3

I guess this is really a difference of stress (though I confess, as a non-native, I barely perceive it).

  • Obama lives in the White House (white has primary stress?)
  • I live in the white house on this street.
  • Whitehouse is the Chief Surgeon here. (Same as white house in sentence two?)
4
  • Whitehouse probably does not pronounce the h as such.
    – Joop Eggen
    Aug 15 '16 at 10:42
  • @Joop Eggen You mean the h in house?
    – lemontree
    Aug 15 '16 at 12:44
  • So in American English, since the h goes away in Whitehouse, /t/ flaps because it is intervocalic.
    – user6726
    Aug 15 '16 at 14:57
  • Henry Lee Smith used to use that distinction to illustrate intonation and stress. Not every white house is the White House was the example sentence.
    – jlawler
    Aug 16 '16 at 3:30
3

You are right to say that the difference between these is one of stress. "White House" has a single stress on the first syllable, "white house" has an equal stress on both syllables.

Linguistically the difference is that "White House" is a compound, while "white house" is an adjective-plus-noun phrase.

3
  • I agree. Maybe in white house, stress is a bit stronger on house.
    – lemontree
    Aug 15 '16 at 12:44
  • 1
    This is actually the typical stress behaviour for compunds (stress on the first part of the compound) vs. adjective modified nouns (stress on both parts with tendency towards the noun, i.e. second part).
    – lemontree
    Aug 15 '16 at 13:22
  • 1
    @lemontree. Yes, this is absolutely the typical stress pattern for English compounds if both components are monosyllabic. If the components are polysyllabic there is typically a stress on each one of them.
    – fdb
    Aug 15 '16 at 21:50
0

It is a difference in stress, adjective 2white 1house versus compound 1white3house, but it's also a difference in rhythm. The adjective 2 1 construction is 2 measures versus the 1 measure of the compound 1 3 noun:

o BA ma | LIVES in the | WHITEhouse  (3 measures for the compound)  
o BA ma | LIVES in the | WHITE | HOUSE (4 measures for the adjective)

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