Are there languages that have grammatical morphemes that specify the scope of modifiers?
We all know that the English phrase "old men and women" is ambiguous. Surface structure alone won't tell us whether it means "old men and young, middle-aged, and/or old women" or "old men and old women."
Are there natural languages that have grammatical morphemes that are used specifically to disambiguate such phrases?
For example, does any natural language have a particle that specifies the scope of a modifier like this?
old men DISAMBIG and women = old men and (any-age) women
old men and women DISAMBIG = old men and old women
For example, does any natural language inflect adjectives according to whether they modify only one noun or all nouns in a series?
old-suffix.A men and women = old men and (any-age) women
old-suffix.B men and women = old men and old women
These are just nonce examples. I imagine that real examples from natural languages would be different.