All Questions

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0answers
14 views

How did L. maneō “to remain” come from PIE *mn-eh₁- “to remain” < PIE *men- “to stay, stand still”?

AHD-IER (Watkin, 2011) P97 gives PIE *man-e- for L. maneō: Variant suffixed (stative) form *man-e-. MANOR, MANSE, MANSION, MENAGE; IMMANENT, PERMANENT, REMAIN, from Latin manere, to remain. ...
1
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1answer
15 views

Paradigmatic vs syntagmatic relationship

I was exploring some various aspects of corpus linguistics and studying different approaches to corpus research on the internet when I came across these phinomena of paradigmatic and syntagmatic ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

How do accents of a whole town drift?

I've heard it said that accents of towns drift over time. I find this hard to comprehend as how could an accent of a whole town change? I think it is established that we mainly pick up our accent ...
0
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0answers
18 views

Does high-context manifest in Japanese grammar and syntax?

Supposedly being a high-context culture, do modern Japanese text genres also sport a higher prevalence of ellipsis? Do Japanese texts, by and large, sport more kinds of high-context manifestations ...
-2
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0answers
34 views

ESP vs ESL and EFL [on hold]

I want to know the differences between English as a foreign or second language and how both of them can be different or related to ESP
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Is there a tendency to name money after other things?

Back in Spanish.StackExchange there was a question about the use of the word plata (literally "silver") in American dialects of Spanish instead of the proper word, dinero. European Spanish also avoids ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

Why a verb “to be” has a lot forms

I really can't understand why this verb changes to "am", "is", etc. The common answer is "just became as historical legacy", but how actually it happend?
1
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1answer
109 views

IPA Sound used for grapheme 'R' in some English dialects?

A number of years ago, I was working with some friends on conlanging for a fictional society. At the time, we didn’t know about IPA or formalized sound descriptions like “voiceless ...
-3
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0answers
28 views

Linguistic or stylistic features [on hold]

Explain the impact of any linguistic or stylistic feature of an excerpt from any biography.
-1
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3answers
89 views

Why is the word “idiot” so similar between multiple languages?

Weird question, granted, but I was just looking around on Google Translate and I noticed that the word "idiot" is basically the same across quite a few languages, here are a few examples: Italian: ...
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0answers
25 views

Is there a modification of Bloomfield's (1926) definition of a word that would include function words?

Bloomfield (1926) defined a word as the following: A form which may be uttered alone (with meaning) but cannot be analyzed into parts that may (all of them) be uttered alone (with meaning) (p. 156) ...
4
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2answers
71 views

Grammatical category definition

Can anyone provide a good formal definition of the notion of grammatical category? I am primarily referring to morphological categories, such as case, tense, gender etc., rather than to syntactical ...
-1
votes
1answer
24 views

Interactive class exercises with Praat

I’m teaching a seminar crash course in linguistics to first year undergrads next term. It’s just 3 one hour lectures, and should be fun and engaging. I want it to be hands-on, and give students a ...
-1
votes
1answer
41 views

Politeness particles `krap`/`ka` [closed]

What is the original meaning of krap/ka politeness particles and what are their equivalents in Indo-European languages?
1
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0answers
22 views

Force Aligner Trainers

I've been trying to use the Montreal Force Aligner in order to try and train a model for a language I've been working with for alignment of future data. However, I keep throwing a ton of errors, and ...
-2
votes
0answers
31 views

Why is Papadopoulos such a common surname in Greece? [migrated]

(I'm not sure if this is the correct Stack Exchange to post this question, if even there is one. Please migrate if needed.) Papadopoulos is the most common Greek surname. It means "son of a priest". ...
0
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2answers
55 views

Finding Natural Classes

I have a question regarding exercise 1, chapter 4, Introductory Phonology by Bruce Hayes. Suppose we have the features high, low, back, round. We are given the table below, representing the vowels ...
-4
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1answer
27 views

what do we call a subject and a predicate? [closed]

When analyzing the constituent structure of a sentence what do we call the subject on one hand and the predicate on the other ?
0
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1answer
62 views

How Thai Vowels Work

I am trying to put together a worksheet to understand how the Thai script works. I am looking here and here. The wiki page seems to suggest that there are two types of symbols: combining characters ...
0
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2answers
58 views

Source on approximant fortition

I'm starting a project that examines the phonetics of palatal approximant fortition (with a variety of outcomes) in several dialects of Spanish. There's a great deal of existing Spanish linguistics ...
0
votes
1answer
325 views

How Hebrew Vowels Work [closed]

I am trying to find a document that clearly explains how to apply Hebrew vowels (and what all the combining characters are for Hebrew vowels), but I haven't been able to find anything after a few ...
1
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0answers
63 views

Does 'on' mean the same as 'a' or 'à'?

unless (conj.) mid-15c., earlier onlesse, from (not) on lesse (than) "(not) on a less compelling condition (than);" see less. The first syllable originally on, but the negative connotation and the ...
-2
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0answers
37 views

What type of semantic shift did 'unless' undergo, when 'on less than' shifted to signify 'if not'?

unless (conj.) mid-15c., earlier onlesse, from (not) on lesse (than) "(not) on a less compelling condition (than);" see less. The first syllable originally on, but the negative connotation and the ...
0
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0answers
5 views

“On” is optional with time expressions, no? [migrated]

I say "I don't have any events June 1st" and "I don't have any events on June 1st" are both acceptable grammatically. The rest of the group, which includes a couple people calling themselves linguists,...
1
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0answers
27 views

Compositional semantics without possible

Is there a way to do compositional semantics without possible worlds? Especially in the case of semantics of fictional objects. I was trying to think of fictional objects as 'grammatical object' so ...
3
votes
2answers
152 views

Is there a term for the way that 'th' is pronounced differently in 'thin' and 'this'?

