In French (and many other languages), adjectives and pronouns have different classes, e.g.:
I would say that adjectives and pronouns fall under the umbrella of a grammatical category, but I can't think of a way to describe how they are further classified - what is the name of the class of modifiers (as listed)? Unfortunately this is probably a very simple question, but I can't find related terms (for English) even in a intro-level linguistics book like How English Works by Anne Curzan, or through Google.
Edit: It seems to me that demonstrative pronoun is more specific than just pronoun. That said, is there a name for the class of words that further specifies the category (e.g. pronoun --> demonstrative pronoun)?
Edit 2: I'm asking about these in terms of syntax. A pronoun can have multiple syntactic categories, for example the word qui in French functions as an interrogative pronoun as well as a relative pronoun. Interrogative and relative belong to some category under the pronoun umbrella, but what is that category? It's can't possible just be a 'pronoun type'... I would think that there is some linguistic term to describe this.