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I recently learned that poison in English translates to gift in German. Is there a term for such pairings where the translated word is also a valid word (with unrelated meaning) in the source language? Any other interesting examples?

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    A false friend. – Colin Fine Apr 14 '16 at 21:32
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Colin Fine noted in a comment

false friend

There are some lists of false friends for English available from https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Category:False_cognates_and_false_friends

For German, there is a list of false friends to many other languages here: https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liste_falscher_Freunde

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