Questions which apply solely or mostly to the written forms of languages as opposed to their spoken forms.

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2
votes
1answer
46 views

Sources on average retention rate of language based on time [closed]

I am creating a language learning app and am interested in sources/publications which offer statistics on retention rate of languages over time. For example, I have data that my product taught ...
2
votes
0answers
118 views

Saying words aloud to confirm/disprove accuracy of written language

I had a really interesting thought the other day: Is oral language dominant/superior in some way to written language? I bring this up because every time I need to correct or edit my written words (I ...
4
votes
1answer
192 views

Did Latin have lower-case letters and a full stop at the end of sentences in the 1st century AD?

Did Latin have lower-case letters and a full stop at the end of sentences in the 1st century AD? Googling doesn't seem to yield a definitive answer.
1
vote
2answers
111 views

Is a letter a linguistic unit?

According to vocabulary.com a linguistic unit is one of the natural units into which linguistic messages can be analyzed. So, can a linguistic unit be a letter, a syllable, a word or a sentence? ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Is it possible to create a new language for faster communication?

The problem: reading textbooks / nonfiction takes too much time. Solutions: Don't read. Obviously flawed. Learn speed reading. Retention rate will go down, which is undesirable. Design and ...
-1
votes
2answers
69 views

What language is this and what does it mean in English?

Please help identify what this means in English. I cannot read this language and cannot determine what language it is.
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Help identify unknown language

Got this $5 bill stamped with a message in a language I cannot identify.
2
votes
2answers
165 views

Base language of Mitanni Texts

I was going through the sources for early indo-iranian and according to B. Fortson the first documented manifestation of this branch are the proper names in Mitanni Texts. Since the indo-iranian word ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

has there been any research conducted on formality and language learning?

I wanted to know if there has been any research regarding F-score or CF-score (Li, Haiying, "Comparing Two Measures for Formality." 2013.) affecting learning and/or language learning?
1
vote
1answer
92 views

What linguistic concepts reveal changes, in writing from different time periods? [closed]

Explicit Question (TL;DR): I exemplify with English, because it has changed more than e.g. the Romance Languages, for a given time period. For brevity, I use the noun 'disquisition' to mean any decent,...
7
votes
3answers
542 views

What is the Mongolian vowel separator for?

I've heard of the Mongolian vowel separator from programmers, who regard it as an interesting quirk in Unicode. When I google for it, most of the hits are from those revelling in its geekiness. But ...
3
votes
3answers
155 views

Which methodology is use for comparative study between two languages?

I want to study between two languages. In that one is classical language and other is tongue language. How can I compare that two category? Which criteria is used for comparative study? I want to ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Early Modern English spelling variations dictionary

I am building a web application that allows users to transcribe, word by word, Early Modern English manuscripts. I want to tell users when a word they transcribed may be a new spelling variant of ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

Has the way cursive capital “B”s been written changed since the 1950s?

Hopefully the Linguistics Stack Exchange is the best place to ask my question. The opening credits of a cartoon called Gerald Mc Boing Boing uses cursive. To me, it looks like lowercase "b"s are used ...
3
votes
1answer
83 views

Language-dependent glyphs other than CJK?

For those not familiar with Han unification, Unicode uses the same codepoints to encode CJK characters as used in Chinese and Japanese, even when they look slightly different. This has spurred some ...
0
votes
2answers
169 views

What is my first language?

I learned two languages during the "critical period". The first language I was exposed to was my "mother tongue", and so I feel most comfortable speaking in it. I went through English schooling, and ...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

Wordplay in ancient texts

I learned once that ancient texts (for example in Latin) did not separate words. Was that always true or only in specific kinds of documents and writings. Since I have been a bit interested in ...
1
vote
4answers
1k views

Why do European languages use a similar alphabet, but South East Asian languages do not?

Why is it that in Europe, most written languages (Spanish, English, German, ect.) use very similar alphabets (Latin), while countries in South East Asia, which are similarly geographically close to ...
1
vote
1answer
210 views

What language is this text?

I have a set of framed sheet with this text on it. I just wondering what language is this... Thank you!
0
votes
1answer
77 views

How are numerals written in Arabic?

How are multi-digit numbers written in Arabic? For example, if someone wanted to write 123, would they write "321" from the right or in some other way?
5
votes
2answers
195 views

How does one learn the meaning of a new symbol in Chinese?

We've all been there. Say you're reading an article about something, and you come across a new word you've never seen before; how do you find out what it means or what it sounds like? In most non-...
0
votes
3answers
154 views

What is the longest sequence of vowels in one word that you know of? [closed]

What are the longest sequence of vowels in a natural language that you know of? Be aware that this is an orthographic question, not a phonetical. Please state word, language and translation.
0
votes
2answers
130 views

Would someone be able to identify this language and translate the text to english? [closed]

I just bought this bracelet at a random goodwill shop in Boston and it's beautiful, I would just like to make sure I'm not wearing something offensive or religiously significant.
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Which linguistic terms, concepts, theories are particularly associated with narrative writing?

Sure, it is obvious, narrative writing is a subject of linguistics. Nevertheless, the many topics I browsed through in this site randomly very seldom dealt with narrative structures and processes, it ...
-2
votes
1answer
132 views

What languages are these?

Sorry if this question is rather dumb and ignorant for this community, but nevertheless - I have this image and am having hard time recognizing most of the names of the languages, particularly the ...
0
votes
3answers
118 views

Reed Leaf Unilateral Transcription in Hieroglyphic Egyptian. Why isn't there one? Or is there?

