I am aware of some systems of sign writing (e.g. Sutton SignWriting). They are used in dictionaries, teaching materials, or scientific documentation. But did some Sign Language speech communities develop literature in sign writing?
Yes. – However these communities are quite small. There seem to be active groups on Facebook for ASLWrite (315 members) and another for Sutton SignWriting (442 members). Sutton SignWriting is also used for teaching sign language in Brazil.
I have made an attempt at adapting the ASLWrite system for use with Swedish Sign Language (linked page in Swedish). Hopefully one day I'll manage to drum up some interest for it. :)
The above image was taken from an article called “History of sign language writing” on handspeak.com. The table compares the symbols for five different handshapes in different sign language writing systems.
There also exists numerous systems for transcribing sign language for research or dictionary work, but as far as I know none of these systems are used by a wider community. (These would include HamNoSys, Stokoe notation, Swedish Sign Language Transcription and several others. – NOTE: The linked article on Swedish Sign Language transcription is in Swedish and was written by me.)