I had a class today in an introductory linguistics course and some of the concepts are not clear to me.
First, what is the difference between semantics and pragmatics.
For example: A: "Did you have a good time yesterday" B: "I fell of the stairs and had to leave the party too early"
What is the difference between semantical analysis of this conversation to pragmatical analysis of this conversation.
Second: In Frege's theory of sense and reference. What is the the meaning of reference?
For example, a statement like: "God is nature and Nature is God"
I understand that there are two senses in this statement. One is "God" and one is "Nature".
But, is there a reference here at all? I mean, some people will not agree that God is nature. Some people will not agree that God exists at all. So, can the two senses "God" and "Nature" point to the same object if not everyone agrees that this object exists?