The point of the example in the question in the title is that, to my knowledge, there are no minimal pairs that contrast [ð] and [θ] in English, yet, if someone pronounced a word with those sounds ...
1
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3answers
243 views

Concept of clitic

I am trying to understand the concept of clitics. In the paper, "Feature Analysis of Danish Pronominal Paradigms with a View to a Danish Application of the Pronominal Approach", it is stated ...
0
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2answers
88 views

When is a thing correctly called a person? [closed]

When does a thing become a person, in any language. When is it correct grammar to refer to a thing as a person?
0
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0answers
329 views

What is the language spoken in Babylon? [migrated]

In the short novel "The Lottery in Babylon", Jorge Luis Borges describes an imaginary society where a Lottery decides the fate of the people, with omnipotence and foresight. At the beginning of the ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

Examples of languages with complex “formules de politesse”

French uses complex word arrangements to say "best regards" and "yours sincerely" to finish well written letters, i.e.: Nous vous prions d’agréer, Monsieur, l’expression de nos sentiments respectueux ...
4
votes
1answer
96 views

What kind of verbs take three arguments?

"The man paints the wall red". The verb to paint can take three arguments, the object, the subject and the colour of the paint. What kind of verb is this? "The man colours the paper blue". I think ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Verb processess

I am studying Discourse Analysis and I need to analyze a text regarding its verbal processes. Everything was going well until I saw this sentence that is burning my head completely!! : I am ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

minimal pairs for Portuguese

Does anyone know of a list of minimal pairs for pronunciation, preferably with audio files? So far the best I have found https://european-portuguese.info/minimalpairs but this is specific to European. ...
1
vote
2answers
102 views

Can we predict language death just by looking at grammar?

Is it possible to predict that a language is about to die out just by looking at its structure? So without taking into account the number of native speakers it has and other external factors? If so, ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Standardized and ambiguity-free language

Is there exist a language (the natural or the constructed one) with a completely standardized and ambiguity-free rules, and which is suitable for the modern use? I am wondering for a language which ...
1
vote
0answers
91 views

Why would French fit science, and English fit literature?

I happened upon this on r/asklinguistics that, being 9 months old, has time-barred comments. I've a shade rectified some mistakes and rewritten it. Noam Chomsky, in some interview, said that ...
3
votes
0answers
24 views

Does UG supply default values for parameters (in P&P syntax)?

Principles And Parameters syntax posited that along with some principles, there were parametric settings for certain properties, which are either "on" or "off" in a language. Examples are the "head-...
3
votes
1answer
70 views

Where does Texan English derive its l-vocalization?

My English teacher grew up in Texas and unsurprisingly her native dialect is Texan English. I noticed that when intervocalic /l/ is followed by /i/, the /l/ is elided and /y/ takes its place. For ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Origin of “boor”

The Talmud frequently calls an individual a "boor". Two examples: It has been reported: If one has learned Tanach and Mishnah but not Talmud, Rabbi Eleazar says he is an ignoramus [am ha-aretz]; ...
-1
votes
1answer
35 views

Reference request on sociolinguistical matters

I am not linguist, but I am looking for reference on the following matter: 1. Social function of language and relation of the function with other functions of language. 2. Variability of language on ...
0
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0answers
28 views

Word for naming complex phenomena

Is there a word or a (catch) phrase for naming more or less complex, mostly abstract phenomena? An example for this is the naming of the phenomenon known as serendipity as "serendipity". Reification ...
3
votes
1answer
235 views

Jargon request: “Canonical Form” of a word

I have zero experience with linguistics. Some friends told me that my question is one in linguistic, so I decided to give a shot here. Question While designing a dictionary, people collect words ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Marking phoneme boundaries - how to decide on the transitions?

I'm currently labelling some singing data, which contains very slow transitions between vowels. The data often have prenuclear glides and diphthongs together. The picture below is an instance (the ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

phoneme-level forced aligners?

I am aware of a few available aligners: P2FA, ProsodyLab Aligner, Montreal Aligner, etc. Specifically, I'm trying to use the Chinese version so I tried Chinese P2FA. It can align syllables quite well,...
1
vote
3answers
118 views

Is the distinction between phoneme and allophone useful in language learning?

IPA purpose seems straightforward to me: map all the known ways to produce sounds using the mouth to symbols and, for a specific language standard/dialect, map the possible sounds of it to these ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Grammatical case vs semantic case

I'm not sure what these terms mean. In my lecture notes I wrote that grammatical case is used to show the syntactic functions of a nominal syntagm, depending on its relation to the verb. Semantic case,...
0
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0answers
108 views
+50

Which semantic shift befits the legal meaning of 'consideration'?

If I had to guess from Typology by Blank (1999), specialization of meaning? Frederick Pollock. Principles Of Contract. (1902) p. 170. p. 220/400 here.         The name of ...
0
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1answer
52 views

Is there a term for mismatch between time and word order?

Is 'word order' the correct term? Does anyone know of other examples from the literary canon? I can think of merely one in English from As I Lay Dying (1930): I can remember how when I was young I ...
4
votes
2answers
214 views

Why did Canadian English remain so close to standard U.S English?

TV Stereotypes about exaggerated Canadian accents not withstanding, to me Canadian English sounds identical to standard U.S English. I can't tell English speaking Canadians from Americans with ...
2
votes
2answers
119 views

Words that signal future content

Some content words signal that future content will likely follow. The words seem to act as a typing system for instances of the content. For example: "I have an idea." --> one expects the idea to ...

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