Syntactic theory that postulates "X-bar" (written "X̅" or "X′") categories of phrases

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Genitives without explicit genitive case marking

In English, the NP in the genitive is the specifier of D' under which the genitive 's head subsumes. E.g.: [DP [NP [N' [N Ali]]][D'[D 's][NP [N' [N mother]]]]] In Malay, nouns in the genitive ...
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1answer
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How to apply x-bar structure to split verb phrases?

Consider the sentence "Who will John meet in the classroom?". What would the (s-structured) x-bar tree of this sentence look like? Does "will" still simply go in the T node, or is it a CP-specifier, ...
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1answer
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Predication in X-Bar theory

Where do predicatives (predicative adjectives and nominals) over the subject or over the object fit into an X-bar-tree? For instance: Pedro pintó a María sentada. Peter painted Mary seated. ...
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1answer
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Relative clauses in X-Bar

How do I break down the Complement further in accordance with X bar theory.
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Basic questions on X Bar

When formulating a answer to this question - please note I only have a basic high school level of English. I watched a video on X-Bar theory. I am just trying to get a basic understanding. What does ...
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1answer
132 views

Why doesn't X-bar theory overgenerate?

X-bar PS rules are as follows: XP' -> <spec.> X' X' -> <adjunct> X' <adjunct> X' -> X <comp.> What's stopping us from generating phrases like the following? [SPEC ...
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Multiple Adjectives in an X-Bar Tree

I'm having some trouble integrating phrases with multiple adjectives into x-bar trees. Based on what I can understand from the textbook, I would get something like this (apologies for the verb ...
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2answers
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X-Bar theory and Trees

I am studying linguistics and now this semester my subject is Syntax. I tried a few times to draw a tree using X-Bar theory and Dp's but I couldn't achieve. Can someone please draw a tree of the ...
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X after X construction?

We were given some data and the questions below. I don't need someone to tell me the answer, I just need someone to help explain what X after X construction is. It makes NO sense to me! Major ...
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2answers
288 views

How are topic-phrases represented in X-bar trees

How is the word "elephant" in the following Japanese sentence represented in the corresponding X-bar tree? Elephant trunk long TOP NOM NPST Is the tree flat or are "elephant" and "trunk" ...
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763 views

Basic syntax notation: noun phrase vs determiner phrase

I'm a first-semester student in linguistics and I need clarifications regarding the following trees: (1) and (2) My course notes seem to stick with the first kind of notation but when I read ...
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Is there practical application of X' theory in natural language processing?

I was taught X' theory in generative grammar lectures, only to find out that NLP uses mainly surface grammar-based theories, such as HPSG or statistical models such as hidden Markov models. Is X' of ...