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Top new questions this week:

Correlation Between Voicing and Place of Articulation?

So after studying the phonologies of many languages, I've noticed the pattern that consonants produced towards the front of the mouth are more likely to be voiced, while those produced towards the ...

phonology phonetics voicing  
user avatar asked by Jackson Wilson Score of 3
user avatar answered by user6726 Score of 2

Is the Proto-Slavic root *term (dwelling) related to the Proto-Ugric root *tärɜ „open space, room”?

I am curious about the obscure etymology of the Romanian word tărâm (realm, domain, world, geographical space -- also a poetic word used in folktales in the formula pe celălalt tărâm = otherworldly). ...

etymology slavic-languages turkic-languages romanian hungarian  
user avatar asked by cipricus Score of 2

What's the opposite of semantic parsing?

Semantic parsing is the task of translating natural language into a formal meaning representation on which a machine can act. What's the opposite called? I.e. "translating a logical formalism ...

terminology semantics computational-linguistics  
user avatar asked by dfgdfdfg Score of 2
user avatar answered by Radovan Garabík Score of 2

What are these "unexplained similarities" between Celtic languages and languages from North Africa?

In the section "The linguistic relationship of Welsh" from the book "Modern Welsh: a comprehensive grammar" by Gareth King we can find the following quote: Celtic also shows ...

historical-linguistics indo-european celtic african-languages afroasiatic  
user avatar asked by Ergative Man Score of 2
user avatar answered by Tristan Score of 6

What is the name of the category for the vibrations that the tongue does in linguistics?

There are guttural sounds such as the French R so I'm guessing that there is name for the category of speech sound in which the tongue vibrates! For example, in the words pater, et rubente http://www....

terminology pronunciation latin romance-languages trills  
user avatar asked by Ana Maria Score of 1
user avatar answered by Nardog Score of 7

History of perfect tenses

I am thinking about the history of the verb "have". Why is the verb "have" used as an auxiliary verb in the perfect tenses? When did it start to be used that way?

english etymology history old-english standard-average-european  
user avatar asked by Pablo Score of 1
user avatar answered by Draconis Score of 5

Term referring to the idea that words are contrastive

I recall hearing a lecture, I can't recall the exact context, in which the lecturer made the case that words are fundamentally contrastive - the only way that I can understand what the word "...

user avatar asked by EJoshuaS - Stand with Ukraine Score of 1

Greatest hits from previous weeks:

Why is it called proto-Germanic?

Why have we named this proto language proto-Germanic? Apparently it developed in southern Scandinavia. Then expanded (via migration or contact?) towards what's now Germany. I wonder why linguists ...

historical-linguistics germanic-languages proto-germanic  
user avatar asked by theonlygusti Score of 10
user avatar answered by fdb Score of 26

always | never | "all the time" - what kind of words are these?

always never "all the time" They aren't 'expletives', but they express a non-expiry. What word would describe this type of word? Context : he never brings me flowers; he's always late; you criticise ...

syntax english terminology word-classes  
user avatar asked by OzBob Score of 5
user avatar answered by lemontree Score of 5

dear, ear, fear, gear, hear, near ... why are bear/pear pronounced differently?

In class last week we were looking at pronunciation ... and something caught me out. Why are some words spelt very similar to multiple others, yet pronounced so differently? Is it because of their ...

english orthography pronunciation  
user avatar asked by user4830 Score of 3
user avatar answered by Michaelyus Score of 17

Do any languages use words like particles to represent commas, periods, hyphens, quotes, parentheses, etc.?

Wondering if any languages use words, particles, or other speakable markers to represent punctuation like periods, commas, hyphens, quotes, parentheses, question marks, exclamation marks, or ...

spoken-language sign-languages punctuation  
user avatar asked by Lance Score of 12
user avatar answered by Draconis Score of 34

Is "double positive meaning negative" a common phenomenon?

The following joke is popular: An MIT linguistics professor was lecturing his class the other day. “In English,” he said, “a double negative forms a positive. However, in some languages, such as ...

semantics pragmatics negation  
user avatar asked by Bozho Score of 22

Automated French/Italian/German to IPA transcription

I'm looking for a website or software that will take text written in a source language and produce a transcription in IPA. The languages I am interested in are French, Italian and German, but if you ...

phonetics computational-linguistics ipa transcription tools  
user avatar asked by Robin Score of 18
user avatar answered by reece Score of 26

Why does English not have a cognate of words like heter, in Swedish, or llama, in Spanish, etc?

This is something that I think is present in most languages. If I were to present my self in English, I might say: My name is DisplayName. Where as in other languages I can both say: Mitt namn ...

english germanic-languages romance-languages names  
user avatar asked by DisplayName Score of 30
user avatar answered by Yellow Sky Score of 44
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