I am starting studying linguistics independently. I have a few basic doubts.
English has following types of words: nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verb, adverb, preposition, conjunction, interjection.
It seems that this is capable of describing anything. But can there be more type of words? Also can we have languages that uses less types of words but still are capable of describing anything
Also there is something called auxilary verbs also called helping verbs in english. For e.g.:- Does he want that? In this sentence "does" is the auxilary verb which adds further meaning to the verb "want". It is possible that there is single verb which combines both the meaning of "does" and "want". So are auxilary verbs necessary?
Hope the questions makes sense. Basically motive of the questions is to understand parts of speech and get an idea on why they are important. Thank you