I have some examples like this from an undated manuscript about an unnamed language and I'm trying to extrapolate some observations about the nominal systems.

zumbru – hat – 'hat'
zumbru-g – hat-1poss – 'my hat'
zumbru-:-g – hat-FORMER-1poss – 'my former hat' (but not anymore my hat!)

I'm not sure how to gloss the -:- suffix here. It means ‘former’ but only seems to be used in possessive constructions.

Do you know any other languages that have such a suffix and if so, how is it glossed?

  • 1
    Is this a real language?
    – fdb
    Mar 29 '15 at 23:44
  • Yes, it's a real language. Is there a technical name for a nominal suffix meaning like "ex-" - would it be inflectional or derivational?
    – Teusz
    Mar 30 '15 at 5:11
  • What language is it?
    – fdb
    Mar 30 '15 at 9:00
  • As I said, I don't know. I just have the data. I guess it's an interlanguage, Amazonian (Carib?) + Spanish. Any idea of how to gloss a suffix like "former"?
    – Teusz
    Mar 30 '15 at 10:05
  • 2
    I do not really think we can comment on unsourced data in an unidentified language.
    – fdb
    Mar 30 '15 at 11:01

In Guarani, the derivational suffix -kue means former, ex-. It's also used in Jopara, the mix of Guarani and Spanish.

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