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What is the complete root etymology of the Latin word "adventus?"

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  • @lemontree. The wiki-etymology (advenio + tus) is wrong. It is not from the present tense advenio, but from the stem adven-.
    – fdb
    Jul 20 '16 at 10:14
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    @fdb Okay, don't know enough about Latin to judge this. I was just linking this to show that the OP could very easily have come up with a first hint on the answer to his question himself and could then have asked for clarification more specifically (like the Wiki entry being wrong in some point, in case he could've figured that out) rather than asking a that general and easily googleable question, aside from the fact that this language-specific question is off-topic anyway.
    – lemontree
    Jul 20 '16 at 10:24
  • @lemontree. Look at my answer. It is not as simple as it looks. For real etymologies you have to consult specialised academic books; google does not necessarily have the answer.
    – fdb
    Jul 20 '16 at 10:31
  • @fdb Okay, then you are right about the non-triviality of the question then. Still, the question is off-topic ;)
    – lemontree
    Jul 20 '16 at 10:51
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It is from the preverb ad and the stem of the verb venio, namely ven-, Indo-European *gʷm-. Actually, adventus is two different words: the perfect passive participle adventus (genitive adventi), from *gʷm-to-, like Sanskrit gata-, and the noun adventus (genitive adventūs), from *gʷem-tu-, like Skt gantu-. The two forms coalesce in Latin in the nominative singular.

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It comes is from PIE forms

a̯ed meaning "to"

and

ğemtus meaning "act of coming" (root ğem-, it is also the source for English word "come")

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  • *gʷm-to- means “having come” (participle). *gʷm-tu- means “coming” (noun). You have mixed up the two words.
    – fdb
    Jul 20 '16 at 10:39
  • @fdb according to Lubotsky ğmtos meant "coming", but he also gives the form ğemtus with the same meaning. According to Wikitionary, ğmtos meant "passable", so there are different reconstructions.
    – Anixx
    Jul 20 '16 at 10:59
  • Yes, *gʷm-to- is also “act of coming” in PIE, but Latin adventus, -ūs cannot derive from it, but only from *gʷem-tu-
    – fdb
    Jul 20 '16 at 11:14
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    @fdb ah, I see, the long u matters. Fair enough.
    – Anixx
    Jul 20 '16 at 11:18
  • @fdb But he gives the form with a root vowel. Any arguments why there should be no vowel?
    – Anixx
    Jul 20 '16 at 11:19

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