I do not have a linguistic background, but I am working on a research project that involves measuring the complexity of news. One of the metrics that I was interested in is the semantic complexity of a text (newspaper article).
I use an automated content analysis method to analyse thousands of articles, so this measure (or index) should be universally applicable to any English language text.
I don't really now if it's possible to measure semantic complexity in such a way, but any suggestions, references to literature etc. would be greatly appreciated. Thanks.