Given a sentence from http://home.uchicago.edu/~bartels/papers/Bartels-Johnson-2015-Cognition.pdf:
We describe what can be gained from connecting cognition and consumer choice by discussing two contexts.
From a layman's perspective, "by discussing" may link to either of two former phrases contained in this sentence.
How does any school of parsing (e.g. popular ones like dependency parsing, constituency parsing, and others) preserve the ambiguous linkage of "by discussing two contexts" to both "describe" and "connecting"?
Is preserving the ambiguity only possible by suggesting two separate parses, or is there a kind of parse that, inherently, preserves the ambiguity?