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What is the rule that predicts the distribution?

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    If it's for a class, it would be helpful to know the theoretical framework you're using for allophonic rules. If you just want a description of the distribution, however, then it's [z] before phonetically voiced consonants and [s] in other places. Besides this pattern, though, many Spanish dialects use allophone [h] for a coda /s/. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spanish_phonology#Obstruents – brass tacks Mar 28 '15 at 3:12
  • thank you :) It is a homework question. We are given some data in Spanish and asked whether {s} and [z] are allophones of the same phoneme or separate phonemes. Thank you. – Arielle Mar 29 '15 at 22:03
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    What are your thoughts so far? Have you made any progress? – snailplane Apr 2 '15 at 7:49
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Yes, unlike English , in Spanish [z] is only a realization of /s/ (where s becomes before voiced consonants), and appears nowhere else in the language. So it’s only an allaphone of the phoneme /s/ ; whereas in English, existance of minimmal pairs such as “sip” amd “zip” proves /z/ to be a distinct phoneme from /s/.

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