Is ypologistís (Greek for computer) derived from, or related to,

apologeisthai "to speak in one's defense," from apologos "an account, story," (Etomonline)

I have now been informed by Janus Bahs Jacquet that the Ancient Greek word was hypologistēs. A bit of searching gave me the meaning of logistes:

auditor or accountant who scrutinizes the accounts of other officials who have authority over public funds

Source: Nature, Justice, and Rights in Aristotle's Politics By Fred Dycus Miller

But what was the hypologistes? An underling of the logistes, a clerk?

And does it derive from logike and ultimately from logos? Etomonline

  • hypologistēs does not seem to be an Ancient Greek word -- at least it is not in the Liddell-Scott dictionary: perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/…
    – TKR
    Aug 12, 2016 at 3:17
  • 2
    Seems unlikely, since ἀπό- and ὑπό- are distinct in Greek...
    – jogloran
    Aug 12, 2016 at 5:16

2 Answers 2


The Modern Greek word was formed from Classical ὑπολογίζομαι "to take something into account", which of course comes from λόγος.



In Russian,

счёт = counting, account

подсчёт = (under + counting) calculation, final summation

I think it is natural that final calculation has the "under-" prefix because when you sum up things, you write the result under the summed up data.

  • 1
    That is an interesting observation. ὑπολογίζομαι does not actually mean "calculate", but it can mean "subtract" .... sub + trahere.
    – fdb
    Aug 12, 2016 at 20:09

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