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ӯ - Tajik

ҷ - Tajik

ӣ - Tajik

ҳ - Tajik

х - Tajik

ғ - Kazakh

And what is the difference between қ and к in Kazakh? I would prefer an answer that doesn't refer to the IPA. For example, I know that ғ refers to the voiced uvular fricative ʁ, but this tells me nothing about the sound it makes.

Thanks.

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    If you don't want IPA I do not see how we are supposed to answer your question. – fdb Mar 31 '15 at 10:47
  • @fdb By actually describing the sounds? It sounds like the asker doesn't know what "voiced uvular fricative" means. – Zgialor Apr 4 '15 at 3:13
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    It's not the purpose of this site to replicate information easily available in phonetics textbooks or Wikipedia. – curiousdannii Apr 27 '15 at 14:22
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  • First letter ӯ or Ӯ(capital) - always sounds like u in ('burn')
  • Second letter ҷ or Ҷ - is same as English "J"
  • Third letter ӣ or Ӣ - like y in "crazy", but be careful this letter always comes at the end of the word and there is one more letter "й" which might be used in the middle of word.
  • Fourth letter ҳ or Ҳ - same as English "H"
  • Fifth letter x or X - this one sounds slightly different from English letters, this would sound more like combination of "k" and "h" ="kh", actually even while Tajiks are using Latin alphabet for this X they probably type "KH".
  • And there is also ғ or Ғ in Tajik, if you have heard how does the French pronounce "R" the Tajik Ғ sounds the same. It is like combination of "G" and "H"-"Ghe" but more likely pronounced with a small gargle Good luck for learning Tajik
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You could listen to the Tajik examples on Forvo, so that you can "experience" <Ӯ>. Be warned that many of the recordings are crappy, and the volume-swings from token to token can break your eardrums. This guy made some reasonable recordings. You can get Kazakh here.

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