I've got a printout of the Arabic alphabet, reproduced below.

Arabic Alphabet

The trouble is when I look at certain words, I can't make out what letters are in there. For example, the Arabic word for camel is جمل.

But I can't find that first letter in my alphabet sheet. It doesn't resemble any of the letters.

So, are there "hidden" letters, or perhaps, are some letters shaped differently in different situations? Are there upper/lower case? What's going on?

  • 3
    -1 Please look up the relevant Wikipedia entry before posting a question.
    – robert
    Commented Feb 10, 2015 at 14:18
  • You can also google this if there is certain stuff about it. Commented Jan 26, 2019 at 21:53

2 Answers 2


Most of the letters have separate initial, medial and final forms. جمل is ج plus م plus ل. I suggest you look at an Arabic textbook.

  • 1
    Reminder: those Arabic letters are listed on alphabet list. Commented Jan 25, 2019 at 23:42

Here you see the Arabic letters in isolated position, at the beginning of a word, in the middle and at the end of a word.


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