So I've begun teaching myself Hieroglyphic Egyptian with James Allen's introduction. He presents a table of transcriptions in European format (he has one with computer, budge, British, and proto-...
3
votes
1answer
178 views

Do native speakers of languages using logographic writing internally vocalize while reading?

I study Chinese as a second language. Listening is my strong point. When I read, I go through this process: see character  imagine myself speaking the pronunciation  think of meaning (from the ...
4
votes
3answers
156 views

Are capital and lowercase letters considered allographs?

I got into a debate the other day with somebody over whether the capitalized and decapitalized forms of certain written words (say, Polish and polish, or China and china) could be considered ...
-1
votes
2answers
121 views

Unknown language on back of paintings [closed]

Can you clarify what language these writings are in and what they say?
2
votes
1answer
142 views

How can I improve my writing fluency in English? [closed]

So this is a problem I've been struggling with for quite some time now. English is a second language for me despite the fact that I've spend a lot of my childhood years in Australia (grades 1 through ...
4
votes
1answer
66 views

Possible methods of input for languages with a lot of diacritic characters

I'm afraid this question may be closed as off topic, but I am struggling to find a more applicable stack to ask this in. I am in the very early stages of studying Babylonian, and I am struggling with ...
3
votes
1answer
277 views

Writing influences speech and viceversa?

For example, language changes over time, but in languages that exist without writing, it changes naturally just influenced by itself. So when writing was introduced, did that start to influence speech ...
3
votes
1answer
714 views

Please help me identify this language (image)

I found this inscription on something I recently purchased, not sure what it is. Can you please help identify it?
1
vote
1answer
106 views

Use of Arabic script for Farsi

Some of the letters of the Arabic script do not represent any native Persian sounds and thus are used only for Arabic loans. Therefore, e.g., there are four "z"-sounds in the Farsi script, ز ض ظ ذ. ...
2
votes
2answers
115 views

Do written languages evolve along the lines of the script?

The medieval sound changes of New Persian are suggestive of tracing back ultimately to the script, so as if to normalize the writting by adjusting the underlying spoken language. Thus the majhul and ...
4
votes
1answer
111 views

Boustrophedonism effects

From the looks of it Boustrophedon texts should be more efficient to read. However, I can't find any modern day research regarding its effects and reasons why it would have fallen out of use in ...
2
votes
0answers
88 views

What are the main factors that define the difference between spoken and written language acquisition?

I am writing an essay and could really do with some help. I am only interested in native language acquisition at this time, there seems to be many sources available on spoken language acquisition but ...
1
vote
1answer
209 views

The manifestation of creativity in written language

I am working on a project where the aim is to create a dictionary of creativity terms. I am a scholar of social psychology and marketing, and the aim the project is to be able to track ideas and ...
3
votes
2answers
166 views

To what extent is a language's morphology tied to orthography, and why do we not consider orthography when doing morphological analysis?

Linguistics classes seem to be mostly concerned with analyzing language in its spoken form. Written language is seen as almost "parasitic" to spoken language. A language's orthography generally gives ...
6
votes
3answers
817 views

Most succinct written language

I am wondering what the most succinct written language is. I would call one language more succinct than another if that language could communicate the same idea as another with fewer characters. I ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

Is there a long list of languages whose writing systems don't use spaces?

Some languages like Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Thai, Khmer use writing systems that don't use spaces. What are other such languages? Is there a list of these languages?
2
votes
3answers
742 views

Are apostrophes and hyphens punctuation marks?

The question is: Would you classify apostrophes and hyphens as punctuation marks? Now, Webster and a lot of other sources define them as punctuation marks. I know for sure that in Russian linguistics ...
3
votes
7answers
729 views

Is it possible to become fluent in any language simply by reading books in that language?

I know the best way to learn a language is to go to a country which speaks that language, but what if you don't have that convenience. Is it possible to become fluent simply through reading books in ...
4
votes
1answer
588 views

Is there an Egyptian hieroglyphic symbol meaning “interpreter”?

I'm doing my dissertation on interpreting and while I've been trying to find out the history behind it, I've come across a few websites which say that interpreting dated back as far as the Ancient ...
1
vote
0answers
95 views

Weird bump in lower-case country names on Google Ngram

I was entering random names in Google Ngram when I noticed that in the late 80s to early 90s, there is a bump in the occurrence of lower-case European country names. See for example: united kingdom: ...
3
votes
2answers
83 views

Symbols that compose a word

Words contain letters (A to Z and a to z), but also apostrophes, such as in the case: don't and even: 'em and even hyphens in the case of: ice-cream or: long wind- ed sentence With regard ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Automatic evaluation of written English - e.g. item descriptions

I'm looking for S/W that evaluates the quality of short English texts, e.g. in terms of grammar, syntax, maybe style or ethnicity. My interest is, for example, in descriptions of items offered for ...
1
vote
1answer
339 views

Looking for Thai letter-frequency resource

I'm currently in Thailand and a bit frustrated with the difficult writing system here. Normally after a week in a country I can learn the writing system to a functional degree (except Han characters ...
3
votes
1answer
198 views

English an Oral, German a Written Culture?

From my perception (native German, lived in UK) German culture is more focused on the written word and values precision and perfection when expressing yourself. English culture on the contrary ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

What are those languages with no one-to-one correspondence between sound and written symbol?

English is not one of those, while German should be. Italian is one of those and French is not. So it seems that this feature does not depend on the linguistic similarity and historical relation among ...