I'm including some PIE examples in my Latex-formatted thesis. What font package or predefined symbols will help me?

2 Answers 2


I recommend the tipa package, a general package for typesetting phonetic transcriptions. It has all the stuff you need including the multiple accents. It works with all flavours of LaTeX.

In addition, it comes with a really excellent documentation.

  • More info needed here. I've tried tipa and tipx to get some diacritics. \usepackage{tipa} \usepackage{tipx} Some of the characters in the \textipa{} environment work, and some don't. For example: This works: \textipa{\|c{k}\rmt\’om *bhr\textacutemacron{a}t\=er} This doesn't: \textipa{*bhr\’=at\=er} According to the tipa manual they should both work. I've fooled around a bit with prologue and re-read the tipa manual a few times, but not sure what I'm doing wrong. Apr 22, 2016 at 1:21
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    @SteveRapaport: The is is pair of braces missing in your not working example, this also works: \textipa{*bhr\'{\=a}t\=er}—but it produces slightly different output than \textipa{*bhr\textacutemacron{a}t\=er}. Apr 22, 2016 at 9:43

In text mode, you can simply use the \textsubscript{} command to format some text as a subscript. So h3, for instance, can be made with h\textsubscript{3}.

More problematic might be symbols like the palatal stops, *ḱ, *ǵ, and *ǵʰ, or accented long vowels, like *ā́, *ḗ, and *ṓ. There aren't, to the best of my knowledge, pre-composed glyphs of these, so you'll almost certainly want to be using XeTeX with the fontspec package (and a font containing the appropriate glyphs) to write these characters.

  • I agree that the palatal stops and accented long vowels are hard to construct. To try this answer out, I'd want to know what fonts contain the appropriate glyphs. Hints? Apr 20, 2016 at 21:24
  • I would say there are almost too many fonts nowadays to even start naming some. SIL has a family of fonts that looks okay, renders these glyphs correctly, and are widely used in linguistics (Charis, Doulos, Gentium, etc.): scripts.sil.org/cms/scripts/page.php?item_id=IPAhome Other options that I think are nice looking include the Linux Libertine family of fonts, however, they are not used as widely: linuxlibertine.org Lucida Sans Unicode is not the prettiest font, but has been distributed with Windows by default for some time now.
    – limetom
    Apr 21, 2016 at 3:27

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