views

What's the reason behind the “silent n”?

My impression is that the concept of a silent "n" is quite common in many different languages/linguistic families . What is the reason that the "silent n" is so common in language as opposed to other ...
4
votes
4answers
161 views

Is there a unicode for words?

A good QA on StackOverflow led me to this great read about Unicode, The Absolute Minimum Every Software Developer Absolutely, Positively Must Know About Unicode and Character Sets (No Excuses!). It ...
2
votes
1answer
261 views

What is autosegmental phonology?

I am an armchair music theorist and trying to read about John Goldsmith's theory of autosegmental phonology. Can someone summarize the basic principles behind his theory for a linguistic layman?
2
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0answers
74 views

Constraints for the -er affix

I was doing my homework and got stuck with questions iii and iv. The book doesn't contain information regarding these two questions and I don't know what applies here. To me, it seems like: iii) ...
6
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4answers
378 views

Does majority of linguists accept universal grammar?

I was trying to educate myself on "big picture" in theoretical linguistics, and started with often mentioned universal grammar, but found online resources very confusing. According to Wikipedia, ...
4
votes
1answer
141 views

Has Ray Jackendoff's Parallel Architecture paradigm received a formal review or criticism(s) from Chomsky and/or others?

Ray Jackendoff, a theoretical linguist and cognitive scientist at Tufts University, has been developing his theory of the linguistic Parallel Architecture since departing from the narrow syntactic ...
6
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0answers
170 views

Where did the discussion of the language faculty between Fitch, Hauser, Chomsky and Pinker and Jackendoff terminate?

Many of you may be familiar with the debate between FHC and PJ on the language faculty. The "discussion", which became quite heated, first appeared as PJ's response to an article in Science that was ...
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2answers
74 views

Why are there presuppositions?

I am working with these two sentences: 1. Alex stopped playing the piano. What I concluded is that the sentence presupposes that Alex had previously played the piano. But why does the presupposition ...
1
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2answers
167 views

Where did generative semantics go wrong? Why was their conception of language faulty?

Where did generative semantics go wrong? Why was their conception of language faulty? What were the main weaknesses of generative semantics adherents' claim that "a grammar starts with a description ...
0
votes
1answer
13k views

Examples of Linguistic Features?

I'm taking a course "Introduction to Translation" and while i'm reading about the things a translator should do before translating a text is to see what are the salient linguistic features in the ...
1
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2answers
102 views

What's a good example of the explanatory power of autosegmental phonology… for first year undergrads?

Our university is making a crash coarse in phonology for first year students so, while there is a dedicated phono module, there's also this streamlined overview of phonological theory. My job is to ...
1
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1answer
97 views

Isn´t there a contradiction between 'feature-checking' and 'no tampering'?

I have always perceived an inherent contradiction between Chomsky's 'no tampering' idea and ANY version of Merge (or any Merge-like operation) driven - under the principle of Economy - by the need for ...
4
votes
1answer
139 views

Non-projective S in lexical-functional grammar

I'm a student doing some basic research into LFG and I've read some of Falk 2001 Lexical Functional-Grammar: an Introduction to Parallel Constraint-Based Syntax and there's an exercise in the chapter ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

What Sprachgesetze are suggested by Quantitative Linguistics on semantic level? [closed]

Sprachgesetze, verbatimally laws of language, are stochastic statements about features of a language based on empirical evaluation of a corpus. The Sprachgesetze I found are mainly quantitative ...
1
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0answers
46 views

What stages of emergence of linguistic features are proposed among the world of scholars?

In biology, there is a simple two stages distinction of the emergence of life: Abiogenesis, the emergence of a (very simple) life form from non-living matter. Evolution, the further emergence of ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

What linguistic key terms are necessary to be understood in order to understand the idea behind discourse analysis? [closed]

I was asked to get an understanding for what discourse analysis is. As for now, this terms has no meaning to me at all, I've tried to read about the concept in different off-and online encyclopedias, ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Do affixes and clitics belong to an own part of speech, part of sentence or another category ?

Birds, flowers, children belong to the part of speech of nouns, to fish, to pick, to play to verbs, swift, smelly, nice to adjectives those are the easy ones, what about clitics and affixes and such ...
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votes
1answer
246 views

What are the different approaches of the levels of language analysis as introduced in structural linguistics? [closed]

The levels are as far as i ve been told: discours,syntax,morphology and phonology. What is the unique approach towards language of each of them? Are there further levels?
0
votes
2answers
158 views

How many levels to approach language exist in linguistics?

I know only a few,like semantic level to approach its very meaning, the morphology level to understand how single words are build, syntax level to understand the inner structure of sentences. I ...
1
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1answer
147 views

Phrases and clauses used as an adverb, and hence don't take a preposition

He had been in precarious situations his entire life. I know here in this sentence his entire life is used as an adverbial phrase and, hence there was no need of placing a preposition before that ...
7
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2answers
299 views

In what situation a constituency-based tree cannot be constructed from a dependency-based tree?

I am confused regarding the distinction dependency- vs. constituency-based tree: to me they look like they encompass the same information but presented differently. E.g. in the Wikipedia example the ...
3
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2answers
373 views

Are “part of speech” and “syntactic type” the same concept?

