Which, if any, of the world's languages have both the following features?

  1. Syllable-initial vowels are disallowed; all syllables must begin with a consonant.
  2. There is no glottal stop phoneme.

2 Answers 2


As reported by Lin (1977) (Phonology 14:403-436), there is no glottal stop and no initial vowels in Piro. If you can get Thargari Phonology and Morphology (T. Klokeid 1969, Pac. Ling. Series B #12), you can confirm or deny whether that too is an example.

  • So the language is Thargari? You might want to make that more clear in your first sentence. Doing a google search came up with this link which supports that all syllables in Thargary have an onset: books.google.com/… Commented Jun 27, 2015 at 5:38
  • 1
    I have the publication by Terry Klokeid and can confirm that Tharrkari (the spelling preferred by the people) syllables are all C initial. Also, it does not have glottal stop (few languages do in Western Australia). Commented Jun 27, 2015 at 14:06
  • But I'm sure there are plenty of other languages that require C initial syllables and don't have glottal stop, probably many such in Australia. Commented Jun 27, 2015 at 14:07
  • I wonder if it has homorganic glide + vowel syllables though, like /ji/ and /wu/. Those seem to occur in Dyirbal, another Australian language that is said to have no syllable-initial vowels. Commented Feb 20, 2018 at 5:57

There's an Australian language Lardil that has both of the features the OP is asking for:

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.