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Is ypologistís (Greek for computer) derived from, or related to,

apologeisthai "to speak in one's defense," from apologos "an account, story," (Etomonline)

I have now been informed by Janus Bahs Jacquet that the Ancient Greek word was hypologistēs. A bit of searching gave me the meaning of logistes:

auditor or accountant who scrutinizes the accounts of other officials who have authority over public funds

Source: Nature, Justice, and Rights in Aristotle's Politics By Fred Dycus Miller

But what was the hypologistes? An underling of the logistes, a clerk?

And does it derive from logike and ultimately from logos? Etomonline

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  • hypologistēs does not seem to be an Ancient Greek word -- at least it is not in the Liddell-Scott dictionary: perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/… – TKR Aug 12 '16 at 3:17
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    Seems unlikely, since ἀπό- and ὑπό- are distinct in Greek... – jogloran Aug 12 '16 at 5:16
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The Modern Greek word was formed from Classical ὑπολογίζομαι "to take something into account", which of course comes from λόγος.

http://perseus.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/philologic/getobject.pl?c.77:4:77.LSJ

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In Russian,

счёт = counting, account

подсчёт = (under + counting) calculation, final summation

I think it is natural that final calculation has the "under-" prefix because when you sum up things, you write the result under the summed up data.

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    That is an interesting observation. ὑπολογίζομαι does not actually mean "calculate", but it can mean "subtract" .... sub + trahere. – fdb Aug 12 '16 at 20:09

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