Are "part of speech" and "syntactic type" the same concept? If not, what are their differences?
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Differences between paraphrase and rephrase [closed]

What differences are between paraphrase and rephrase? Do they both retain the meaning of the original text, and not add new information? Do they both have similar length as the original text?
2
votes
1answer
623 views

Would a progamming language in lojban mean that a program could be written in a natural language? [closed]

Imagine a new computer programming language whose keywords and all other syntax were in lojban (or equivalent language - will explain in a bit). Allowing lojban to be a "natural" language itself, ...
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votes
2answers
170 views

How to solve 48÷2(9+3) from a linguistics perspective? [closed]

Suppose an alien life comes to Earth, and challenges us to answer a question that will allow them do determine if we can communicate without ambiguities and solve controversies in a rational way. The ...
3
votes
3answers
286 views

Does finite VP exist as a constituent?

A central distinction between dependency grammars (DGs) and phrase structure grammars (PSGs, also known as constituency grammars) is the understanding of the initial division of the clause. ...
1
vote
3answers
497 views

How would I parse the sentence, “I am not the alien here.”?

I am trying to construct a first-order logic representation of the following sentence. My general approach for constructing the representation is to parse the sentence into a phrase structure tree ...
2
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0answers
63 views

What does it mean that cognition is linguistic in itself?

Cognition is, generally speaking, ‘linguistic’ in itself, in that it is the manipulation of language-like structures (propositions) according to formal rules; (b) the function of natural language is ...
1
vote
1answer
394 views

Linguistics, a discipline or a field?

This is a two-fold level questions. Question about linguistics from the view point of linguistics. I am interested whether linguistics is a field of science/research or is it a discipline? The next ...
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0answers
39 views

Is there a model describing the relation between language and culture?

Is there a model describing the relation between language and culture ? I'm looking for a model integrating culture as part of the process of human communication.
1
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0answers
122 views

Are there more languages with complex system of interrogative pronouns?

By 'complex system' I mean a system of interrogative pronouns which includes more than just 'animate/inanimate' classes of prounouns, like these of 'who' and 'what' in English (e.g. a special ...
4
votes
1answer
82 views

Are lexicons finite in principle?

As we all know, every language has open classes of morphemes. If we discovered a new mineral whose natural florescence captured the public's attention, there would be no difficulty coining a new ...
4
votes
3answers
372 views

Wouldn't a language without recursion still be non-finite at the level of discourse?

[As per comments below, I have edited this question for greater clarity.] I want to know whether a language without recursion, which would generate only a finite number of well-formed sentences, ...
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0answers
36 views

What is a language? [duplicate]

How can we simply define a language ? Can we say that a language is an association of a lexicon and a grammar ?
0
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1answer
321 views

Constituents of language

Suppose we take the view that language is a tool for communication. What would be the basic, or essential, constituents of a language? Some examples that come to mind: a set of words a set ...
10
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3answers
4k views

What are the chief advantages & disadvantages of describing sentences with dependency vs. phrase structure trees?

What are the chief advantages & disadvantages of describing sentences with dependency vs. phrase structure (aka. constituency) trees? From what I've read, dependency grammar trees lack phrase ...
-3
votes
1answer
268 views

Linguistic analysis

Is linguistic analysis scientific, or is it a pseudo-science? Would evidence based on it be allowed in a courtroom, for example? I wrote something that was completely honest and open, but the person ...
0
votes
0answers
78 views

Is there any universal semantic coding for noun cases similar to verb aspectology?

I am aware of the argument/actant theories, but perhaps there is something like universal semantical coding for the nouns as well. For Argument concepts,you can see the relevant Wikipedia page for ...
6
votes
3answers
437 views

Mathematical preparation for postgraduate studies in Linguistics

I posted this question in http://math.stackexchange.com/ and it was suggested to me that it would be a good idea to submit the question here, too, as there might be more specialists on the matter. I ...
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votes
1answer
932 views

What are the job opportunities in linguistics? [closed]

I like learning new languages so I am curious in getting a degree in linguistics. What kind of jobs are available as a linguist? What are the opportunities available in this field? From what I am ...
10
votes
4answers
407 views

Why does there seem to be so much disagreement among linguists?

To put it another way, how much is there that all linguists would be willing defend as correct knowledge about linguistics? I have just finished taking an introductory course in linguistics. One ...
2
votes
2answers
82 views

Link betwen Austronesian and Salishan families

In the Wikipedia article "Dené–Yeniseian languages", it mentions about His [Vajda's] conclusion was that, contrary to prevailing belief, such structures are often preserved intact with little ...
6
votes
1answer
252 views

Why hasn't functional grammar been more popular?

It’s nearly 30 years since Michael Halliday first published ‘An Introduction to Functional Grammar’ and yet, at least in Britain and in the United States, functional grammar seems not to have entered ...
3
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0answers
91 views

Formal approaches to Russian word order

What are the known formal approaches to Russian (or similar languages) word order? I'd expect something expressed in terms of exteded DRT or similar formalism.