[Source:] [D1.] dispose (v.) - (a) to arrange in order; (b) to lean toward or incline (typically used as a past participle). ...
[D2.] dispose of (phrasal v.) - (a) to throw away or discard; (b) to settle or attend to.

1. How and why does the particle of change the definition of dispose from D1 to D2?
Why does D2 require the particle of?
I already understand and so ask NOT about the above definitions. I heed the Etymological Fallacy. I recognise idioms' illogic, but what are some right ways of interpreting this idiom, so that it feels reasonable and intuitive?

2. « de » in French   roughly means   of in English. But contrary to D2:

[D3.] « disposer de » = have (at your disposal).

How did the particle « de » (= of) induce opposite definitions (D2 and D3) for the same root verb (though in two different languages)?

  • "dispose (v.) - (a) to arrange in order;" I've never heard of this! I have heard of the second sense "to lean toward or incline", but I would turn "typically" into "always" What dictionary is that from?
    – curiousdannii
    Apr 17 '15 at 1:24
  • @curiousdannii I forgot to cite the source; I've updated the OP. Thanks for alerting me.
    – NNOX Apps
    Apr 17 '15 at 2:23
  • Well your source doesn't explain where they got it from either...
    – curiousdannii
    Apr 17 '15 at 2:25
  • @curiousdannii What about definition 2 at oxforddictionaries.com/us/definition/american_english/dispose: 'Arrange in a particular position:' ? Please advise if this helps?
    – NNOX Apps
    Apr 17 '15 at 2:29
  • My answer to this question might have some of the information you're looking for. Combined with the "motion away from" sense of "of", "dispose of" makes sense: putting things into their proper place—away from here, possibly in the garbage. "De" in French only corresponds to English "of" in that both long ago expanded into catch-all prepositions.
    – Ben Kovitz
    Apr 17 '15 at 12:00

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