2

The causative verbs in germanic languages are built upon the preterite of a strong verb. However there's one verb that seems to fall out of that scheme:

Swedish: vakna - väcka; German: (auf)wachen - (auf)wecken

What's up with it?

2

It's different in another way as well - as you can see from the English 'to wake' 'to waken'. Most causatives are created by adding an '-i' in Germanic see the English pairs 'drink/drench < *dranki-' (with i umlaut and palatalisation), 'sit/set < *sati-', 'lie/lay'; in 'wake/waken' an -n is added. This is an alternative mechanism for creating causatives, mebbe's related to the other 'n' verbs which create verbs out of adjectives such as 'hard/harden', 'weak/weaken' I suspect the reason why lies in the class of verbs - Germanic '*wakanan' is a class 6 strong verb.

| improve this answer | |

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.