In the book Concepts, Ontologies, and Knowledge Representation, the author makes a distinction between syntagmatic and paradigmatic semantic relations. That's clear enough - but then he raises a third kind of semantic relation called attributes (see attachment).
Class attributes are assigned values that are attached to the concept and will therefore be the same for all instances of a concept.
- instance attributes can be assigned different values for each instance (extension) of a concept.
- Local attributes are same-name attributes attached to different concepts.
- Global attributes can be applied to all concepts in a particular conceptual structure, for example, in an ontology.
I don't understand how to compare these three kinds of semantic relations. Attribute relations seem so unlike the paradigmatic/syntagmatic distinction. Furthermore, I also learned that semantic relations have an arity, i.e. the number of concepts a semantic relation can associate. But this doesn't connect to any of the aforementioned three semantic relations, or does it?
Any insight would be appreciated!