I trying to write a few verses and knowing the gender might change the meaning. A good source to Sanskrit grammar would also be accepted!

  • 3
    A good dictionary, Monier-Williams, for example.
    – user6726
    Mar 20 '16 at 2:00

Apte's dictionary (http://dsal.uchicago.edu/dictionaries/apte/) is also a great resource for learning the लिङ्गम् of words. However, the most authoritative source would be a कोषः such as अमरकोषः, मेदिनी etc.

The अमरकोषः has words arranged in categories (for e.g names of Gods, plants, etc.) and is in verse form. Where applicable, the verse also indicates the gender of words. For e.g here's one verse that gives synonyms for the word direction

दिशस्तु ककुभः काष्ठा आशाश्च हरितश्च ताः ।

The word ताः at the end signifies that each of the words in this verse are all in स्त्रीलिङ्गः (feminine) only:


Some words appear in all three genders, and these are also marked appropriately by the usage of special words in verses. I've seen ना or पुम् to denote पुँल्लिङ्गः (masculine), क्लिबम् for neuter and स्त्री for feminine.

Here's another example that enumerates synonyms of heaven

सुरलोको द्योदिवौ द्वे स्त्रियां क्लीबे त्रिविष्टपम्

सुरलोकः is obviously in पुँल्लिङ्गः but the next two words (i.e nominal stems) द्यो (प्रथमा-विभक्तिः forms are द्यौः द्यावौ द्यावः)and दिव्(प्रथमा-विभक्तिः forms are द्यौः दिवौ दिवः) are in स्त्रीलिङ्गः Finally त्रिविष्टपम् is in नपुंसकलिङ्गः

There's a commentary on अमरकोषः written by Bhanuji Dikshit and published by Chowkhamba. It contains all verses and a brief commentary to each verse where the derivations of some words is demonstrated with Panini's rules.

Sanskrit grammar is an ocean and takes several years to learn. The best way to get started is to find a teacher/scholar in this subject. If you have some foothold in the basics, you can view recordings of Siddhanta Kaumudi here: http://ggss-lessons.org/ or from youtube https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCp5mvCwXR-drTRyzNUUjdZg/

http://avg-sanskrit.org/ has enough material to keep one busy for a few years - the daily examples show how to use Panini's rules to derive words. Video recordings of select portions of Ramayanam, Raghuvamsam, Introduction to Sanskrit and Panini's rules are also available: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCYDCfgWlp6dlFr_vVTEVJrQ

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