Abbreviate ED as earlier dialects of your modern first language(s). I desire to read writing written in only ED (eg: philosophy written in English or French dated from 1400) and NOT in languages which must be learned from scratch, but I have been failing to understand ED's olden morphology and syntax. Old vocabulary is not a problem because dictionaries address it.
1. Without a modern gloss or paraphrase for the work in ED, should you learn ED? If so, how? As if the ED were new languages? If not, how can you understand the original texts written in ED?
2. I can read and ask not about writing after 1850, because their grammars resemble today's grammar.
3. I ask not about ED that simply differ too much, and must be learned as a new language (eg: Old English).
4. This question presumes the inefficiency and futility of struggling word-by-word, which I already attempted to no avail. As I wrote on ELL, it is too inefficient to question anew every long sentence that confuses me, and so I must transcend this approach 'by chance', which feels like a wastefully haphazard, torturous crawl of piecemeal creeps that hobble too narrowly to reach, even the rungs towards, the apex of sentential comprehension sought.