I wonder whether English crush and Russian крушить (krushit', "to crush") related?

  • 1
    Obviously yes, they mean the same thing, and have similar sounds. You presumably mean "do they derive from the same historical source". "Relatedness" isn't just about etymology.
    – user6726
    Sep 28, 2015 at 18:18

1 Answer 1


The Slavic k cannot correspond to the Germanic k due to the Grimm's law, Slavic kr corresponds to the Germanic hr, e. g.:

Rus. krug 'circle' : Angl.-Sax. hring 'ring'

Rus. krov' 'blood' : Old Isl. hrár 'raw'

Rus. krasa 'beauty' : Old Isl. hróðr 'glory'

The two words are not related.

  • 3
    But is English crush believed to derive from PIE? According to OED 1 crush derives from a French word with Romance cognates whose origin is only conjectured to be Germanic, based on a known MHG word derived from a hypothetical OHG chrosan. And what is the origin of the Russian? Might it be borrowed? Sep 28, 2015 at 19:37
  • 2
    @StoneyB - The Russian krushit' is by no means a borrowing, it has many other words of the same root in Russian, it is derived from the noun krokha 'a crumb', which has cognates in the Baltic languages, Lithuanian krušà, Latvian krusa both meaning 'hail', and in Greek, κρούω 'to crush, to knock'.
    – Yellow Sky
    Sep 28, 2015 at 20:14
  • By the way, from where crumb and crash come?
    – Anixx
    Sep 28, 2015 at 23:43
  • @Yellow Sky but Russian word крах is a borrowing.
    – Anixx
    Sep 28, 2015 at 23:45
  • @Anixx - Etymology of crumb and crush. The Russian крах is a borrowing from German Krach which comes from Middle High German krachen, from Old High German krahhōn, from Proto-Germanic *krakōną, cognate with Old English cracian, Modern English crack. All these words are also not related to one another and not related to crush and krushit'.
    – Yellow Sky
    Sep 29, 2015 at 10:29

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